Allan Herschell Company

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A 1920s Allan Herschell Company merry-go-round at Trail Dust Town

The Allan Herschell Company specialized in the creation of amusement rides, particularly carousels and roller coasters. The company manufactured portable machines which could be used by traveling carnival operators. It was started in 1915 in the town of North Tonawanda, just outside Buffalo, New York, US.

History[edit]

Previous companies[edit]

Herschell, together with James Armitage, created the Armitage Herschell Company in 1873. In 1883, his son William traveled to London, England, to meet former Limonaire Frères employee Eugene de Kleist. Backed by Armitage Herschell, in 1888 De Kleist set up band organ production in North Tonawanda, founding the North Tonawanda Barrel Organ Factory.[1] The company produced a range of barrell-organ based products, suited for all ranges of fairground attraction.

Armitage Herschell remained in operation until the early 1900s. The company carved many portable carousels, made simple in style. Surviving steam riding galleries are located in Mississippi and Maine. In 1901, Herschell left the Armitage Herschell Company due to financial complications, thus allowing De Kliest to buy the pair out, and seek new investment from his association with Rudolph Wurlitzer.

Herschell created the Herschell Spillman Company with his in-laws, the Spillmans. Herschell Spillman started out creating and carving carousels in a traditional style, but later branching out to create larger park machines, such as elaborate carousels with many types of animals. Surviving carousels can be found in California, Michigan, and Maryland. The Herschell–Spillman Motor Company Complex at North Tonawanda was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013.[2]

The company later dropped Herschell's name and was known as the Spillman Engineering Company. The company continued to make the same style of carousel, though later it focused more on horses with a few menagerie styled machines. Surviving carousels can be seen in North Carolina and the Strong National Museum of Play in Rochester, New York.

Fourth and final company[edit]

The last company Herschell created was his own, competing with the Spillman Engineering Company, in 1915. Herschell specialized in horses with rigid poses and portable machines, which enabled them to be packed and shipped easily between towns. Herschell produced over 3,000 carved wooden carousels, which were shipped all over the United States and Canada, as well as other countries such as Mexico, South Africa, and India.[citation needed]

The factory was bought in 1915 and is located on Thompson Street in North Tonawanda. It is one of the last factory complexes in the United States which contained the production of wooden carousels. The complex was expanded to meet the growing company's needs. The building contains a large carving shop, a woodworking shop, a paint shop, a storage area, an upholstery shop, a machine shop and a roundhouse where the carousels were assembled and tested.[citation needed]

Herschell didn't create just carousel rides, but expanded to include rides made for children and adults. He thought up the concept for rides specialized for small children, called "Kiddieland." Twister, Hurricane, Flying Bobs, and the Sky Wheel were thrill rides catered towards adults.[citation needed]

The company moved to Buffalo, New York, in the 1950s, and in 1970, it merged with rival amusement park company Chance Manufacturing of Wichita, Kansas.[3]

Herschell Carrousel Factory Museum[edit]

The Herschell Carrousel Factory Museum, at the original factory site on Thompson Street, opened to the general public in July 1983,[4] with a full operational carousel from 1916. The first floor of the factory has been opened up to provide exhibits and demonstrations. Different programs are offered, such as woodcarving of various skill levels, guided tours, and a summer lecture series. Special programs, such as Youth Volunteer Program and Neighborhood Partners Program are offered to young people and local elementary school children.

Surviving Allan Herschell Company rides[edit]

Carousels[edit]

Roller coasters[edit]

This lists the 31 current surviving Allan Herschell roller coasters.[12] Below is a list in a table format as noted on RCDB:

Roller coaster Amusement park Status
Little Leaper Lakemont Park SBNO[13]
Little Dipper Frasier's Frontier SBNO[14]
Monster Mouse Amusement Park Drive In SBNO[15]
Little Dipper Conneaut Lake Park Operating[16]
Little Dipper Little Amerricka Operating[17]
Mad Mouse Joyland Amusement Park Operating[18]
Mad Mouse Little Amerricka Operating[19]
Little Dipper Sandy Lake Amusement Park Operating[20]
Roller Coaster Magic Forest Park Operating[21]
Little Dipper Memphis Kiddie Park Operating[22]
Little Dipper Quassy Amusement Park Operating[23]
Little Dipper Midway Park Operating[24]
Renegade Southern Adventures Operating[25]
Little Fire Ball Kiddie Park Operating[26]
Little Dipper Tuscora Park Operating[27]
Little Dipper Amusement Park Drive In Operating[28]
Swing's Safari Express Shining Waters Family Fun Park Operating[29]
Unknown Parque Eme Operating[30]
Range YesterLand Farm Operating[31]
Wild Kitty Frontier City Operating[32]
Roller Coaster Huck Finn's Playland Operating[33]
Run Away Mine Cars Donley's Wild West Town Operating[34]
Unknown Greeley County Fairgrounds Operating[35]
Roller Coaster Blue Mountain Go Karts Operating[36]
Roller Coaster Funland Amusement Park Operating[37]
Safari Sheridan County Fairgrounds Operating[38]
Roller Coaster Wallace County Fairgrounds Operating[39]
Lil Dipper Roller Coaster Sluggers & Putters Operating[40]
Unknown Holland Speedway Operating[41]
Western Train L'ile Aux Enfants Operating[42]
Unknown Deadwood In Storage[43]

Trains[edit]

S-24 Iron Horse 24" gauge train at Van Saun County Park in Paramus, New Jersey
  • G-12 12" inch gauge miniature train[44]
  • G-16 16" inch gauge miniature train[44]
  • S-16 1865 16" inch gauge miniature train[44]
  • S-24 Iron Horse 24" inch gauge miniature train[44]

Other rides[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tim Trager (20 April 2008). "Some History on Limonaire Freres And Its Famous Band Organs". Carousel News. Retrieved 20 April 2008. 
  2. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/17/13 through 6/21/13. National Park Service. 2013-06-28. 
  3. ^ Chance, Harold (2004). The Book of Chance. Wichita, Kansas: Wichita Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-9649065-0-3. 
  4. ^ Herschell Carrousel Factory Museum - The Museum
  5. ^ Funshine Amusements homepage
  6. ^ "McCormick-Stillman Railroad Park - Scottsdale Charro Carousel". Retrieved April 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "National Carousel Association". Retrieved April 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ harpermotors.com
  9. ^ The NCA Census of Operating North American Carousels
  10. ^ James E. Jacobsen. "Herschel-Spillman Two-Row Portable Menagerie Carousel" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-02-06.  with photos
  11. ^ "Cheyenne Mountain Zoo's Historic Carousel". Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  12. ^ https://rcdb.com/r.htm?ot=2&co=6872&page=1&order=-31
  13. ^ https://rcdb.com/244.htm
  14. ^ https://rcdb.com/397.htm
  15. ^ https://rcdb.com/4345.htm
  16. ^ https://rcdb.com/250.htm
  17. ^ https://rcdb.com/269.htm
  18. ^ https://rcdb.com/312.htm
  19. ^ https://rcdb.com/330.htm
  20. ^ https://rcdb.com/372.htm
  21. ^ https://rcdb.com/612.htm
  22. ^ https://rcdb.com/635.htm
  23. ^ https://rcdb.com/677.htm
  24. ^ https://rcdb.com/716.htm
  25. ^ https://rcdb.com/1654.htm
  26. ^ https://rcdb.com/1765.htm
  27. ^ https://rcdb.com/1783.htm
  28. ^ https://rcdb.com/4344.htm
  29. ^ https://rcdb.com/4517.htm
  30. ^ https://rcdb.com/6755.htm
  31. ^ https://rcdb.com/7436.htm
  32. ^ https://rcdb.com/9344.htm
  33. ^ https://rcdb.com/10196.htm
  34. ^ https://rcdb.com/10754.htm
  35. ^ https://rcdb.com/10859.htm
  36. ^ https://rcdb.com/10908.htm
  37. ^ https://rcdb.com/11523.htm
  38. ^ https://rcdb.com/11989.htm
  39. ^ https://rcdb.com/11991.htm
  40. ^ https://rcdb.com/12855.htm
  41. ^ https://rcdb.com/13925.htm
  42. ^ https://rcdb.com/14102.htm
  43. ^ https://rcdb.com/9271.htm
  44. ^ a b c d A Brief History of the Allan Herschell S-24 "Iron Horse"
  45. ^ a b "Operating Classic Amusement Park Rides". National Amusement Park Historical Association. Retrieved May 26, 2014. 

External links[edit]