Allan Cup

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Allan Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2019 Allan Cup
Allan Cup.jpg
SportIce hockey
Inaugural season1909
Most recent
champion(s)
Lacombe Generals (2019)
Most titlesPort Arthur Bearcats/Thunder Bay Twins (9)
TV partner(s)TSN
Official websiteHockeyCanada.ca

The Allan Cup is the trophy awarded annually to the national senior amateur men's ice hockey champions of Canada. It was donated by Sir Montagu Allan of Ravenscrag, Montreal, and has been competed for since 1909. The current champions are the Lacombe Generals, who captured the 2019 Allan Cup in Lacombe, Alberta.

History[edit]

In 1908, a split occurred in the competition of ice hockey in Canada. The top amateur teams left the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association, which allowed professionals, to form the new Inter-Provincial Amateur Hockey Union (IPAHU), a purely amateur league. The trustees of the Stanley Cup decided that the Cup would be awarded to the professional ice champion, meaning there was no corresponding trophy for the amateur championship of Canada. The Allan Cup was donated in early 1909 by Montreal businessman and Montreal Amateur Athletic Association president Sir H. Montagu Allan to be presented to the amateur champions of Canada. It was to be ruled like the Stanley Cup had, passed by champion to champion by league championship or challenge.[1][2] Three trustees were named to administer the trophy: Sir Edward Clouston, President of the Bank of Montreal, Dr. H. B. Yates of McGill University, (donor of the Yates Cup to the Intercollegiate Rugby Union in 1898) and Graham Drinkwater, four-time Stanley Cup champion.

The trophy was originally presented to the Victoria Hockey Club of Montreal, Quebec, members of the IPAHU, to award to the champions of the IPAHU.[2] The first IPAHU champion, and by extension, first winner of the Cup was the Ottawa Cliffsides hockey club. After the season, the Cliffsides were defeated in the first-ever challenge by the Queen's University hockey club of Kingston, Ontario.

In the early years, trustees of the Cup quickly came to appreciate the difficulties of organizing a national competition in so large a country. In 1914, at the suggestion of one of the trustees, Claude Robinson, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) was formed as a national governing body for the sport. One of the CAHA's first decisions, in 1915, was to replace the challenge system with a series of national playoffs. Starting in 1920, the Allan Cup champion team would represent Canada in amateur play at the Olympics and World Championships. The CAHA used the profits from Allan Cup games as a subsidy for the national team.[3] This was discontinued in the 1960s with the introduction of the Canadian national team.

Competition for the cup was originally a one-game format, then a two-game total goals format. CAHA president Silver Quilty changed the format to a best-of-three series in 1925 due to increased popularity of the games.[4] In 1928 the trustees turned over responsibility for the Cup to the CAHA. By 1951, many senior teams had become semi-professional or professional. In 1951, the CAHA set up a "major league" of competition from the semi-pro and professional senior leagues. The leagues would no longer compete for the Allan Cup, but would compete for the new Alexander Cup. The Allan Cup would be competed for on a more purely amateur basis from teams in smaller centres of Canada. The major league concept broke up by 1953, and the Alexander Cup competition was retired after 1954.

Since 1984 the Allan Cup has been competed for by teams in the Senior AAA category. Although interest in senior ice hockey has diminished over its history, the Cup retains an important place in Canadian ice hockey.[5] The Cup championship is determined in an annual tournament held in the city or town of a host team, playing off against regional champions.

The Cup has been won by teams from every province and from the Yukon, as well as by two teams from the United States which played in Canadian leagues. The city with the most Allan Cup championships is Thunder Bay with 10, including four won as Port Arthur before the city's amalgamation. The original Cup has been retired to the Hockey Hall of Fame, and a replica is presented to the champions.

Allan Cup championships[edit]

Challenges[edit]

Listed are all of the challenges of the early years of the Allan Cup, bolded are the final winner of the season.

Allan Cup Challenge Series
Year Champion Finalist Goal total Location
1909 Ottawa Cliffsides Initial Champion, as IPAHU Champions
Queen's Golden Gaels Ottawa Cliffsides 5-4 (1 gm) Ottawa, Ontario
1910 Queen's Golden Gaels McGill Redmen 7-2 (1 gm) Ottawa, Ontario
Queen's Golden Gaels Ottawa Cliffsides 6-3 (1 gm) Kingston, Ontario
Toronto St. Michael's Majors Queen's Golden Gaels 5-4 (1 gm) Kingston, Ontario
Toronto St. Michael's Majors Sherbrooke 8-3 (1 gm) Toronto, Ontario
1911 Winnipeg Victorias Toronto St. Michael's Majors Default
Winnipeg Victorias Kenora Thistles 16-10 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
1912 Winnipeg Victorias Calgary Athletic Club 19-6 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg Victorias Toronto Eatons 24-5 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg Victorias Regina Capitals 9-3 (1 gm) Winnipeg, Manitoba
1913 Winnipeg Hockey Club Awarded as ManHL Champions
Winnipeg Hockey Club Moose Jaw Moose 16-3 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg Hockey Club Edmonton Eskimos 18-8 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
1914 Winnipeg Monarchs Awarded as ManHL Champions
Winnipeg Monarchs Kenora Thistles 6-2 (1 gm) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Regina Victorias Winnipeg Monarchs 5-4 (1 gm) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Regina Victorias Grand-Mère 10-5 (2 gms) Regina, Saskatchewan
1915 Melville Millionaires Awarded as SSHL Champions
Melville Millionaires Prince Albert Mintos 15-13 (2 gms) Melville/Prince Albert, Saskatchewan
Melville Millionaires Toronto Victorias 15-11 (2 gms) Melville, Saskatchewan
Winnipeg Monarchs Melville Millionaires 7-6 (2 gms) Melville, Saskatchewan
1916 Winnipeg 61st Battalion Winnipeg Monarchs 11-10 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg 61st Battalion Winnipeg Victorias 5-3 (1 gm) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg 61st Battalion Fort William 8-6 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg 61st Battalion Regina Victorias 13-3 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
1917 Winnipeg Victorias Awarded as WPL Champions
Winnipeg Victorias Winnipeg Union Canadienne 22-11 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg Victorias Winnipeg 221st Battalion 11-5 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg Victorias Port Arthur 141st Battalion 10-5 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
Toronto Dentals Winnipeg Victorias 13-12 (2 gms) Winnipeg, Manitoba
1918 Kitchener Greenshirts Toronto Dentals 7-4 (2 gms) Kitchener/Toronto, Ontario
Kitchener Greenshirts Port Arthur Columbus Club 20-2 (1 gm) Toronto, Ontario
Kitchener Greenshirts Winnipeg Ypres 6-4 (2 gms) Toronto, Ontario

Playoffs[edit]

Allan Cup Final Series/Round Robins
Year Eastern Finalist Western Finalist Series Primary Location
1919 Hamilton Tigers Winnipeg Selkirks 7-6 (gls) Toronto, Ontario
1920 University of Toronto Winnipeg Falcons 5-11 (gls) Toronto, Ontario
1921 University of Toronto Brandon 8-3 (gls) Winnipeg, Manitoba
1922 Toronto Granites Regina Victorias 13-2 (gls) Toronto, Ontario
1923 Toronto Granites University of Saskatchewan 11-2 (gls) Winnipeg, Manitoba
1924 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Winnipeg Selkirks 6-3 (gls) Toronto, Ontario
1925 University of Toronto Port Arthur Bearcats 0-2 Winnipeg, Manitoba
1926 University of Toronto Port Arthur Bearcats 1-2-1 Toronto, Ontario*
1927 University of Toronto Grads Fort William Thundering Herd 2-1-1 Vancouver, British Columbia
1928 Montreal Victorias University of Manitoba Bisons 1-2 Ottawa, Ontario
1929 Montreal St-Francois Xavier Port Arthur Bearcats 0-2-1 Winnipeg, Manitoba
1930 Montreal Hockey Club Port Arthur Bearcats 2-0 Toronto, Ontario
1931 Hamilton Tigers Winnipeg Hockey Club 0-2 Winnipeg, Manitoba
1932 Toronto National Sea Fleas Fort William Blues 2-0 Montreal, Quebec
1933 Moncton Hawks Saskatoon Quakers 2-0 Vancouver, British Columbia
1934 Moncton Hawks Fort William Beavers 2-1 Toronto, Ontario
1935 Halifax Wolverines Port Arthur Bearcats 2-0 Halifax, Nova Scotia
1936 Sudbury Falcons Kimberley Dynamiters 0-2 Winnipeg, Manitoba
1937 Sudbury Tigers North Battleford Beavers 3-2 Calgary, Alberta
1938 Cornwall Flyers Trail Smoke Eaters 1-3 Calgary, Alberta
1939 Royal Montreal Hockey Club Port Arthur Bearcats 1-3 Montreal, Quebec
1940 Kirkland Lake Blue Devils Calgary Stampeders 3-0 Toronto, Ontario
1941 Sydney Millionaires Regina Rangers 2-3-1 Regina, Saskatchewan
1942 Ottawa RCAF Flyers Port Arthur Bearcats 3-2 Ottawa, Ontario*
1943 Ottawa Army Commandos Victoria Army 3-1 Calgary, Alberta*
1944 Quebec Aces Port Arthur Shipbuilders 3-0 Quebec City, Quebec
1944-45 Competition was Suspended due to World War II
1946 Hamilton Tigers Calgary Stampeders 1-4 Calgary, Alberta*
1947 Royal Montreal Hockey Club Calgary Stampeders 4-3 Montreal, Quebec*
1948 Ottawa Senators Edmonton Flyers 1-4 Edmonton, Alberta*
1949 Ottawa Senators Regina Capitals 4-1 Ottawa, Ontario*
1950 Toronto Marlboros Calgary Stampeders 4-1 Calgary, Alberta*
1951 Owen Sound Mercurys Fort Frances Canadians 4-3 Owen Sound, Ontario
1952 Stratford Indians Fort Frances Canadians 2-4 Fort Frances, Ontario
1953 Kitchener-Waterloo Flying Dutchmen Penticton V's 4-1 Kitchener, Ontario
1954 Sudbury Wolves Penticton V's 3-4 Penticton, British Columbia*
1955 Kitchener-Waterloo Flying Dutchmen Fort William Beavers 4-1 Kitchener, Ontario
1956 Chatham Maroons Vernon Canadians 1-4 Vernon, British Columbia*
1957 Whitby Dunlops Spokane Flyers 4-0 Toronto, Ontario
1958 Belleville McFarlands Kelowna Packers 4-3 Kelowna, British Columbia*
1959 Whitby Dunlops Vernon Canadians 4-0 Toronto, Ontario
1960 Chatham Maroons Trail Smoke Eaters 4-0-1 Trail, British Columbia
1961 Galt Terriers Winnipeg Maroons 4-1 Galt, Ontario
1962 Montreal Olympics Trail Smoke Eaters 1-4 Trail, British Columbia
1963 Windsor Bulldogs Winnipeg Maroons 4-1 Windsor, Ontario
1964 Woodstock Athletics Winnipeg Maroons 0-4 Winnipeg, Manitoba
1965 Sherbrooke Beavers Nelson Maple Leafs 4-0 Sherbrooke, Quebec
1966 Sherbrooke Beavers Drumheller Miners 2-4 Calgary, Alberta
1967 Drummondville Eagles Calgary Spurs 4-0 Drummondville, Quebec
1968 Victoriaville Tigres St. Boniface Mohawks 4-1 Winnipeg, Manitoba
1969 Galt Hornets Calgary Stampeders 4-0 Galt, Ontario
1970 Orillia Terriers Spokane Jets 2-4 Spokane, Washington
1971 Galt Hornets Calgary Stampeders 4-0 Galt, Ontario
1972 Barrie Flyers Spokane Jets 2-4 Spokane, Washington*
1973 Orillia Terriers St. Boniface Mohawks 4-1 Orillia, Ontario
1974 Barrie Flyers Cranbrook Royals 4-2 Cranbrook, British Columbia
1975 Barrie Flyers Thunder Bay Twins 2-4 Thunder Bay, Ontario
1976 Barrie Flyers Spokane Flyers 0-4 Spokane, Washington
1977 Brantford Alexanders Spokane Flyers 4-1 Brantford, Ontario
1978 Brantford Alexanders Kimberley Dynamiters 1-4 Kimberley, British Columbia
1979 Petrolia Squires Steinbach Huskies 4-1 Sarnia, Ontario
1980 Cambridge Hornets Spokane Flyers 0-4 Spokane, Washington
Year Champion Runner-Up Final Score Location
1981 Petrolia Squires St. Boniface Mohawks 5-1 Thunder Bay, Ontario
Year Eastern Finalist Western Finalist Series Primary Location
1982 Petrolia Squires Cranbrook Royals 1-4 Cranbrook, British Columbia
1983 Cambridge Hornets St. Boniface Mohawks 4-0 Cambridge, Ontario
1984 Cambridge Hornets Thunder Bay Twins 1-4 Thunder Bay, Ontario
1985 Corner Brook Royals Thunder Bay Twins 3-4 Corner Brook, Newfoundland
1986 Corner Brook Royals Nelson Maple Leafs 4-0 Nelson, British Columbia
1987 Brantford Motts Clamatos Nelson Maple Leafs 4-0 Brampton, Ontario
1988 Charlottetown Islanders Thunder Bay Twins 0-4 Thunder Bay, Ontario
Year Champion Runner-Up Final Series Location
1989 Thunder Bay Twins St. Boniface Mohawks 2-0 (Best-of-3) Thunder Bay, Ontario
Year Eastern Finalist Western Finalist Series Primary Location
1990 Montreal-Chomedy Construction Abbotsford Flyers 4-2 Vaudreuil, Quebec
1991 Charlottetown Islanders Thunder Bay Twins 4-0 Thunder Bay, Ontario
Year Champion Runner-Up Final Score Location
1992 Saint John Vito's Stony Plain Eagles 6-2 Saint John, New Brunswick
1993 Whitehorse Huskies Quesnel Kangaroos 7-4 Quesnel, British Columbia
1994 Warroad Lakers St. Boniface Mohawks 5-2 Warroad, Minnesota
1995 Warroad Lakers Stony Plain Eagles 3-2 Stony Plain, Alberta
1996 Warroad Lakers Stony Plain Eagles 6-1 Unity, Saskatchewan
1997 Powell River Regals Warroad Lakers 7-3 Powell River, British Columbia
1998 Truro Bearcats London Admirals 6-1 Truro, Nova Scotia
1999 Stony Plain Eagles Powell River Regals 6-3 Stony Plain, Alberta
2000 Powell River Regals Lloydminster Border Kings 4-1 Lloydminster, Saskatchewan
2001 Lloydminster Border Kings Petrolia Squires 7-2 Sarnia, Ontario
2002 St-Georges Garaga Stony Plain Eagles 4-2 Powell River, British Columbia
2003 Île-des-Chênes North Stars Stony Plain Eagles 3-2 (2OT) Dundas, Ontario
2004 St-Georges Garaga Ministikwan Islanders 5-0 Saint-Georges, Quebec
2005 Thunder Bay Bombers Montmagny Sentinelles 4-3 Lloydminster, Saskatchewan
2006 Powell River Regals Whitby Dunlops 7-1 Powell River, British Columbia
2007 Lloydminster Border Kings Whitby Dunlops 4-3 Stony Plain, Alberta
2008 Brantford Blast Bentley Generals 3-1 Brantford, Ontario
2009 Bentley Generals South East Prairie Thunder 4-3 (2OT) Steinbach, Manitoba
2010 Fort St. John Flyers Bentley Generals 4-1 Fort St. John, British Columbia
2011 Clarenville Caribous Bentley Generals 5-3 Kenora, Ontario
2012 South East Prairie Thunder Rosetown Red Wings 4-1 Lloydminster, Saskatchewan
2013 Bentley Generals Clarenville Caribous 3-0 Red Deer, Alberta
2014 Dundas Real McCoys Clarenville Caribous 3-2 (2OT) Dundas, Ontario
2015 South East Prairie Thunder Bentley Generals 2-0 Clarenville, Newfoundland and Labrador
2016 Bentley Generals South East Prairie Thunder 4-3 (OT) Steinbach, Manitoba
2017 Grand Falls-Windsor Cataracts Lacombe Generals 7-4 Bouctouche, New Brunswick
2018 Stoney Creek Generals Lacombe Generals 7-4 Rosetown, Saskatchewan
2019 Lacombe Generals Innisfail Eagles 5-2 Lacombe, Alberta

{*} denotes event held in multiple locations. Applicable locations are listed on the event's specific article.

Most championships by province[edit]

This is a list of champions by province, territory, or state.

Allan Cups by Province/State
Rank Region Championships
1 Ontario 50
2 Manitoba 12
3 British Columbia 11
4 Quebec 9
5 Alberta 8*
6 Saskatchewan 4*
- Washington 4
8 Minnesota 3
- New Brunswick 3
10 Newfoundland and Labrador 3
- Nova Scotia 2
11 Prince Edward Island 1
- Yukon 1

(*) Two championships won by teams from Lloydminster are included only in the total for Saskatchewan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Allan Cup Archives". Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Cup For Amateurs". Montreal Gazette. February 20, 1909. p. 2.
  3. ^ "Quilty Succeeds "Toby" Sexsmith as Hockey Leader". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. March 29, 1924. p. 19.Free to read
  4. ^ "Canadian Hockey Association Officials Reach Decision". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. February 25, 1925. p. 12.Free to read
  5. ^ Fleury 2009, p. 286.

External links[edit]