Allentown, Buffalo, New York
Allentown Historic District
Buffalo's Allentown district
Allentown Historic District map (2012)
|Architect||Olmsted,Frederick Law; Et al.|
|Architectural style||Stick/Eastlake, Italianate, Queen Anne|
|NRHP Reference #||80002605|
|Added to NRHP||April 21, 1980|
The Allentown district is a neighborhood in Buffalo, New York. The neighborhood is home to the Allentown Historic District.
Allentown is the first neighborhood north of the Downtown Buffalo core. It borders the downtown theater and entertainment district to its south, and runs north to North Street at its northern edge, Plymouth Avenue on the west, and Main street on the east. The neighborhood is generally centered around Allen Street and Elmwood Avenue.
Allentown is known for its community of artists, for its embrace of bohemian, hipster and gay culture, and for the civic commitment of residents to the historic and aesthetic sensibilities of the neighborhood. Allentown is one of Buffalo's premier areas for nightlife, dining, and antique shopping.
The Allentown Historic District is a historic district that was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, and expanded in 2012. It includes the Kleinhans Music Hall which is separately listed on the NRHP and is further designated as a National Historic Landmark. Also listed on the NRHP is the Birge-Horton House on Delaware Avenue.
The original 1980 boundaries include approximately 733 buildings, not including secondary structures. Of these, 6 are Gothic Revival, 125 Italianate, 24 Second Empire, 92 Shingle style, 106 Queen Anne, 15 Stick, 5 Shingle, 56 Colonial and 196 are plain framed buildings.
Three park areas are included in the area, two redesigned by Frederick Law Olmsted and one circle, Symphony Circle, designed by him as part of his master plan for the city's park areas. After he completed the master plan, Olmsted returned to redesign and landscape Day's Park and Arlington Park; two existing city parks. In Day's Park he added a circular walkway in front of the school so the students would not trample the grass. The circular sandstone planting area that was in the center of the walkway is still in existence. Arlington Park was home to Frank Lloyd Wright while he worked in Buffalo.
The new boundaries added about 320 properties to the list.
- Allendale Theater - home of the Theater of the Youth
- Arlington Park - redesigned by Frederick Law Olmsted; home to Frank Lloyd Wright while he worked in Buffalo
- Butler Mansion - currently UB's Jacobs Executive Development Center
- Day's Park - redesigned by Frederick Law Olmsted
- Kleinhans Music Hall - home to the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra
- Symphony Circle - Part of the extensive parks and parkways system designed for Buffalo by Frederick Law Olmsted
- Wilcox Mansion - Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site
- The Nickel City Housing Cooperative, Buffalo's first single-family housing cooperative, located in Edward Brodhead Green's historic Granger Mansion.
- Trinity Episcopal Church- Noted for its stained glass architecture.
- Allentown and the Delaware District travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Media related to Allentown, Buffalo, New York at Wikimedia Commons
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Richard Martin and Darcy Leslie (August 13, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Allentown Historic District". Retrieved 2009-04-12., Accompanying photo set 1, and Accompanying photo set 2
- "Allentown Historic District Expanded". Preservation Buffalo Niagara. Retrieved 22 January 2015.