Alliance of European National Movements

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Alliance of European National Movements
President Béla Kovács
Founded October 24, 2009; 8 years ago (2009-10-24)
Ideology Ultranationalism
Euroscepticism
Third Position
Anti-Zionism
Anti-communism
Political position Far-right[1]
International affiliation None
European Parliament group Non-Inscrits
Colours      Blue
Website
aemn.info

The Alliance of European National Movements (AENM) is a European political party that was formed in Budapest on 24 October 2009 by a number of ultranationalist and far-right parties from countries in Europe.[2]

AENM's founding members were Jobbik (the alliance was established during their sixth party congress), France's National Front, Italy's Tricolour Flame, Sweden's National Democrats and Belgium's National Front.[3]

At the end of 2011, Marine Le Pen, the new French National Front leader, resigned from AENM and joined the European Alliance for Freedom (EAF).[4]

In February 2016, Jobbik has cut all its affiliation with AENM and the president of AENM Béla Kovács left Jobbik.[5]

History[edit]

In November 2009, the British National Party claimed that AENM had been extended to nine parties,[6] but this information was not confirmed by AENM President Bruno Gollnisch in 2012.[7]

At a press conference held in Strasbourg on 16 June 2010, the political leadership of AENM was confirmed as follows: President Bruno Gollnisch, Vice President Nick Griffin, Treasurer Béla Kovács and Secretary General Valerio Cignetti.[8][9]

In October 2013, Marine Le Pen requested that Gollnisch and Jean-Marie Le Pen leave the AENM in order to join the more moderate EAF and so unify the French National Front under the EAF banner.[10] Marine Le Pen has tried to "de-demonize" the party, i.e. to give it a more acceptable image. Cooperation with the openly racist and antisemitic parties present in AENM was seen as contradictory to these aims. On November 7, the two declared they have followed the request and left AENM. This also meant the end of Gollnisch's term as the AENM's chairman,[11] a place occupied by Béla Kovács since January 2014.[12]

In the spring of 2013, Svoboda lost its observer status after a conflict with other member groups over its policies towards ethnic minorities in the West of Ukraine.[13] However, Svoboda maintained its informal affiliation with the group until March 2014, when it announced its withdrawal of its observer status from AENM citing several members of the alliance making "statements supporting the Russian sponsored separatist forces and support for the Russian Armed Forces occupation of Ukrainian territory".[14] Béla Kovács, leader of the alliance, had served as an observer at the 2014 Donbass parliamentary election.

Members[edit]

Member parties[edit]

Party Abbr. Country MEPs National
Legislators
Tricolour Flame FT  Italy 0 0
National Democratic Party ND  Bulgaria 0 0
British National Party BNP  United Kingdom 0 0
National Renovator Party[8] PNR  Portugal 0 0

Associate members (individuals)[edit]

Name Country Party affiliation
Béla Kovács  Hungary Independent
Dimitar Stoyanov  Bulgaria Ataka
Christian Verougstraete  Belgium Vlaams Belang
Dailis Alfonsas Barakauskas  Lithuania Order and Justice

Former members[edit]

Party Abbr. Country Notes
Jobbik Jobbik  Hungary In 2016, it has cut all its affiliation with AENM
Republican Social Movement MSR  Spain On 30 January 2018, the party dissolved
National Front (France) FN  France In 2010, it left to form the European Alliance for Freedom
National Democrats (Sweden) ND  Sweden In April 2014, the party dissolved
Blue and White Front SVR  Finland Party has been inactive since 2015

Former observer members[edit]

Party Abbr. Country Notes
All-Ukrainian Union "Svoboda"[15] ВОС  Ukraine In March 2014, it withdrawal after disagreement about Ukrainian crisis

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nathalie Brack; Olivier Costa (2014). How the EU Really Works. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4724-1465-6. 
  2. ^ "Far-right European parties forge alliance", eubusiness.com, 2009-10-25, A handful of European nationalist political parties have formed an alliance to represent them in Brussels... ... Negotiations are underway with like-minded Austrian, British, Spanish and Portuguese parties. 
  3. ^ European nationalist parties form alliance, Taiwan News (source: Associated Press), 2009-10-24, Hungary's Jobbik, France's National Front, Italy's Three-Color Flame, Sweden's National Democrats and Belgium's National Front formed the Alliance of European National Movements on Saturday and say they expect parties from Britain, Austria, Spain and Portugal to join them soon. 
  4. ^ "Marine Le Pen en Autriche". Front National. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Statement of Jobbik on AENM". jobbik.com. 2018-02-20. Retrieved 2018-02-21. 
  6. ^ BNP in alliance with nationalists, BBC News, 2009-11-12 
  7. ^ a b Réunion de l’AEMN à Hédervár: une profession de foi pour l’Europe des patries (in French), Bruno Gollnisch, 2012-10-24 
  8. ^ a b "Alliance of European National Movements Expands to 9 Parties," British National Party. Retrieved 18-10-2013.
  9. ^ Meade, Geoff (2009-11-12), Alliance of European Nationalist Mouvements, Fiamma Tricolore 
  10. ^ "France's FN to team up with other far Right parties for European elections". Telegraph.co.uk. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "FN : Jean-Marie Le Pen "obéit" à sa fille et quitte le parti pan-européen". RTL.fr. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2015-03-24. 
  13. ^ "The old and new European friends of Ukraine's far-right Svoboda party", searchlightmagazine.com, 2013-09-03 
  14. ^ "Oleh Tiahnybok withdraws Svoboda's membership within the Alliance of European National Movements". Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  15. ^ (in Ukrainian) "Свобода" і європейські націоналісти: конфлікти є, війни нема "Svoboda" and European nationalists: conflicts are not the war, BBC Ukrainian (24 January 2013)
    Europe's Far Right Is Embracing Putin, Business Insider (10 April 2014)

External links[edit]