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Shibpur, Nabinagar, Brahmanbaria, Bengal Presidency, British India
|Died||6 September 1972(aged 109–110)|
|Genres||Hindustani classical music|
|Instruments||Shehnai, sarod, sitar|
Allauddin Khan, also known as Baba Allauddin Khan (c. 1862 – 6 September 1972) was a Bengali shorodi and multi-instrumentalist, composer and one of the most renowned music teachers of the 20th century in Indian classical music.
In 1935, he toured Europe, along with Uday Shankar's ballet troupe, and later also worked at his institute, 'Uday Shankar India Culture Centre' at Almora for a while. During his lifetime, he composed several ragas and laid the foundation of a modern Maihar gharana. Amongst his recordings which are rare, the most important ones are those he recorded with the All India Radio in 1959–60.
He was the father of sarod maestro Ali Akbar Khan and Annapurna Devi, and the uncle of Raja Hossain Khan, as well as the guru of Ravi Shankar, Nikhil Banerjee, Vasant Rai, Pannalal Ghosh, Bahadur Khan, Rabin Ghosh, Sharan Rani, Jotin Bhattacharya, Rajesh Chandra Moitra, W.D. Amaradeva, and other influential musicians. He himself was a disciple of many great musicians, including Gopal Chandra Banerjee, Lobo, Munne Khan, and most importantly after a lot of struggle managed to become a shagird (disciple) of the legendary Veena player, Wazir Khan.
He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1958 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1971, India's third and second highest civilian honours, and prior to that in 1954, the Sangeet Natak Akademi awarded him with its highest honour, the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship for lifetime contribution to Indian music.
Anecdotes about Khan range from throwing a tabla tuning hammer at the Maharaja himself to taking care of disabled beggars. Nikhil Banerjee said that the tough image was "deliberately projected in order not to allow any liberty to the disciple. He was always worried that soft treatment on his part would only spoil them". He could play over 200 instruments.
- Ustad Alauddin Khan (1963), a documentary directed by Ritwik Ghatak.
- Raga (1971), directed by Howard Worth. Remastered version released in 2010 by East Meets West Music
- Maihar Raag (1993), directed by Sunil Shanbag. A look at Allauddin Khan's crumbling heritage in Maihar, which won the National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Film in 1994.
- Clayton, Martin (2001). "Khan, Allauddin". In Sadie, Stanley. The New Grove dictionary of music and musicians. 13 (2nd ed.). London: Macmillan Publishers. p. 563. ISBN 0-333-60800-3.
He is believed by some to have lived to the age of 110, although the conjectural birth date of 1881 is more likely
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- "One day I heard him speaking out rather candidly, 'Don't you see that I am a grandsire? Don't I feel like taking them (meaning his grandsons) in my arms – patting and loving them? But I am afraid it may spoil them.' Here was the inner voice which could be heard seldom or never. Beneath the veil of toughness was the soft and tender soul bubbling with humanity." (My Maestro As I Saw Him, essay by Banerjee printed in the booklet to Afternoon Ragas, Raga Records Raga-211)
- "Raga (2010 Remaster)". East Meets West Music. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
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- Bhattacharya, Jotin (1979). Ustad Allauddin Khan and his music. Ahmedabad: B. S. Shah Prakashan. OCLC 6015389.
- Ghosh, Anuradha (1990). Ustad Allauddin Khan: the legend of music. New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India. OCLC 31815419.
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- Shankar, Rajendra. Ustad Allauddin Khan. Bombay: Kinnara School of Music. OCLC 41971650.
- McKenzie-McHarg, Sarita (2013). The Great Master of Hindustani Classical Music: Dr (Baba) Allauddin Khan (1881–1972). Bangalore: Pothi.com. OCLC 868824639.