Alleghany County, North Carolina

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Alleghany County, North Carolina
Alleghany County Courthouse Sparta NC.jpg
Alleghany County Courthouse
Map of North Carolina highlighting Alleghany County
Location in the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1859
Named for Alleghany Mountains
Seat Sparta
Largest town Sparta
Area
 • Total 237 sq mi (614 km2)
 • Land 235 sq mi (609 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 11,155
 • Density 47/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.alleghanycounty-nc.gov
Piney Creek Methodist Church Piney Creek, NC

Alleghany /ælɪˈɡn/[1] County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,155.[2] Its county seat is Sparta.[3]

History[edit]

The county was formed in 1859 from the eastern part of Ashe County, North Carolina. It was named for the Allegheny Mountains. Numerous boundary adjustments have been made since it was established, but none have resulted in new counties.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[4]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.8% 3,814 24.6% 1,306 3.7% 195
2012 66.9% 3,390 31.2% 1,583 1.9% 94
2008 59.4% 3,124 38.4% 2,021 2.2% 118
2004 59.7% 2,883 39.8% 1,922 0.5% 22
2000 58.7% 2,531 39.8% 1,715 1.6% 67
1996 45.7% 1,936 42.5% 1,801 11.8% 498
1992 39.2% 1,853 48.0% 2,271 12.8% 606
1988 51.0% 2,174 48.9% 2,087 0.1% 3
1984 56.1% 2,589 43.6% 2,013 0.3% 15
1980 46.3% 1,995 51.0% 2,198 2.7% 117
1976 37.4% 1,532 62.3% 2,550 0.3% 14
1972 61.3% 2,158 37.0% 1,304 1.7% 59
1968 45.8% 1,695 29.8% 1,102 24.4% 904
1964 39.9% 1,573 60.1% 2,368
1960 48.3% 1,978 51.7% 2,121
1956 50.4% 1,699 49.6% 1,670
1952 49.7% 1,789 50.3% 1,809
1948 42.4% 1,374 51.4% 1,667 6.2% 200
1944 45.2% 1,495 54.8% 1,810
1940 38.4% 1,217 61.6% 1,952
1936 39.0% 1,498 61.0% 2,345
1932 29.2% 810 70.3% 1,951 0.5% 15
1928 49.2% 1,368 50.8% 1,414
1924 42.8% 1,234 57.0% 1,643 0.2% 6
1920 46.0% 1,201 54.0% 1,409
1916 44.6% 641 55.4% 796
1912 18.6% 208 58.4% 652 22.9% 256

Alleghany County is a member of the regional High Country Council of Governments.

Geography and climate[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 235 square miles (610 km2), of which 235 square miles (610 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-smallest county in North Carolina by total area with just over 235 square miles, ranking 95 out of 100 total counties in the state.[6]

Alleghany County is located in northwestern North Carolina, and its northern border is with the State of Virginia. The county is located entirely within the Appalachian Mountains region of western North Carolina. Most of the county is located atop a rolling plateau that ranges from 2,500 feet (760 m) to 3,000 feet (910 m) above sea level. The southern border of the county drops abruptly nearly 1,500 feet (460 m) to the Foothills region of North Carolina. The plateau is crossed by numerous hills and mountains. The highest point in the county is Peach Bottom Mountain - Catherine Knob at 4,175 feet (1,273 m) above sea level.[7] The major rivers of Alleghany County are the New River, and the Little River; the latter flows through the town of Sparta, the county seat.

Due to its elevation, Alleghany County enjoys slightly cooler summers than the lowland areas to the east and south, with temperatures seldom rising over 90 °F (32 °C). In the winter, however, temperatures can frequently be colder than would be expected in a southern state. Daytime highs can fall into the teens or lower, and snowfall can be extremely heavy at times. According to USClimateData.com, the average temperature is 52.85 °F (11.58 °C).

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,590
1870 3,691 2.8%
1880 5,486 48.6%
1890 6,523 18.9%
1900 7,759 18.9%
1910 7,745 −0.2%
1920 7,403 −4.4%
1930 7,186 −2.9%
1940 8,341 16.1%
1950 8,155 −2.2%
1960 7,734 −5.2%
1970 8,134 5.2%
1980 9,587 17.9%
1990 9,590 0.0%
2000 10,677 11.3%
2010 11,155 4.5%
Est. 2016 10,848 [8] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 10,677 people, 4,593 households, and 3,169 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 6,412 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.69% White, 1.23% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.75% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 4.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,593 households out of which 24.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,244, and the median income for a family was $38,473. Males had a median income of $25,462 versus $18,851 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,691. About 11.30% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 25.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Alleghany County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Town[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]


Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Alleghany County.[14]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
only incorporated community Sparta Town 1,770

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Talk Like A Tarheel, from the North Carolina Collection website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2015. 
  6. ^ "North Carolina Land Area County Rank". www.usa.com. Retrieved 2016-02-07. 
  7. ^ http://www.geology.enr.state.nc.us/county/alleghany_county.html
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 11, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2016-02-13. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°29′N 81°08′W / 36.49°N 81.13°W / 36.49; -81.13