All You Need Is Love
|"All You Need Is Love"|
US picture sleeve
|Single by The Beatles|
|B-side||"Baby, You're a Rich Man"|
|Released||7 July 1967|
|Recorded||14 and 19–26 June 1967,
Olympic and EMI studios, London
|The Beatles singles chronology|
"All You Need Is Love" is a song by the Beatles that was released as a non-album single in July 1967. It was written by John Lennon and credited to Lennon–McCartney. The Beatles performed the song as Britain's contribution to Our World, the first live global television link. Watched by over 400 million in 25 countries, the programme was broadcast via satellite on 25 June 1967.
The Beatles were asked to come up with a song with a message understood by everyone. "It was an inspired song and they really wanted to give the world a message," said Brian Epstein. "The nice thing about it is that it cannot be misinterpreted. It is a clear message saying that love is everything." According to journalist Jade Wright, "Lennon was fascinated by the power of slogans to unite people and never afraid to create art out of propaganda. When asked in 1971 whether songs like "Give Peace a Chance" and "Power to the People" were propaganda songs, he answered: 'Sure. So was All You Need Is Love. I'm a revolutionary artist. My art is dedicated to change.'"
The band started work on recording the song on 14 June 1967, with Lennon playing harpsichord, Paul McCartney on double bass, George Harrison on violin (an instrument he had never previously played), and Ringo Starr on drums. They recorded 33 takes, choosing the tenth take as the best. Over the following days they recorded overdubs including vocals, piano (played by their producer, George Martin), banjo (by Lennon), guitar and orchestral parts.
The interviews on The Beatles Anthology documentary series reveal that McCartney and Harrison were unsure whether "All You Need Is Love" was written for Our World, while Starr and Martin assert that it was. When asked, McCartney replied: "I don't think it was written specially for it. But it was one of the songs we had. ... It was certainly tailored to [the broadcast] once we had it. But I've got a feeling it was just one of John's songs that was coming there."
The song starts with the intro to the French national anthem, "La Marseillaise", and contains elements from Glenn Miller's 1939 hit "In the Mood", as well as elements from Wayne Shanklin's 1958 hit "Chanson D'Amour". The song is notable for its asymmetric time signature and complex changes. The main verse pattern contains a total of 29 beats, split into two 7/4 measures, a single bar of 8/4, followed by a one bar return of 7/4 before repeating the pattern. The chorus, however, maintains a steady 4/4 beat with the exception of the last bar of 6/4 (on the lyric 'love is all you need'). The prominent cello line draws attention to this departure from pop-single normality, although it was not the first time that the Beatles had experimented with varied meter within a single song: "We Can Work It Out" and "Strawberry Fields Forever" are other examples. The song is in the key of G and the verse opens (on "There's nothing you can do") with a G chord and D melody note, the chords shifting in a I-V-vi chord progression while the bass simultaneously follows the tonic (G) to the relative minor (Em), but via an F♯, supporting a first inversion D chord. Indeed, throughout this song McCartney's bass implies many additional harmonies under the chords played by the other instruments.
After the verse "learn how to play the game, it's easy", the bass alters the prolonged V (D) chord with F#, E, C and B notes. The song is notable for a dramatic use of a dominant or V chord (here D) on "It's easy." The "Love, love, love" chant involves chords in a I-V7-vi shift (G-D-Em) and simultaneous descending B, A, G notes with the concluding G note corresponding not to the tonic G chord, but acting as a ♭ 3rd of the Em chord; this also introducing the E note of the Em chord as a 6th of the tonic G scale. Supporting the same melody note with different and unexpected chords has been termed a characteristic Beatles technique.
George Martin recalled that "the boys … wanted to freak out at the end, and just go mad". During the long fade-out, elements of various other songs can be heard, including "Greensleeves", Invention No. 8 in F major (BWV 779) by J.S. Bach, "In the Mood", and the Beatles' own 1963 hit "She Loves You". The first of these three pieces had been included in the arrangement by Martin. "She Loves You" was the result of improvisation by Lennon in rehearsals – he had also experimented with interpolating "Yesterday" and "She'll Be Coming 'Round the Mountain" – although it was McCartney who sang "She Loves You" on the subsequent studio recording.
The Our World broadcast cut to Abbey Road studios at 8:54 PM London time, approximately 40 seconds earlier than expected. Martin and engineer Geoff Emerick were drinking scotch whisky to calm their nerves for the task of mixing the audio for a live worldwide broadcast, and had to scramble the bottle and glasses beneath the mixing desk when they were told they were about to go on air.
For the broadcast, the Beatles (except for Starr) were seated on stools, accompanied by a small studio orchestra. They were surrounded by friends and acquaintances seated on the floor, who sang along with the refrain during the fade-out. These guests included Mick Jagger, Eric Clapton, Marianne Faithfull, Keith Richards, Keith Moon, Graham Nash, Mike McGear, Patti Boyd and Jane Asher.
The performance was not completely live: the Beatles, the orchestra, and guests were overdubbing onto a pre-recorded rhythm track mainly consisting of piano, harpsichord, drums and backing vocals. The producers of Our World were initially unhappy about the use of backing tracks, but it was insisted upon by Martin, who said that "we can't just go in front of 350 million people without some work". The full Our World segment opens with the band and company listening to the raw backing track, as commentator Steve Race explained the process in voiceover.
The segment initially showed the band simulating a rehearsal or rough take for about a minute, before Martin suggesting that the orchestral musicians should take their places for the recording as the tape was rewound, followed by the band's performance with the orchestral section. Among a number of placards featuring the word "love" translated into a variety of languages, a sign was held up during the clip with the words "Come Back Milly" – a plea to an aunt of McCartney's who was then in Australia visiting her son and grandchildren.
Lennon, affecting indifference, was said to be nervous about the broadcast, given the potential size of the international TV audience. Dissatisfied with his singing, he rerecorded the solo verses for use on the single. Starr also overdubbed drums before the single was released, fixing the aforementioned timing problems and adding the drum roll.
The programme was broadcast in black-and-white (colour television had yet to commence broadcasting in Britain and most of the world). The Beatles' footage was colourised, based on photographs of the event, for the 1995 documentary The Beatles Anthology. The colour version is also included in the Beatles' 2015 video compilation 1.
The day before the Our World broadcast, the Beatles decided that the song should be their next single. Released in the UK on 7 July 1967, it went straight to number one and remained there for three weeks. It was similarly successful in the United States after its release on 17 July, reaching number one for a week.
"All You Need Is Love" was also included on the American LP version of Magical Mystery Tour in November 1967, as well as in the film, and on the LP Yellow Submarine, released in 1969. This song is also featured in Cirque du Soleil's show Love, based on the songs of the Beatles.
According to Ian MacDonald:
- The Beatles
- John Lennon – lead and backing vocals, harpsichord, banjo
- Paul McCartney – bass, double bass, backing vocals
- George Harrison – lead guitar, violin, backing vocals
- Ringo Starr – drums, percussion
- Additional musicians
- George Martin – piano, orchestration and production
- David Mason – piccolo trumpet
- Session musicians played strings (led by Patrick Halling), brass, woodwind and accordion as conducted by Mike Vickers
- Friends and studio people made handclaps and sang background vocals (including Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Keith Moon, Graham Nash and many others).
|Group or artist's name||Release date||Album title||Additional information|
|The 5th Dimension||1971–10||The 5th Dimension/Live!|
|Echo & the Bunnymen||1984||Seven Seas
"Life at Brian's - Lean and Hungry"
|This version is included on the 1988 release New Live and Rare. This version is also included on Crystal Days: 1979-1999; they also released a live cover as a bonus track on the 2003 re-release of their 1984 album Ocean Rain.|
|Elvis Costello||1985||Costello played the song at Wembley Stadium at the London leg of Live Aid, introducing it as an "old Northern English folk song".|
|Bajaga i Instruktori||1986||7" single|
|Eddie Chacon||1987||12" single||Columbia 4406930|
|Tears for Fears||1990||Going to California (Live DVD)||Orzabal changed some of the lyrics and incorporated the phrase "Raoul and the Kings of Spain" which would go on to be the title of a future album.|
|Ferrante & Teicher||1993-01-29||The Greatest Love Songs of All|
|The Undead||1998–07||Till Death|
|Lynden David Hall||2003-11-11||Love Actually|
|Nada Surf||2006||Featured in a Chase Credit Card commercial|
|Dana Fuchs & Jim Sturgess||2007||Across the Universe|
|Beatallica||2008||single||Parodied as "All You Need is Blood"|
|Noel Gallagher||2009||The Dreams We Have as Children (Live for Teenage Cancer Trust)|
|Bandaged||2009||single (BBC Children in Need)||Taken from the Bandaged Together album and featuring rock, pop and classical artists|
|One Direction||2010||Performed live on The X Factor during the show's elimination rounds.|
|Japan United with Music||2012-03-07||single||Charity single for recovery from the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Produced by Ryuichi Sakamoto and Takeshi Kobayashi, and featuring many artists such as Yellow Magic Orchestra, Crystal Kay, Tomoyasu Hotei, Kazutoshi Sakurai, Sugizo and Bonnie Pink.|
|The Flaming Lips (feat. Alex and Jade of Edward Sharpe and the Magnetic Zeros)||2013-04-01||The Terror||Taken from the UK Bella Union exclusive 3" mini CD|
|Glee cast||2013||Glee Sings the Beatles||Also performed on Season Five Premiere, "Love Love Love"|
|Dave Koz||2015||Collaborations: 25th Anniversary Collection||featuring Eric Benét, Johnny Mathis, Heather Headley, Richard Marx, Jonathan Butler, Maysa, BeBe Winans, Gloria Estefan and Stevie Wonder|
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Laserdisc 7, Side 1, Chapter 1
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56. All you need is love - The Beatles [#10]
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|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Magical Mystery Tour|
- Alan W. Pollack's Notes on "All You Need Is Love"
- CoverTogether: "All You Need is Love" Cover Versions
- Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
"A Whiter Shade of Pale" by Procol Harum
|UK Singles Chart number one single
19 July 1967 (three weeks)
"San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)" by Scott McKenzie
"Light My Fire" by the Doors
|Billboard Hot 100 number one single
19 August 1967 (one week)
"Ode to Billie Joe" by Bobbie Gentry
"A Whiter Shade of Pale" by Procol Harum
|French number one single
22 July 1967 (one week)
"Adios Amor" by Sheila