All the Young Men
|All the Young Men|
1960 theatrical poster
|Directed by||Hall Bartlett|
|Produced by||Hall Bartlett
|Written by||Hall Bartlett|
|Music by||George Duning|
|Cinematography||Daniel L. Fapp|
|Edited by||Al Clark|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Budget||over $1 million|
|Box office||$2,000,000 (US/ Canada)|
Poitier plays a U.S. Marine sergeant commanding a small, isolated and decimated platoon in the Korean War. The film explores the racial integration of the American military, centering on the African-American sergeant's struggle to win the trust and respect of the men in his unit.
When the platoon commander is mortally wounded in an ambush, he passes the role of platoon leader to the next highest ranking man, Sergeant Towler (Sidney Poitier). Towler initially feels the role should be taken by the combat experienced former Sergeant now Private Kincaid (Alan Ladd) who has eleven years of service as a Marine. However, Kincaid lost his former rank through misconduct and doing things his own way. Kincaid's prowess as a hero is demonstrated in the opening battle scene where he picks up a M1919 Browning machine gun and fires it from the hip into charging North Korean soldiers.
Before he dies, the Lieutenant reminds Towler that he is next in line for command, not Kincaid. One of the platoon, Pvt Bracken (Paul Richards), openly questions Towler's authority in favour of Kincaid.
With their radio destroyed in the ambush, Sgt Towler leads the ten survivors of the platoon to a house strategically located at a pass that the men can hold until the rest of the battalion arrives.
- Alan Ladd as Private Kincaid
- Sidney Poitier as Sergeant Eddie Towler
- James Darren as Private Cotton
- Glenn Corbett as Hospital Corpsman Wade
- Mort Sahl as Corporal Crane
- Ana María Lynch as Maya
- Paul Richards as Private Bracken
- Richard Davalos as Private Casey
- Lee Kinsolving as Private Dean
- Joseph Gallison as Private Jackson
- Ingemar Johansson as Private Torgil
Hall Bartlett designed a film as a vehicle for Sidney Poitier, based on the integration of the military in the Korean War. Bartlett came up with the original story with Gene Coon and wrote the script himself. He aimed to make the film independently, though the exact start date was going to be dependent on Poitier's success in A Raisin in the Sun.
Columbia Pictures agreed to finance on the proviso that Bartlett rewrite the script for a white co-star. Bartlett found the only major star willing to do the movie was Alan Ladd who co-produced the film. Bartlett:
I could have done it [the film] on a shoestring in some canyon in the Hollywood Hills, but I felt that now is the time for me to prove myself with a picture in the million-plus category. I realized that I could not stay in my ivory tower forever, making nice, small, critically praised films. You don't go very far here if you're not successful when the right time comes.
The film features an unusual cast who works well together. In addition to Alan Ladd and Sidney Poitier the cast includes Mort Sahl who does a comedy routine, James Darren who sings the title song (he was meant to sing three songs in all), Glenn Corbett and boxer Ingemar Johansson in his American film debut. Bartlett cast his Argentine wife Ana María Lynch/Ana St. Clair as a Korean, Mario Alcalde as an American Indian, Hollywood born Paul Richards as a bigoted Southerner, and cast local Blackfoot Indians as North Koreans.
"I just play myself," said Johansson.
Columbia planned two separate advertising campaigns for the film to white and black audiences. Columbia also used Quentin Reynolds to promote the film in advertising campaigns. A paperback novelisation of the film was written by Marvin Albert.
The Marine Corps provided Lieutenant Colonel Clement J. Stadler who had been awarded the Navy Cross in World War II as a technical advisor; a function he also performed in Hell to Eternity, The Outsider, Ambush Bay and The Lieutenant television series. The United States Marine Corps had disbanded separate black Marine units and bases since 18 November 1949.
- McDonald, Thomas (October 18, 1959). "Hollywood 'Freedom' — Independent Producers Take Timely Inventory". New York Times. p. X7. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "Rental Potentials of 1960", Variety, 4 January 1961 p 47. Please note figures are rentals as opposed to total gross.
- Pryor, Thomas M. (March 4, 1959). "Poitier Will Play Marine in Movie — Signs to Star in 'All the Young Men' — Replacement Sought for Lana Turner". New York Times. p. 34. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- pp.180-181 Goudsouzian, Aram Sidney Poitier: Man, Actor and Icon 2004 UNC Press
- Ladd, Poitier to Co-Star in War Movie Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 06 May 1959: b3.
- Schumach, Murray (July 7, 1959). "U.S. Legionnaires to Hear Red Issue — California Unit Will Take Resolution Criticizing Film Industry to Convention". New York Times. p. 36. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "ole in Warm Film to James Darren — Actor Will Join the Cast of 'All the Young Men' — 'Powder Keg' Planned". New York Times. June 19, 1959. p. 28. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Writer Liberated Schulberg Claims: Creator Now Follows Through; Bartlett Imports 'Only Girl' Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 05 Oct 1959: A13.
- "Johansson Weeps in Film on Korea — Heavyweight Champion Will Mourn Death of a Buddy in 'All the Young Men'". New York Times. October 12, 1959. p. 14. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Zolotow, Sam (July 28, 1959). "Play is Canceled by Michael Ellis — Tryout of 'Intermission' by Ned Armstrong Dropped — Author Brings Charges". New York Times. p. 24. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- p.166 Gormery, Douglas Shared Pleasures: A History of Movie Presentation in the United States University of Wisconsin Press
- p.483 Sutherland, Jonathan African-Americans at War:An Encyclopedia 2004 ABC-CLIO