Alliance of Independent Social Democrats

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Alliance of Independent Social Democrats
Савез независних социјалдемократа
Savez nezavisnih socijaldemokrata
Leader Milorad Dodik
Founded 1996
Headquarters Petra Kočića 5,
78000 Banja Luka
Ideology Social democracy
Separatism
Serbian nationalism
Political position Centre-left to Left wing
House of Representatives
6 / 42
National Assembly of the Republika Srpska
30 / 83
Website
www.snsd.org

The Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (Serbian: Савез независних социјалдемократа/Savez nezavisnih socijaldemokrata, СНСД/SNSD) is a Serb political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina, founded in 1996. Its president, Milorad Dodik, is the current President of the Republika Srpska.

History[edit]

The party grew out of the Independent Members of Parliament Caucus of the National Assembly of Republika Srpska to become the Party of Independent Social Democrats. The IMPC was established from the caucus of members of the Parliament of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina of Serb origin elected in 1990 from the election list of the Union of Reform Forces. These representatives joined the Serb members of the same legislative body that abandoned it in 1992, after the majority of representatives (mostly Croats and Bosniaks) decided to hold a referendum for the independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina).

The Serb members of the Parliament of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the members of the IMPC established the Assembly of Serb People of Bosnia and Herzegovina, that was later renamed National Assembly of the Republika Srpska.

The absolute majority of the newly founded National Assembly of Republika Srpska was from the Serb Democratic Party. The IMPC were the only parliamentary opposition from the founding of the National Assembly through the first post-war elections (see War in Bosnia, Dayton Agreement) in September 1996.

In December 1999 Social Liberal Party of Republic of Srpska merged into the Party of Independent Social Democrats. After local elections 2000 Nikola Špirić's Democratic party for Banjaluka and Krajina merged into it too. In 2002, it united with the Democratic Socialist Party,[1] a splinter party of the Socialist Party of Republika Srpska. After the unification, the party changed its name to Alliance of Independent Social Democrats. In August 2002 the New Labour Party of Republika Srpska merged into the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats.

The SNSD was suspended from Socialist International in 2011 for continuing to "espouse a nationalist and extremist" line.[2] It was later expelled on 4 September 2012.[3]

Presidents of Alliance of Independent Social Democrats[edit]

# President Born–Died Term start Term end
1 Milorad Dodik Dodik, Milorad, 2010.jpg 1959– 10 March 1996 Incumbent

Electoral results[edit]

Parliamentary elections[edit]

Parliament of Republika Srpska
Year Popular vote  % of popular vote # of seats Seat change Coalition Government
1996 125.372 11.05%
2 / 83
Increase 2 NSSM opposition
1997 Unknown 2.41%
2 / 83
Steady government
1998 53.802 7.30%
6 / 83
Increase 4 government
2000 81.467 13%
11 / 83
Increase 5 opposition
2002 111.226 21.79%
19 / 83
Increase 8 opposition
2006 244.251 44.95%
41 / 83
Increase 22 government
2010 240.727 38%
37 / 83
Decrease 4 government
2014 213.665 32.28%
29 / 83
Decrease 8 government

Presidential elections[edit]

President of Republika Srpska
Election year # Candidate Votes  %
2000 Steady 2nd Milorad Dodik 161.942 25.7%
2002 Steady 2nd Milan Jelić 112.612 22.1%
2006 Increase 1st Milan Jelić 271.022 48.87%
2007 Steady 1st Rajko Kuzmanović 169.863 41.33%
2010 Steady 1st Milorad Dodik 319.618 50.52%
2014 Steady 1st Milorad Dodik 303.496 45.39%

Positions held[edit]

Major positions held by Alliance of Independent Social Democrats members:

President of Republika Srpska Years
Milan Jelić 2006–2007
Rajko Kuzmanović 2007–2010
Milorad Dodik 2010-
President of Republika Srpska National Assembly Years
Igor Radojičić 2006-2014
Prime Minister of Republika Srpska Years
Milorad Dodik 1998–2001
Milorad Dodik 2006-2010
Aleksandar Džombić 2010-2013
Željka Cvijanović 2013-
Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Years
Nebojša Radmanović 2006–2014
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina Years
Nikola Špirić 2007–2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political background Norwegian Centre for Human Rights
  2. ^ "SNSD suspended from the Socialist International" (in Croatian). 2011-07-02. Retrieved 9 September 2012. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Member Parties of the Socialist International". Retrieved 9 September 2012. 

External links[edit]