Allan Cup

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Allan Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2018 Allan Cup
Allan Cup.jpg
Sport Ice hockey
Inaugural season 1909
Most recent
champion(s)
Stoney Creek Generals (2018)
Most titles Port Arthur Bearcats/Thunder Bay Twins (9)
TV partner(s) TSN
Official website HockeyCanada.ca

The Allan Cup is the trophy awarded annually to the national senior amateur men’s ice hockey champions of Canada. It was donated by Sir Montague Allan of Ravenscrag, Montreal, and has been competed for since 1909. The current champions are the Stoney Creek Generals, who captured the 2018 Allan Cup in Rosetown, Saskatchewan.

History[edit]

In 1908, a split occurred in the competition of ice hockey in Canada. The top amateur teams left the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association, which allowed professionals, to form the new Inter-Provincial Amateur Hockey Union (IPAHU), a purely amateur league. The trustees of the Stanley Cup decided that the Cup would be awarded to the professional ice champion, meaning there was no corresponding trophy for the amateur championship of Canada. The Allan Cup was donated in early 1909 by Montreal businessman and Montreal Amateur Athletic Association president Sir H. Montagu Allan to be presented to the amateur champions of Canada. It was to be ruled like the Stanley Cup had, passed by champion to champion by league championship or challenge.[1][2] Three trustees were named to administer the trophy: Sir Edward Clouston, President of the Bank of Montreal, Dr. H. B. Yates of McGill University, (donor of the Yates Cup to the Intercollegiate Rugby Union in 1898) and Graham Drinkwater, four-time Stanley Cup champion.

The trophy was originally presented to the Victoria Hockey Club of Montreal, Quebec, members of the IPAHU, to award to the champions of the IPAHU.[2] The first IPAHU champion, and by extension, first winner of the Cup was the Ottawa Cliffsides hockey club. After the season, the Cliffsides were defeated in the first-ever challenge by the Queen’s University hockey club of Kingston, Ontario.

In the early years, trustees of the Cup quickly came to appreciate the difficulties of organizing a national competition in so large a country. In 1914, at the suggestion of one of the trustees, Claude Robinson, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) was formed as a national governing body for the sport. One of the CAHA's first decisions, in 1915, was to replace the challenge system with a series of national playoffs. Starting in 1920, the Allan Cup champion team would represent Canada in amateur play at the Olympics and World Championships. This was discontinued in the 1960s with the introduction of the Canadian national team.

In 1928 the trustees turned over responsibility for the Cup to the CAHA. By 1951, many senior teams had become semi-professional or professional. In 1951, the CAHA set up a "major league" of competition from the semi-pro and professional senior leagues. The leagues would no longer compete for the Allan Cup, but would compete for the new Alexander Cup. The Allan Cup would be competed for on a more purely amateur basis from teams in smaller centres of Canada. The major league concept broke up by 1953, and the Alexander Cup competition was retired after 1954.

Since 1984 the Allan Cup has been competed for by teams in the Senior AAA category. Although interest in senior ice hockey has diminished over its history, the Cup retains an important place in Canadian ice hockey.[3] The Cup championship is determined in an annual tournament held in the city or town of a host team, playing off against regional champions.

The Cup has been won by teams from every province and from the Yukon, as well as by two teams from the United States which played in Canadian leagues. The city with the most Allan Cup championships is Thunder Bay with 10, including four won as Port Arthur before the city's amalgamation. The original Cup has been retired to the Hockey Hall of Fame, and a replica is presented to the champions.

Allan Cup championships[edit]

Challenges[edit]

Listed are all of the challenges of the early years of the Allan Cup, bolded are the final winner of the season.

Allan Cup Challenge Series
Year Champion Finalist Goal total Location
1909 Ontario Ottawa Cliffsides Initial Champion, as IPAHU Champions
Ontario Queen's Golden Gaels Ontario Ottawa Cliffsides 5-4 (1 gm) Ontario Ottawa, Ontario
1910 Ontario Queen's Golden Gaels Quebec McGill Redmen 7-2 (1 gm) Ontario Ottawa, Ontario
Ontario Queen's Golden Gaels Ontario Ottawa Cliffsides 6-3 (1 gm) Ontario Kingston, Ontario
Ontario Toronto St. Michael's Majors Ontario Queen's Golden Gaels 5-4 (1 gm) Ontario Kingston, Ontario
Ontario Toronto St. Michael's Majors Quebec Sherbrooke 8-3 (1 gm) Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1911 Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Ontario Toronto St. Michael's Majors Default
Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Ontario Kenora Thistles 16-10 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1912 Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Alberta Calgary Athletic Club 19-6 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Ontario Toronto Eatons 24-5 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Saskatchewan Regina Capitals 9-3 (1 gm) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1913 Manitoba Winnipeg Hockey Club Awarded as ManHL Champions
Manitoba Winnipeg Hockey Club Saskatchewan Moose Jaw Moose 16-3 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba Winnipeg Hockey Club Alberta Edmonton Eskimos 18-8 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1914 Manitoba Winnipeg Monarchs Awarded as ManHL Champions
Manitoba Winnipeg Monarchs Ontario Kenora Thistles 6-2 (1 gm) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Saskatchewan Regina Victorias Manitoba Winnipeg Monarchs 5-4 (1 gm) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Saskatchewan Regina Victorias Quebec Grand-Mère 10-5 (2 gms) Saskatchewan Regina, Saskatchewan
1915 Saskatchewan Melville Millionaires Awarded as SSHL Champions
Saskatchewan Melville Millionaires Saskatchewan Prince Albert Mintos 15-13 (2 gms) Saskatchewan Melville/Prince Albert, Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Melville Millionaires Ontario Toronto Victorias 15-11 (2 gms) Saskatchewan Melville, Saskatchewan
Manitoba Winnipeg Monarchs Saskatchewan Melville Millionaires 7-6 (2 gms) Saskatchewan Melville, Saskatchewan
1916 Manitoba Winnipeg 61st Battalion Manitoba Winnipeg Monarchs 11-10 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba Winnipeg 61st Battalion Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias 5-3 (1 gm) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba Winnipeg 61st Battalion Ontario Fort William 8-6 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba Winnipeg 61st Battalion Saskatchewan Regina Victorias 13-3 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1917 Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Awarded as WPL Champions
Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Manitoba Winnipeg Union Canadienne 22-11 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Manitoba Winnipeg 221st Battalion 11-5 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias Ontario Port Arthur 141st Battalion 10-5 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
Ontario Toronto Dentals Manitoba Winnipeg Victorias 13-12 (2 gms) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1918 Ontario Kitchener Greenshirts Ontario Toronto Dentals 7-4 (2 gms) Ontario Kitchener/Toronto, Ontario
Ontario Kitchener Greenshirts Ontario Port Arthur Columbus Club 20-2 (1 gm) Ontario Toronto, Ontario
Ontario Kitchener Greenshirts Manitoba Winnipeg Ypres 6-4 (2 gms) Ontario Toronto, Ontario

Playoffs[edit]

Allan Cup Final Series/Round Robins
Year Eastern Finalist Western Finalist Series Primary Location
1919 Ontario Hamilton Tigers Manitoba Winnipeg Selkirks 7-6 (gls) Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1920 Ontario University of Toronto Manitoba Winnipeg Falcons 5-11 (gls) Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1921 Ontario University of Toronto Manitoba Brandon 8-3 (gls) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1922 Ontario Toronto Granites Saskatchewan Regina Victorias 13-2 (gls) Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1923 Ontario Toronto Granites Saskatchewan University of Saskatchewan 11-2 (gls) Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1924 Ontario Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Manitoba Winnipeg Selkirks 6-3 (gls) Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1925 Ontario University of Toronto Ontario Port Arthur Bearcats 0-2 Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1926 Ontario University of Toronto Ontario Port Arthur Bearcats 1-2-1 Ontario Toronto, Ontario*
1927 Ontario University of Toronto Grads Ontario Fort William Thundering Herd 2-1-1 British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia
1928 Quebec Montreal Victorias Manitoba University of Manitoba Bisons 1-2 Ontario Ottawa, Ontario
1929 Quebec Montreal St-Francois Xavier Ontario Port Arthur Bearcats 0-2-1 Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1930 Quebec Montreal Hockey Club Ontario Port Arthur Bearcats 2-0 Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1931 Ontario Hamilton Tigers Manitoba Winnipeg Hockey Club 0-2 Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1932 Ontario Toronto National Sea Fleas Ontario Fort William Blues 2-0 Quebec Montreal, Quebec
1933 New Brunswick Moncton Hawks Saskatchewan Saskatoon Quakers 2-0 British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia
1934 New Brunswick Moncton Hawks Ontario Fort William Beavers 2-1 Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1935 Nova Scotia Halifax Wolverines Ontario Port Arthur Bearcats 2-0 Nova Scotia Halifax, NS
1936 Ontario Sudbury Falcons British Columbia Kimberley Dynamiters 0-2 Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1937 Ontario Sudbury Tigers Saskatchewan North Battleford Beavers 3-2 Alberta Calgary, Alberta
1938 Ontario Cornwall Flyers British Columbia Trail Smoke Eaters 1-3 Alberta Calgary, Alberta
1939 Quebec Royal Montreal Hockey Club Ontario Port Arthur Bearcats 1-3 Quebec Montreal, Quebec
1940 Ontario Kirkland Lake Blue Devils Alberta Calgary Stampeders 3-0 Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1941 Nova Scotia Sydney Millionaires Saskatchewan Regina Rangers 2-3-1 Saskatchewan Regina, Saskatchewan
1942 Ontario Ottawa RCAF Flyers Ontario Port Arthur Bearcats 3-2 Ontario Ottawa, Ontario*
1943 Ontario Ottawa Army Commandos British Columbia Victoria Army 3-1 Alberta Calgary, Alberta*
1944 Quebec Quebec Aces Ontario Port Arthur Shipbuilders 3-0 Quebec Quebec City, Quebec
1944-45 Competition was Suspended due to World War II
1946 Ontario Hamilton Tigers Alberta Calgary Stampeders 1-4 Alberta Calgary, Alberta*
1947 Quebec Royal Montreal Hockey Club Alberta Calgary Stampeders 4-3 Quebec Montreal, Quebec*
1948 Ontario Ottawa Senators Alberta Edmonton Flyers 1-4 Alberta Edmonton, Alberta*
1949 Ontario Ottawa Senators Saskatchewan Regina Capitals 4-1 Ontario Ottawa, Ontario*
1950 Ontario Toronto Marlboros Alberta Calgary Stampeders 4-1 Alberta Calgary, Alberta*
1951 Ontario Owen Sound Mercurys Ontario Fort Frances Canadians 4-3 Ontario Owen Sound, Ontario
1952 Ontario Stratford Indians Ontario Fort Frances Canadians 2-4 Ontario Fort Frances, Ontario
1953 Ontario Kitchener-Waterloo Flying Dutchmen British Columbia Penticton V's 4-1 Ontario Kitchener, Ontario
1954 Ontario Sudbury Wolves British Columbia Penticton V's 3-4 British Columbia Penticton, British Columbia*
1955 Ontario Kitchener-Waterloo Flying Dutchmen Ontario Fort William Beavers 4-1 Ontario Kitchener, Ontario
1956 Ontario Chatham Maroons British Columbia Vernon Canadians 1-4 British Columbia Vernon, British Columbia*
1957 Ontario Whitby Dunlops Washington (state) Spokane Flyers 4-0 Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1958 Ontario Belleville McFarlands British Columbia Kelowna Packers 4-3 British Columbia Kelowna, British Columbia*
1959 Ontario Whitby Dunlops British Columbia Vernon Canadians 4-0 Ontario Toronto, Ontario
1960 Ontario Chatham Maroons British Columbia Trail Smoke Eaters 4-0-1 British Columbia Trail, British Columbia
1961 Ontario Galt Terriers Manitoba Winnipeg Maroons 4-1 Ontario Galt, Ontario
1962 Quebec Montreal Olympics British Columbia Trail Smoke Eaters 1-4 British Columbia Trail, British Columbia
1963 Ontario Windsor Bulldogs Manitoba Winnipeg Maroons 4-1 Ontario Windsor, Ontario
1964 Ontario Woodstock Athletics Manitoba Winnipeg Maroons 0-4 Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1965 Quebec Sherbrooke Beavers British Columbia Nelson Maple Leafs 4-0 Quebec Sherbrooke, Quebec
1966 Quebec Sherbrooke Beavers Alberta Drumheller Miners 2-4 Alberta Calgary, Alberta
1967 Quebec Drummondville Eagles Alberta Calgary Spurs 4-0 Quebec Drummondville, Quebec
1968 Quebec Victoriaville Tigres Manitoba St. Boniface Mohawks 4-1 Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1969 Ontario Galt Hornets Alberta Calgary Stampeders 4-0 Ontario Galt, Ontario
1970 Ontario Orillia Terriers Washington (state) Spokane Jets 2-4 Washington (state) Spokane, WA
1971 Ontario Galt Hornets Alberta Calgary Stampeders 4-0 Ontario Galt, Ontario
1972 Ontario Barrie Flyers Washington (state) Spokane Jets 2-4 Washington (state) Spokane, WA*
1973 Ontario Orillia Terriers Manitoba St. Boniface Mohawks 4-1 Ontario Orillia, Ontario
1974 Ontario Barrie Flyers British Columbia Cranbrook Royals 4-2 British Columbia Cranbrook, British Columbia
1975 Ontario Barrie Flyers Ontario Thunder Bay Twins 2-4 Ontario Thunder Bay, Ontario
1976 Ontario Barrie Flyers Washington (state) Spokane Flyers 0-4 Washington (state) Spokane, WA
1977 Ontario Brantford Alexanders Washington (state) Spokane Flyers 4-1 Ontario Brantford, Ontario
1978 Ontario Brantford Alexanders British Columbia Kimberley Dynamiters 1-4 British Columbia Kimberley, British Columbia
1979 Ontario Petrolia Squires Manitoba Steinbach Huskies 4-1 Ontario Sarnia, Ontario
1980 Ontario Cambridge Hornets Washington (state) Spokane Flyers 0-4 Washington (state) Spokane, WA
Year Champion Runner-Up Final Score Location
1981 Ontario Petrolia Squires Manitoba St. Boniface Mohawks 5-1 Ontario Thunder Bay, Ontario
Year Eastern Finalist Western Finalist Series Primary Location
1982 Ontario Petrolia Squires British Columbia Cranbrook Royals 1-4 British Columbia Cranbrook, British Columbia
1983 Ontario Cambridge Hornets Manitoba St. Boniface Mohawks 4-0 Ontario Cambridge, Ontario
1984 Ontario Cambridge Hornets Ontario Thunder Bay Twins 1-4 Ontario Thunder Bay, Ontario
1985 Newfoundland and Labrador Corner Brook Royals Ontario Thunder Bay Twins 3-4 Newfoundland and Labrador Corner Brook, NL
1986 Newfoundland and Labrador Corner Brook Royals British Columbia Nelson Maple Leafs 4-0 British Columbia Nelson, British Columbia
1987 Ontario Brantford Motts Clamatos British Columbia Nelson Maple Leafs 4-0 Ontario Brampton, Ontario
1988 Prince Edward Island Charlottetown Islanders Ontario Thunder Bay Twins 0-4 Ontario Thunder Bay, Ontario
Year Champion Runner-Up Final Series Location
1989 Ontario Thunder Bay Twins Manitoba St. Boniface Mohawks 2-0 (Best-of-3) Ontario Thunder Bay, Ontario
Year Eastern Finalist Western Finalist Series Primary Location
1990 Quebec Montreal-Chomedy Construction British Columbia Abbotsford Flyers 4-2 Quebec Vaudreuil, Quebec
1991 Prince Edward Island Charlottetown Islanders Ontario Thunder Bay Twins 4-0 Ontario Thunder Bay, Ontario
Year Champion Runner-Up Final Score Location
1992 New Brunswick Saint John Vito's Alberta Stony Plain Eagles 6-2 New Brunswick Saint John, New Brunswick
1993 Yukon Whitehorse Huskies British Columbia Quesnel Kangaroos 7-4 British Columbia Quesnel, British Columbia
1994 Minnesota Warroad Lakers Manitoba St. Boniface Mohawks 5-2 Minnesota Warroad, MN
1995 Minnesota Warroad Lakers Alberta Stony Plain Eagles 3-2 Alberta Stony Plain, Alberta
1996 Minnesota Warroad Lakers Alberta Stony Plain Eagles 6-1 Saskatchewan Unity, Saskatchewan
1997 British Columbia Powell River Regals Minnesota Warroad Lakers 7-3 British Columbia Powell River, British Columbia
1998 Nova Scotia Truro Bearcats Ontario London Admirals 6-1 Nova Scotia Truro, Nova Scotia
1999 Alberta Stony Plain Eagles British Columbia Powell River Regals 6-3 Alberta Stony Plain, Alberta
2000 British Columbia Powell River Regals Saskatchewan Lloydminster Border Kings 4-1 Saskatchewan Lloydminster, Saskatchewan
2001 Saskatchewan Lloydminster Border Kings Ontario Petrolia Squires 7-2 Ontario Sarnia, Ontario
2002 Quebec St-Georges Garaga Alberta Stony Plain Eagles 4-2 British Columbia Powell River, British Columbia
2003 Manitoba Île-des-Chênes North Stars Alberta Stony Plain Eagles 3-2 (2OT) Ontario Dundas, Ontario
2004 Quebec St-Georges Garaga Saskatchewan Ministikwan Islanders 5-0 Quebec Saint-Georges, Quebec
2005 Ontario Thunder Bay Bombers Quebec Montmagny Sentinelles 4-3 Saskatchewan Lloydminster, Saskatchewan
2006 British Columbia Powell River Regals Ontario Whitby Dunlops 7-1 British Columbia Powell River, British Columbia
2007 Saskatchewan Lloydminster Border Kings Ontario Whitby Dunlops 4-3 Alberta Stony Plain, Alberta
2008 Ontario Brantford Blast Alberta Bentley Generals 3-1 Ontario Brantford, Ontario
2009 Alberta Bentley Generals Manitoba South East Prairie Thunder 4-3 (2OT) Manitoba Steinbach, Manitoba
2010 British Columbia Fort St. John Flyers Alberta Bentley Generals 4-1 British Columbia Fort St. John, British Columbia
2011 Newfoundland and Labrador Clarenville Caribous Alberta Bentley Generals 5-3 Ontario Kenora, Ontario
2012 Manitoba South East Prairie Thunder Saskatchewan Rosetown Red Wings 4-1 Saskatchewan Lloydminster, Saskatchewan
2013 Alberta Bentley Generals Newfoundland and Labrador Clarenville Caribous 3-0 Alberta Red Deer, Alberta
2014 Ontario Dundas Real McCoys Newfoundland and Labrador Clarenville Caribous 3-2 (2OT) Ontario Dundas, Ontario
2015 Manitoba South East Prairie Thunder Alberta Bentley Generals 2-0 Newfoundland and Labrador Clarenville, Newfoundland and Labrador
2016 Alberta Bentley Generals Manitoba South East Prairie Thunder 4-3 (OT) Manitoba Steinbach, Manitoba
2017 Newfoundland and Labrador Grand Falls-Windsor Cataracts Alberta Lacombe Generals 7-4 New Brunswick Bouctouche, New Brunswick
2018 Ontario Stoney Creek Generals Alberta Lacombe Generals 7-4 Saskatchewan Rosetown, SK
2019 Alberta Lacombe, AB

{*} denotes event held in multiple locations. Applicable locations are listed on the event's specific article.

Most championships by province[edit]

This is a list of champions by province, territory, or state.

Allan Cups by Province/State
Rank Region Championships
1 Ontario Ontario 50
2 Manitoba Manitoba 12
3 British Columbia British Columbia 11
4 Quebec Quebec 9
5 Alberta Alberta 7*
6 Saskatchewan Saskatchewan 4*
- Washington (state) Washington 4
8 Minnesota Minnesota 3
- New Brunswick New Brunswick 3
10 Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador 3
- Nova Scotia Nova Scotia 2
11 Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island 1
- Yukon Yukon 1

(*) Two championships won by teams from Lloydminster are included only in the total for Saskatchewan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Allan Cup Archives". Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Cup For Amateurs". Montreal Gazette. February 20, 1909. p. 2. 
  3. ^ Fleury 2009, p. 286.

External links[edit]