Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

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Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
PresidentHans van Baalen MEP
Group leaderGuy Verhofstadt MEP
Founded26 March 1976[1]
HeadquartersRue d'Idalie 11,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tankEuropean Liberal Forum
Youth wingEuropean Liberal Youth
IdeologyLiberalism[2]
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament groupAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours               Dark blue, light blue, magenta
     Yellow (customary)
European Parliament
57 / 751
European Council
8 / 28
European Lower Houses
636 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
244 / 2,714
Website
www.aldeparty.eu

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe. On 26 March 1976, it was founded in Stuttgart as a confederation of national political parties under the name Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe and renamed European Liberals and Democrats (ELD) in 1977 and European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) in 1986. On 30 April 2004, the ELDR was reformed as an official European party, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party).[3] The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International[4] and a recognised European political party, incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.

On 10 November 2012, the party chose its current name of ALDE Party, taken from its European Parliament group, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), which had been formed on 20 July 2004 in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). The ALDE parliamentary group is led by Guy Verhofstadt, a former Prime Minister of Belgium. Prior to the 2004 European election the party had been represented through its own group, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) Group.

As of 2018, ALDE is represented in European Union institutions, with 68 MEPs and 5 members of the European Commission. Of the 28 EU member states, there are eight with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands, Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Jüri Ratas (Estonian Centre Party) in Estonia, Charles Michel (MR) in Belgium, Miro Cerar (SMC) in Slovenia, Juha Sipilä (KESK) in Finland, Andrej Babiš (ANO) in the Czech Republic and Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Venstre) in Denmark. Liberals are also in government in three other EU member states: Croatia, Romania and Lithuania.

ALDE's think tank is the European Liberal Forum. The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Vedrana Gujic (HNS, Croatia), who was elected for a two-year term as LYMEC President in May 2014, and counts 200,000 members.

Structure[edit]

Bureau[edit]

The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:[5]

Office Name State member Party member
ALDE Leader in the European Parliament Guy Verhofstadt MEP Belgium Belgium OpenVLD
ALDE President Hans van Baalen MEP Netherlands Netherlands VVD
ALDE Secretary-General Jacob Moroza-Rasmussen Denmark Denmark Venstre
ALDE Secretary-General
of the Parliamentary Group
Alexander Beels Netherlands Netherlands VVD
ALDE Vice-Presidents Luis Garicano Spain Spain Cs
Timmy Dooley TD Republic of Ireland Ireland FF
Fredrick Federley MEP Sweden Sweden C
Ilhan Kyuchyuk MEP Bulgaria Bulgaria DPS
Markus Löning Germany Germany FDP
Angelika Mlinar MEP Austria Austria NEOS
Henrik Bach Mortensen Denmark Denmark Venstre
Joanna Schmidt MEP Poland Poland Modern
Annelou van Egmond Netherlands Netherlands Democrats 66
ALDE Treasurer Roman Jakič Slovenia Slovenia ZSD
ALDE in the Council of Europe Honorary President Anne Brasseur Luxembourg Luxemburg DP
ALDE Leader in the European Committee of the Regions Bart Somers Belgium Belgium OpenVLD
President of the European Liberal Youth Sissel Kvist Denmark Denmark Radikal Ungdom

Leaders[edit]

Presidents[edit]

History of pan-European liberalism[edit]

ELDR Party logo (2009-2012).

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. On 26 March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established in Stuttgart. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg.[6] Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party.[6] In 1977, the federation was renamed European Liberals and Democrats, in 1986, European Liberal Democrats and Reformists.

It evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party) in 2004, when it was founded as an official European party under that name and incorporated under Belgian law at an extraordinary Congress in Brussels, held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union. At the same time the matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists Group allied with the members of the newly elected European Democratic Party, forming the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament.

On 10 November 2012, the ELDR Party adopted the name of the alliance between the two parties, in order to match the parliamentary group and the alliance.

European Council and Council of Ministers[edit]

Member State Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Photo
 Estonia Jüri Ratas Head Minister Estonian Centre Party 23 November 2016 RK Jüri Ratas.jpg
 Netherlands Mark Rutte Minister-President People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 14 October 2010 Mark Rutte-6.jpg
 Luxembourg Xavier Bettel Prime Minister Democratic Party 4 December 2013 Xavier Bettel Royal Wedding 2012 cropped.jpg
 Belgium Charles Michel Prime Minister Mouvement Réformateur 11 October 2014 Charles Michel (politician).jpg
 Slovenia Marjan Šarec Prime Minister List of Marjan Šarec 13 September 2018 Marjan Šarec in Logatec 2017.jpg
 Finland Juha Sipilä Prime Minister Centre Party 29 May 2015 Juha Sipilä.jpg

European Commissioners[edit]

ALDE Member Parties contribute 5 out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo
Estonia
Estonia
AnsipAndrus Ansip Vice-President, European Commissioner for Digital Single Market RE Portrait Andrus Ansip.jpg
Sweden
Sweden
MalmströmCecilia Malmström European Commissioner for Trade L Cecilia Malmström 2.jpg
Slovenia
Slovenia
BulcVioleta Bulc European Commissioner for the Energy Union SMC Violeta Bulc 2014-11.jpg
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
JourováVěra Jourová European Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality ANO Věra Jourová.jpg
Denmark
Denmark
VestagerMargrethe Vestager European Commissioner for Competition RV Margrethe Vestager, ekonomi- och inrikesminister Danmark. Nordiska radets session i Kopenhamn 2011 (1).jpg

Elected Representatives of Member Parties[edit]

European institutions[edit]

Guy Verhofstadt
ALDE Party Leader
Hans van Baalen
ALDE Party President
Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Commission
5 / 28
 European Union European Council
(Heads of Government)
8 / 28
 European Union Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
11 / 28
 European Union European Parliament
47 / 751
 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
28 / 318

National Parliaments of European Union member states[edit]

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
 Austria National Council
10 / 183
NEOS
 Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
34 / 150
MR, Open Vld
Senate
Upper house
13 / 60
MR, Open Vld
 Bulgaria National Assembly
25 / 240
MRF
 Croatia Sabor
13 / 151
HNS, IDS-DDI, HSLS,

Glas, Pametno

 Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
78 / 200
ANO
Senate
Upper house
7 / 81
ANO
 Denmark Folketing
42 / 175
V, RV
 Estonia State Council
57 / 101
ER, EK
 Finland Parliament
59 / 200
Kesk., SFP, C
 France National Assembly
Lower house
18 / 577
UDI
Senate
Upper house
42 / 348
UDI
 Germany Bundestag
80 / 631
FDP
 Hungary Országgyűlés
1 / 199
MLP
 Ireland Dáil
Lower house
44 / 158
FF
Seanad
Upper house
13 / 60
FF
 Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
2 / 630
Radicali
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
1 / 315
Radicali
 Lithuania Seimas
14 / 141
LRLS, DP
 Latvia Saeima
4 / 100
LA
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
13 / 60
DP
 Malta House of Representatives
2 / 67
PD
 Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
52 / 150
VVD, D66
Senate
Upper house
23 / 75
VVD, D66
 Poland Sejm
Lower house
22 / 460
.Nowoczesna, UED
Senat of Poland
Upper house
0 / 100
.Nowoczesna, UED
 Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
18 / 329
ALDE
Senate
Upper house
12 / 136
ALDE
 Slovenia National Assembly
27 / 90
LMŠ, SMC, ZaAB
 Spain Congress of Deputies
Lower house
40 / 350
C's, CDC
Senate
Upper house
8 / 266
C's, CDC
 Sweden Riksdag
41 / 349
C, L
 United Kingdom House of Commons
Lower house
12 / 650
Liberal Democrats
House of Lords
Upper house
98 / 793
Liberal Democrats
Gibraltar Parliament
unicameral
3 / 17
Liberal Party of Gibraltar

National Parliaments outside the European Union[edit]

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
 Andorra General Council
8 / 28
PLA
 Armenia National Assembly
0 / 131
ANC
 Azerbaijan National Assembly
0 / 125
Musavat
 Georgia Parliament
0 / 150
Republican, FD
 Iceland Althing
0 / 63
BF
 Moldova Parliament
9 / 101
PL
 Montenegro Assembly
1 / 81
LPCG
 Norway Storting
9 / 169
Venstre
  Switzerland National Council
Lower house
31 / 200
FDP.The Liberals
Council of States
Upper house
12 / 46
FDP.The Liberals

Member parties[edit]

Proportion of ALDE Party MEPs per country as of 2004
  States with full (and possibly associate) member parties
  States with associate member parties
Country or Region Party MEPs
 Austria NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
1 / 18
 Belgium (Dutch) Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats
3 / 12
 Belgium (French) Reformist Movement
2 / 8
 Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms
4 / 17
 Bulgaria National Movement for Stability and Progress
0 / 17
 Croatia Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
1 / 11
 Croatia Croatian Social Liberal Party
0 / 11
 Croatia Istrian Democratic Assembly
1 / 11
 Cyprus United Democrats
0 / 6
 Czech Republic ANO 2011
4 / 21
 Denmark Danish Social Liberal Party
2 / 13
 Denmark Venstre – Liberal Party of Denmark
1 / 13
 Estonia Estonian Centre Party
1 / 6
 Estonia Estonian Reform Party
2 / 6
 Finland Centre Party
3 / 13
 Finland Swedish People's Party of Finland
1 / 13
 Finland
 Åland Islands
Åland Centre
0 / 13
 France Union of Democrats and Independents
2 / 74
 Germany Free Democratic Party
3 / 96
 Greece Drassi
0 / 21
 Hungary Hungarian Liberal Party
0 / 21
 Hungary Momentum Movement
0 / 21
 Ireland Fianna Fáil
1 / 11
 Italy Italian Radicals
0 / 73
 Latvia Latvian Development
0 / 8
 Lithuania Labour Party
1 / 11
 Lithuania Lithuanian Freedom Union (Liberals)
0 / 11
 Lithuania Liberals' Movement of the Republic of Lithuania
2 / 11
 Luxembourg Democratic Party
1 / 6
 Malta Democratic Party
0 / 6
 Netherlands Democrats 66
4 / 26
 Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
3 / 26
 Poland .Nowoczesna
0 / 51
 Poland Union of European Democrats
0 / 51
 Portugal Iniciativa Liberal
0 / 21
 Romania Alliance of Liberals and Democrats
2 / 32
 Slovenia List of Marjan Šarec
0 / 8
 Slovenia Modern Centre Party
0 / 8
 Slovenia Party of Alenka Bratušek
0 / 8
 Spain Citizens
2 / 54
 Sweden Centre Party
1 / 20
 Sweden The Liberals
2 / 20
 United Kingdom Liberal Democrats
1 / 73
 United Kingdom
 Gibraltar
Liberal Party of Gibraltar
0 / 73

Outside the EU[edit]

 Andorra

 Armenia

 Azerbaijan

 Belarus

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

 Georgia

 Iceland

 Kosovo

 Moldova

 Montenegro

 Norway

 Russia

 Serbia

  Switzerland

 Ukraine

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe"
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 2017-06-08. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  3. ^ "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Eldr.eu. Archived from the original on 2013-02-13. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
  5. ^ "Members of the Bureau | ALDE Party". Aldeparty.eu. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  6. ^ a b Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0.

External links[edit]