Allahu Akbar (anthem)

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الله أكبر
English: Allah is the Greatest
Allahu Akbar

Former national anthem of  Libya
Lyrics Mahmoud El-Sherif, 1955
Music Abdalla Shams El-Din, 1954
Adopted September 1, 1969 (Libyan Arab Republic)
March 2, 1977 (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)
Relinquished March 2, 1977 (Libyan Arab Republic)
October 20, 2011 (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)
Audio sample

"Allahu Akbar" (Arabic: الله أكبر‎; meaning "Allah is [the] Greatest," or "Allah is The Greatest") was the national anthem of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from March 2, 1977 to October 20, 2011. Originally an Egyptian military marching song during the Suez Canal War of 1956, it was previously the national anthem of the Libyan Arab Republic beforehand, in use from September 1, 1969 to March 2, 1977.

History[edit]

Egyptian origins[edit]

"Allahu Akbar" was originally an Egyptian military marching song which became popular in Egypt and Syria during the Suez Canal War of 1956. The lyrics were written by Mahmoud El-Sherif, and the music was composed by Abdalla Shams El-Din.

Use in Libya[edit]

"Allahu Akbar" was adopted as the official national anthem of the Libyan Arab Republic on 1 September 1969, by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, showing his hopes of uniting the Arab world. "Allahu Akbar" replaced the previous national anthem "Libya, Libya, Libya", which had been used by the Kingdom of Libya since its independence in 1951.

When the Libyan Arab Republic became the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya on 2 March 1977, "Allahu Akbar" remained the national anthem of Libya. However, when Libya and Egypt broke off diplomatic relations following the latter's peace treaty with the State of Israel in 1979, the Egyptian origins of the national anthem were no longer mentioned by official government sources.[1]

When the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya was dissolved on 20 October 2011, following the Libyan Civil War and the death of Muammar Gaddafi, "Libya, Libya, Libya" was once again adopted as the new national anthem of Libya, by the National Transitional Council.

Lyrics[edit]

Arabic Transliteration IPA transcription English translation
First verse

الله أكبر الله اكبر
الله أكبر فوق كيد المعتدي
الله للمظلوم خير مؤيدي
أنا باليقين وبالسلاح سأفتدي
بلدي ونور الحق يسطع في يدي
قولوا معي قولوا معي
الله الله الله أكبر
الله فوق المعتدي

Allāhu Akbar! Allāhu Akbar!
Allāhu Akbar fawqa kaydi l-muʿtadī
Allāhu li-l-maẓlūmi xayru muʾaydi
Anā bi-l-yaqīni wa-bi-s-silāḥi saʾaftadī
Baladī wa-nūru l-ḥaqqi yasṭaʿu fī yadī
Qūlū maʿī Qūlū maʿī
Allāhu Allāhu Allāhu Akbar!
Allāhu fawqa l-muʿtadī

al.laːhu akbar al.laːhu akbar
al.laːhu akbar fawqa kajdi l.muʕtadiː
al.laːhu lil.mazˤluːmi xajru muʔajdi
anaː bil.jaqiːni wabis.silaːħi saʔaftadiː
baladiː wanuːru l.ħaq.qi jastˤaʕu fiː jadiː
quːluː maʕiː quːluː maʕiː
al.laːhu al.laːhu al.laːhu akbar
al.laːhu fawqa l.muʕtadiː

God is the greatest! God is the greatest!
And God is greatest above plots of the aggressors,
And God is the best helper of the oppressed.
With faith and with weapons I shall defend my country
And the light of truth will shine in my hand.
Say with me! Say with me!
God, God, God is the greatest!
God is above any attacker!

Second verse

يا هذه الدنيا أطلي واسمعي
جيش الأعادي جاء يبغي مصرعي
بالحق سوف أرده وبمدفعي
وإذا فنيت فسوف أفنيه معي
قولوا معي قولوا معي
الله الله الله اكبر
الله فوق المعتدي

Yā haḏihi d-dunyā aṭillī w-asmaʿī
Jayšu l-aʿādī jāʾ yabḡī maṣraʿī
Bi-l-ḥaqqi sawfa arduhu wa-bumadfaʿī
Wa-iḏā finīt fusūf afnīhi maʿī
Qūlū maʿī Qūlū maʿī
Allāhu Allāhu Allāhu Akbar!
Allāhu fawqa l-muʿtadī

jaː haðihi d.dun.jaː atˤil.liː wasmaʕiː
d͡ʒajʃu laʕaːdiː jaːʔ jabɣiː masˤraʕiː
bil.ħaq.qi sawfa arduhu wabumadfaʕiː
wa.iðaː finiːt fusuːf afniːhi maʕiː
quːluː maʕiː quːluː maʕiː
al.laːhu al.laːhu al.laːhu akbar
al.laːhu fawqa l.muʕtadiː

Oh this world, watch and listen:
The enemy came coveting my demise,
I shall fight with Truth and defences
And if I die, I'll take him with me!
Say it with me, say it with me:
God, God, God is the greatest!
God is above any attacker!

Third verse

الله أكبر الله أكبر
قولوا معي الويل للمستعمر
وﷲ فوق الغادر المتجبر
الله أكبر يا بلادي كبري
وخذي بناصية المغير ودمري
قولوا معي قولوا معي
الله الله الله أكبر
الله فوق المعتدي

Allāhu akbar! Allāhu akbar!
Qūlū maʿī l-waylu li-l-mustaʿmiri
Wa-llāhu fawqa l-ḡāṣibi l-mutakabbiri
Allāhu akbaru yā bilādī kabbirī
Wa-xuḏī bin-aṣīyâti l-muḡīri wa-dammirī
Qūlū maʿī Qūlū maʿī
Allāhu Allāhu Allāhu Akbar!
Allāhu fawqa l-muʿtadī

al.laːhu akbar al.laːhu akbar
quːluː maʕiː l.wajlu lil.mustaʕmiri
wal.laːhu fawqa l.ɣaːsˤibi l.mutakab.biri
al.laːhu akbaru jaː bilaːdiː kab.biriː
waxuðiː binasˤiːjati l.muɣiːri wadam.miriː
quːluː maʕiː quːluː maʕiː
al.laːhu al.laːhu al.laːhu akbar
al.laːhu fawqa l.muʕtadiː

God is the greatest! God is the greatest!
Say with me, woe to the colonialist
And God is over the invader egotist,
God is the greatest, my country say with me:
And behold of enemies forelock and destroy it
Say it with me, say it with me:
God, God, God is the Greatest!
God is above any attacker!

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ nationalanthems.info. "Libya 1969-2011 - nationalanthems.info". nationalanthems.info. Retrieved 2012-01-30.