Allandale Waterfront GO Station
|Location||285 Bradford Street, Barrie
|Owned by||Metrolinx/City of Barrie|
|Line(s)||formerly The Canadian, Northlander|
|Platforms||1 side platform
6 bus bays
|Tracks||1 + 1 bypass|
|Station code||GO Transit: ADGO|
|Opened||19 June 1905|
|Closed||1980; rails lifted 1996|
|Previous names||CHUM Limited|
Allandale Waterfront GO Station, was built just south of Allandale Station, a historic train station that occupies a large property on the southern shore of Lake Simcoe in the waterfront area of Barrie, Ontario, Canada. The current station and former station were built on a burial site of the Hurons indigenous peoples.
Construction of the new facility began in 2009. GO Transit announced on 15 June 2011 that the station would open in the autumn of 2011, but construction delayed its opening until January 2012. Bus service to the station began on 28 January 2012, with the train service following two days later. A ceremonial train trip from Allandale Waterfront GO Station to Bradford GO Station officially opened the station on 29 January 2012.
The Ontario, Simcoe and Huron Union Railroad (OS&HURR) first built a station here in 1853. The current structure, the fourth station building on the site, was designed by the architectural firm Spier and Rohns, built in 1904 by Richard Scruton, and opened by then-operator Grand Trunk Railway on 19 June 1905. The station provided passenger service for the Grand Trunk and later the Canadian National Railway and Via Rail until closing in 1980. It briefly reopened as a GO passenger facility from 1990 to 1993. In 1996 the CNR lifted rails between Allandale and Longford.
The Allandale Community Development Corporation or 'ACDC' (with City interests) purchased the buildings and adjacent 7 acres (28,000 m2) from CNR after train service discontinued in the 1980s. ACDC then sold the station to CHUM Ltd in 2000.
CHUM Ltd. purchased the 6.9 acres (28,000 m2) of land, including the station buildings for $1,050,000 in 2000. CHUM planned to restore the Allandale Station building as part of their plan to develop of a new broadcast centre on the site, though changed their plan in 2004. In 2007 CHUM agreed to sell the property to the City for the same amount CHUM originally paid. CHUM received a Charitable Donation Tax Receipt reflecting the increased value of the property since 2000 largely due to the restoration and site works completed by CHUM.
Construction of the new Allandale Waterfront GO Station (located adjacent to the historic Allandale Station) broke ground in spring 2010 and the station officially opened on 28 January 2012. Redevelopment of the station cost approximately $5 million.
The area of the historic station is currently undergoing two remaining stages of redevelopment: (i) the City of Barrie is undertaking the restoration of the historic Allandale Station, and (ii) the City of Barrie is undertaking the restoration of Gowan Street, which borders the southern edge of the station lands. The area is expected to become a new transportation and cultural hub of the city once all the construction is complete.
The Allandale station site is located on a site used by indigenous peoples. Prior to the original railway construction, a large pit of several hundred indigenous peoples' remains were found. Other ossuaries were found in 1884 and 1889.
It was the subject of an archeological excavation, during which objects were recovered from the Uren substage of the Middle Ontario Iroquoian period. It has been dated to the late 12th to early 13th century and was used as a fishing station by the Huron people. It is the only documented fishing station from the Uren period, and one of few sites of that period to have been discovered.
The site is regarded by archeologists as a temporary location "for exploitation of local fish resources". Numerous fish remains were found in the site's midden, but no longhouses were found there.
Analysis of the fish remains indicates that various species were caught for consumption at this site. These include species in the Catostomidae family (110 White Sucker, 23 Longnose Sucker, and 103 specimens from other Catostomus species), Percidae family (34 Yellow perch and 1 Walleye), as well as 12 Ictaluridae, 14 largemouth bass and 4 smallmouth bass, 5 Centrarchidae, and specimens from several other species.
In 2011, human bone fragment remains were discovered underneath the crawl space of the office building at the site during an excavation for an archeological site assessment as part of grading work for the new train station. These were later determined to have been in the fill used as backfill for the foundation, but was of indeterminate origin. An incisor found amongst those remains was interpreted to be part of the Uren archeological material, but data is insufficient to ascertain its ultimate origin.
The Huron-Wendat people consider the site to be a disturbed site of indigenous remains which could be an ossuary. The original train station and yard's construction disturbed the remains and the new station disturbed them further without proper archaeological study. Further, the construction of the GO station did not follow Government of Ontario heritage regulations, which prohibited the disturbance of human remains at a known site.
Heritage station buildings
The station buildings comprise a federally designated heritage railway station protected by the Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act. The Italianate structures are near the southwest shore of Kempenfeldt Bay in Lake Simcoe, separated from it by a public park. The station complex was originally adjacent to Kempenfeldt Bay until the land behind the station was infilled and levelled to build a rail yard.
The station complex consists of a station building, an office building, and a restaurant adjacent to each other along the rail line. They have a uniform roof pitch, and form an atypical layout for a railway station. The low-pitched roof and deep overhanging eaves are indicative of Prairie School design influence. Two of the buildings were designed in 1904 by the Detroit firm Spier & Rohns.
The interior and exterior features of the buildings are provincially protected under an Ontario Heritage Trust conservation easement. The station building was considered the "flagship of the Grand Trunk" upon its opening.
Allandale Waterfront station has weekday train service consisting of 7 trains southbound to Union Station in the morning, and 7 trains returning northbound from Union Station in the afternoon. At other times, GO bus route 68 connects the station to East Gwillimbury GO Station where passengers can transfer to GO bus route 65 toward Toronto.
Weekend train service consists of 3 trains southbound to Union station in the morning and 3 trains returning northbound in the evening. At other times, GO bus route 68 connects the station to Aurora GO station where passengers can connect to the all-day weekend train service to Toronto.
- 1A Georgian Mall northbound to Georgian Mall via Bayfield St
- 1B Welham southbound to Park Place
- 4A East Bayfield northbound to Georgian Mall via Coulter St
- 4B South GO southbound to Barrie South GO Station
- 7A Bell Farm northbound to Rose St/Duckworth St
- 7B Bear Creek southbound to Commerce Park Dr
- 8A SB Yonge to Barrie South GO Station
- 8B NB Crosstown to Barrie Transit Terminal
- 90 terminus via Angus to Borden
- GO Transit
- 68B southbound to East Gwillimbury GO Station
- 68C southbound to Aurora GO Station
- 68B, 68C northbound to Barrie Bus Terminal
- Ramsay, Janis (3 May 2011). "Station named Allandale Waterfront". Simcoe.com. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Bruton, Bob (June 2011). "Station names a GO". The Barrie Examiner. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Colebatch, Cathy (1 October 2009). "Go Expands Barrie Line with more service, new station". The Barrie Examiner. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
- Kalinowski, Tess (15 June 2011). "GO expands Barrie line with more service, new station". Toronto Star. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- McInroy, Ian (21 January 2012). "New GO station is ready to go". Barrie Examiner. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- McInroy, Ian (27 January 2012). "GO rolls out free train trip". Barrie Examiner. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- "HistoricPlaces.ca - HistoricPlaces.ca". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 2016-08-05.
- Boos, Josephine, Allandale Station, Simcoe County Historical Association
- Smith, Jeffrey P. (28 August 2009). "CNR Allandale". CNR in Ontario. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
- Urban Explorer
- municipal press release
- Bruton, Bob (11 January 2012). "Train station tab picking up steam". Barrie Examiner. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- "Buried Souls: How Ontario bulldozed through a rare Huron-Wendat burial site in Barrie". APTN News. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- "Allandale CNR Station". Parks Canada. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- Hawkins, Alicia L.; Caley, Erin (2012). "Seasonality, Mass Capture, and Exploitation of Fish at the Steven Patrick Site, a Uren Period Village near Kempenfelt Bay". Ontario Archaeology. 92: 95–122. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- Henry, Michael B. (27 August 2011). "2011 Stage 3 Archaeological Site Assessment of Human Remains within the Crawl Space of the "Office Building" at the Allandale Train Station, Barrie, Ontario" (PDF). Amick Consultants Limited and City of Barrie. AMICK File #11784-P/MTC File #P058-767-2011. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "The Directory of Designated Heritage Railway Stations in Ontario". Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. Parks Canada. Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "Canadian National Railways Allandale Station at Barrie". Parks Canada. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "Barrie Line 2017" (PDF). GO Transit. 2 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- Media related to Allandale Waterfront GO Station at Wikimedia Commons
- GO Transit station page for Allandale Waterfront GO Station
- Allandale Station Lands at City of Barrie
- Jackson, Kenneth (9 March 2016). "Buried Souls: How Ontario bulldozed through a rare Huron-Wendat burial site in Barrie". Aboriginal Peoples Television Network. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- Jackson, Kenneth (11 March 2016). "Archaeologist says 'guts churning' knowing land he cleared for GO Transit to bulldoze is Huron-Wendat burial site". Aboriginal Peoples Television Network. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- MacDonald, Robert (27 January 2015). "Summary of Archaeological and Human Burial Assessments, Allandale Station Lands, City of Barrie" (PDF). Archaeological Services Inc. Retrieved 3 December 2016.