Allahabad High Court
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|Allahabad High Court|
High Court Building
|Established||1866 (in Agra)
1869 (in Allahabad)
|Location||Allahabad, U.P. (Principal Seat)
Lucknow (circuit bench)
|Composition method||Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Decisions are appealed to||Supreme Court of India|
|Judge term length||mandatory retirement by age of 62|
|Number of positions||160|
|Currently||Hon'ble Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud|
|Since||31 October 2013|
The Allahabad High Court or the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad is a high court based in Allahabad that has jurisdiction over the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1869, making it one of the first high courts to be established in India.
Allahabad became the seat of Government of North-Western Provinces and a High Court was established in 1834 but was shifted to Agra within a year. In 1868 it shifted back to Allahabad. The former High Court was located at the Accountant General's office at the University of Allahabad complex.
It was originally founded as the High Court of Judicature for the North-Western Provinces at Agra on 17 March 1866 by the Indian High Courts Act 1861 replacing the old Sadr Diwani Adalat. Sir Walter Morgan, Barrister-at-Law and Mr. Simpson were appointed the first Chief Justice and the first Registrar respectively of the High Court of North-Western Provinces.
The location High Court for the North-Western Provinces was shifted from Agra to Allahabad in 1869 and the name was correspondingly changed to the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad from 11 March 1919.
On 2 November 1925, the Oudh Judicial Commissioner's Court was replaced by the Oudh Chief Court at Lucknow by the Oudh Civil Courts Act of 1925, enacted by the United Provinces Legislature with the previous sanction of the Governor General the passing of this Act.
On 25 February 1948, the Chief Court of Oudh was amalgamated with the High Court of Allahabad.
When the state of Uttaranchal, now known as Uttarakhand, was carved out of Uttar Pradesh in 2000, this high court ceased to have jurisdiction over the districts falling in Uttaranchal. Allahabad High court was built by Khan saheb Nizamuddin of Loha Mundi, Agra, India. He also donated the water fountain to the High court.
Principal seat and benches
The seat of the court is at Allahabad. Allahabad High Court maintains a permanent circuit bench at Lucknow, the administrative capital of the state. The maximum number of serving judges is 160, the highest in India.
On elevation of Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud, to Supreme Court, Justice VN Shukla is serving as the Acting Chief Justice.
List of Chief Justices
|3||William Comer Petheram||1884–1886|
|5||Louis Addin Kershaw||1898|
|9||Edward Grimwood Mears||1919–1932|
|10||Shah Muhammad Sulaiman||1932–1937|
|11||John Gibb Thom||1937–1941|
|13||Kamala Kanta Verma||1946–1947|
|14||Bidhu Bhushan Malik||1947–1955|
|16||Manulal Chunilal Desai||1961–1966|
|17||Vashishtha Bhargava||25 February 1966 – 7 August 1966|
|19||Vidyadhar Govind Oak||1967–1971|
|20||Shashi Kanta Verma||1971–1973|
|21||Dhatri Saran Mathur||1973–1974|
|22||Kunwar Bahadur Asthana||1974–1977|
|23||D. M. Chandrashekhar||1977–1978|
|25||Mahesh Narain Shukla||1983–1985|
|26||Hriday Nath Seth||1986|
|27||Kalmanje Jagannatha Shetty||1986–1987|
|28||Dwarka Nath Jha||1987|
|30||Brahma Nath Katju||1988–1989|
|31||B. P. Jeevan Reddy||1990–1991|
|32||M. K. Mukherjee||1991–1993|
|33||S. S. Sodhi||1994–1995|
|34||A. Lakshman Rao||1995–1996|
|35||D. P. Mohapatra||1996–1998|
|36||N. K. Mitra||1999–2000|
|37||Shyamal Kumar Sen||8 May 2000 – 24 November 2002|
|38||Tarun Chatterjee||31 January 2003 – 26 August 2004|
|39||Ajoy Nath Ray||11 January 2005 – 26 January 2007|
|40||Hemant Laxman Gokhale||7 March 2007 – 8 March 2009|
|41||Chandramauli Kumar Prasad||20 March 2009 – 7 February 2010|
|42||Ferdino Rebello||26 June 2010 – 30 July 2011|
|43||Syed Rafat Alam||4 August 2011 – 8 August 2012|
|44||Shiva Kirti Singh||17 October 2012 – 18 September 2013|
|45||Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud||31 October 2013 – 12 May 2016|
Reporting and citation
Private journals that report Allahabad High Court Judgements include Allahabad Criminal Cases, Allahabad Law Journal and Lucknow Law Times.
- Ashutosh Joshi (1 January 2008). Town Planning Regeneration of Cities. New India Publishing. p. 93. ISBN 8189422820.
- Ashutosh Joshi (1 January 2008). Town Planning Regeneration of Cities. New India Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 8189422820.
- Ashutosh Joshi (1 January 2008). Town Planning Regeneration of Cities. New India Publishing. p. 118. ISBN 8189422820.
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