Allanche

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Allanche
View from Chavanon
View from Chavanon
Coat of arms of Allanche
Coat of arms
Allanche is located in France
Allanche
Allanche
Coordinates: 45°13′48″N 2°56′07″E / 45.23°N 2.9353°E / 45.23; 2.9353Coordinates: 45°13′48″N 2°56′07″E / 45.23°N 2.9353°E / 45.23; 2.9353
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Cantal
Arrondissement Saint-Flour
Canton Allanche
Intercommunality Cézallier
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Christian Léoty
Area1 49.89 km2 (19.26 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 891
 • Density 18/km2 (46/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 15001 / 15160
Elevation 784–1,295 m (2,572–4,249 ft)
(avg. 968 m or 3,176 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Allanche is a French commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Allanchois or Allanchoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Allanche is located some 70 km south of Clermont-Ferrand and 20 km east by southeast of Massiac. It can be accessed by the D679 from Marcenat in the northwest to the village then south to Sainte-Anastasie. The D39 comes from Pradiers in the north through the village then south to Chalinargues. The D9 road branches off the D3 to the west of the commune and passes through the village continuing to the northeast. Apart from the village there are a number of hamlets. These are:

  • Chastre
  • Chavanon
  • Coudour
  • Feydit
  • Le Bac Bas
  • Le Bac Haut
  • Les Cites
  • Maillargues
  • Roche Haut
  • Romaniargues

The commune is largely farmland with patches of forest and the edge of a large forest in the east.[2]

The Allanche river flows from the northwest through the village and continues southeast to feed the Alagnon river. Many tributaries feed the Allanche in the commune including the Ruisseau de Laneyrat, the Ruisseau de Coudoun, the Ruisseau de Chavanon, the Ruisseau de Vernois, and other unnamed streams.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Allanche
Blazon:

Or, two keys saltirewise in sable.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

Mayors from 1941
From To Name Party Position
1941 1944 Léon Parlier
1944 1948 Jules Eugène Farradeche
1948 1971 Maurice Peschaud
1971 1995 Pierre Jarry
1995 2001 Christian LÉOTY
2001 2008 André Papon
2008 2020 Christian Léoty SE

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 891 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
2,497 2,020 2,508 2,394 2,501 2,534 2,605 2,583 2,356
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
2,288 2,125 2,056 1,839 1,959 1,987 2,013 1,885 1,890
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,996 1,760 1,809 1,889 1,687 1,792 1,646 1,536 1,467
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2008 2010
1,478 1,513 1,398 1,286 1,220 1,101 947 903 891

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Allanche

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The former Château de Mercoeur (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[4]
  • At Allanche station from May to September there is the Vélorail Cézallier for tourists.
  • In the south-west of the commune are the Pinatelle Allanche mountains.

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has two religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Church of Saint-Julien-de-Chanet (12th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5] The church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • The main Altar and Retable (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[6]
    • A Statue: Virgin and child (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]
    • A Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[8]
    • A Painting: the Adoration of the Magi (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]
    • Bas-reliefs (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[10]
  • The Church of Saint John the Baptist (12th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11] The church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Sculpture: Ecce homo (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]
    • An Eagle Lectern (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[13]
    • A Bronze Bell (1671)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[14]
    • A set of Pews (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[15]
    • A Reliquary-Monstrance (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
    • A Processional Cross (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[17]
Other religious sites of interest
  • The Presbytery contains a Reliquary (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg that is registered as an historical object.[18]
  • The Church of Chanet contains a Processional Cross (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[19]

Church of Saint John the Baptist Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Our Auvergne ancestors, the Auvergne migration to Brittany, Serge Duigou, Éditions Ressac, Quimper, 2004. [On the Cézallier migratory movement to Brittany in the 18th and 19th centuries which included Allanche together with Albaret, Chabrier, Laymet, Mainhes, etc..] (French)

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Cantal (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093428 Château de Mercoeur (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093430 Church of Saint-Julien-de-Chanet (French)Camera aabb.svg
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000037 Main Altar and Retable (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000036 Statue: Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000035 Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000034 Painting: the Adoration of the Magi (French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000033 Bas-reliefs (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093429 Church of Saint John the Baptist (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000730 Sculpture: Ecce homo (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000580 Eagle Lectern (French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000040 Bronze Bell (French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000032 Set of Pews (French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15001405 Reliquary-Monstrance (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000001 Processional Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000039 Reliquary (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000038 Processional Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg