Allerton Hall

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Allerton Hall
Allerton Hall.jpg
Allerton Hall
Location Clarke's Gardens, Allerton, Liverpool, Merseyside, England
Coordinates 53°21′48″N 2°52′45″W / 53.3634°N 2.8791°W / 53.3634; -2.8791Coordinates: 53°21′48″N 2°52′45″W / 53.3634°N 2.8791°W / 53.3634; -2.8791
OS grid reference SJ 415 855
Built c. 1736
Built for John Hardman,
William Roscoe
Architectural style(s) Palladian
Listed Building – Grade II*
Designated 14 March 1975
Reference no. 1063751
Allerton Hall is located in Merseyside
Allerton Hall
Location in Merseyside

Allerton Hall is in Clarke's Gardens, Allerton, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[1]

History[edit]

During the medieval period the manor of Allerton was held by the Lathom family.[2]

During her long widowhood, Elizabeth Lathom(née Legh) the wife of Richard Lathom (1563–1602), occupied Allerton Hall. And by her Will and Codicil, both executed in July, 1624, gave her second son, Edward Lathom, the occupation and profit of “this my hall in Allerton," and the houses and lands for three years after her death for the better discharging of her debts and to keep her other sons, Richard and John, “with dyet." and until her grandson, Richard Lathom (of Parbold, son of Thomas who died in 1623), then an infant of about two years old, the heir of Parbold and Allerton, "came of age".

Richard Lathom, a Royalist, fought alongside his uncles in the English Civil War. Richard survived the war but his Estate was "forfeited in the name of treason" by Cromwell's parliament in 1652.

"The commissioners" (of parliament who had confiscated the estate) sold it in 1654 to a John Sumpner of Midhurst, Sussex. for £2,700. Notwithstanding that the Lathoms, father, mother, and children, now dispossessed, were frequently convicted of recusancy and suffered the penalties accordingly, they contrived to hang on to both Parbold and Allerton a little longer. Indeed, it was not until 1670 that the Sumpners managed to eject the Lathoms, and only then by increasing the amount of the original purchase price.

When assessments were made for the hearth tax in 1666, Allerton Hall was one of the larger houses in the parish of Childwall with eight hearths; this was exceeded only by Speke Hall with twenty-one hearths and Brettargh Holt with nine.[3] The estate was bought in 1736 by John Hardman and his brother James, and it is likely that the present house on the site originates from this time. John Hardman was a West Indies merchant originally from Rochdale.[2]

The property passed to James Hardman's widow, Jane, in 1754.[4] In about 1779, the house was bought by the lawyer, philanthropist and abolitionist, William Roscoe.[5] Roscoe completed the building of the house but had to sell it in 1816 when he became bankrupt.[2]

During the American Civil War, the mansion was rented by Charles Kuhn Prioleau, an American landowner from South Carolina who financially supported the Confederate States and who married Mary Elizabeth Wright, daughter of the owner of the hall.[6] In the early part of the 20th century the building was owned by the Clarke family who donated it to Liverpool City Council in 1927.[7] The building was damaged by two fires, in 1994 and in 1995.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Allerton Hall is designed in Palladian style and built in red sandstone with three storeys.[2] It is a symmetrical building, extending over eleven bays; the central three bays and the lateral two bays on each side project forward.[1] The central three bays form a portico with Ionic columns and a pediment. The ground floor of the building is rusticated.[2]

Surviving the fires, are a room at the west end which has panelled walls and a stucco ceiling in Rococo style, and parts of Roscoe's library. In the grounds to the west of the house is a sundial dated 1750.[2]

Present day[edit]

In 2009 Allerton Hall is run as a public house known as the Pub in the Park.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Allerton Hall", The National Heritage List for England, English Heritage, 2011, retrieved 8 May 2011 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 392, ISBN 0-300-10910-5 
  3. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, J. (eds.) (1907), The parish of Childwall: Introduction, church and charities, Victoria County History: A History of the County of Lancaster, 3, pp. 102–108, retrieved 1 October 2009 
  4. ^ Jane Hardman, Lancashire Museums
  5. ^ Liverpool Century by Century, Liverpool History Online Project, retrieved 1 October 2009 
  6. ^ Allerton Hall, Merseyside, The DiCamillo Companion, retrieved 1 October 2009 
  7. ^ Sandstone: Allerton Hall, allertonOak, retrieved 1 October 2009 
  8. ^ Allerton Hall (the pub in the park), Pub-Explorer.com, retrieved 28 September 2009