Allenby Bridge

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Allenby Bridge

גשר אלנבי
جسر الملك حسين
Allenby Bridge from the Jordanian side
Coordinates31°52′27″N 35°32′27″E / 31.8742°N 35.5408°E / 31.8742; 35.5408
CarriesPedestrians, vehicles
CrossesJordan River
West Bank
Official nameAllenby/King Hussein Bridge
מסוף אלנבי
جسر الملك حسين
Maintained byHashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Israel Airports Authority
Construction start1918
Rebuilt1968, 1994
Daily traffic3200 pedestrians and 33 trucks (2007)[citation needed]
(Outbound West Bank)
(Outbound West Bank - Palestinians only)
(Outbound Jordan)

Coordinates: 31°52′27″N 35°32′27″E / 31.87417°N 35.54083°E / 31.87417; 35.54083

The Allenby Bridge (English name; Hebrew: גשר אלנבי Gesher Allenby), known officially in Jordan as the King Hussein Bridge (Arabic: جسر الملك حسين Jisr al-Malek Hussein), and also called Al-Karameh Bridge by Palestinian Arabs, is a bridge that crosses the Jordan River near the city of Jericho, and connects the West Bank with Jordan. The bridge is currently the sole designated exit/entry point for West Bank Palestinians traveling abroad.

Being 381 meters (1,250 ft) below sea level, it is the lowest fixed water crossing in the world.


In 1885 the Ottoman government of the Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem built a bridge at this site.[1]

In 1918 British general Edmund Allenby built a bridge over the remnant of the Ottoman predecessor.[1] It was first destroyed by the 1927 Jericho earthquake, when it fell apart and collapsed into the river.[2]

It was destroyed again in the Night of the bridges operation by Palmach on 16 June 1946, thus severing one of the main overland connections between Mandatory Palestine and Transjordan.[citation needed] The next destruction occurred during the 1967 Six-Day War, after which was replaced in 1968 with a temporary truss-type bridge.[citation needed] In 1994, subsequent to the Israel-Jordan peace treaty, a new modern paved crossing was constructed adjacent to the older wooden one with the aid of the Japanese Government.[3]

Allenby Bridge border crossing[edit]

Since the 1994 Israel–Jordan peace treaty, the Allenby Bridge Terminal is operated by the Israel Airports Authority.[4] It serves as a border crossing between the west and east banks of the Jordan River. The Jordanian authorities recognize the bridge as an international border entry point, but neither grant entry visas to foreign passport holders at this crossing, unlike the country's other border crossings with Israel,[5] nor stamp the passports of departing travelers.[6] Palestinians traveling abroad can use Allenby Bridge to exit the West Bank into Jordan and then use the Queen Alia International Airport in Amman to fly abroad. Travel permits from both Israeli and Jordanian authorities are required, with varied stringency depending on the prevailing political situation.

Israeli citizens are not permitted to use the terminal, except pilgrims to Mecca performing the Hajj and Umrah.[4] Tourists who wish to travel to Jordan may have to be in possession of a visa from Jordan in advance, depending on their nationality. Tourists and inhabitants of East Jerusalem may travel directly to an Israeli terminal, although Palestinians from the West Bank have to start the departure procedure at the special Palestinian border terminal in Jericho city.

The Jordanian side of the bridge has a branch of the Bank of Jordan for the exchange of currencies.[7]

In the arts[edit]

The Allenby crossing is the locus of a 1971 song by Nurit Hirsh, Gesher Bailey (Bailey bridge - referring to the temporary truss bridge) sung by Yehoram Gaon.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Büssow, Johann (11 August 2011). Hamidian Palestine: Politics and Society in the District of Jerusalem 1872-1908. BRILL. ISBN 9789004205697.
  2. ^ Palestine Square (11 July 2016). "And the Land Lurched Forth: Remembering the 1927 Jericho Earthquake". Institute for Palestine Studies (IPS). Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Embassy of Japan in Jordan (ODA: Middle East Peace & Regional Stability)". Archived from the original on 2006-07-09.
  4. ^ a b "The History of the Terminal". Israel Airports Authority
  5. ^ Irving, Sarah (2012). Palestine. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-84162-367-2. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  6. ^ Walker, Jenny; Clammer, Paul (2015). Jordan. Lonely Planet. p. 730. ISBN 978-1-74360-546-2. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  7. ^ "Bank of Jordan פתח סניף בגשר אלנבי" (in Hebrew). Port2Port. 2008-07-24. Archived from the original on 2008-08-02. Retrieved 2008-07-25.

External links[edit]