Alliance of Progressives

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Alliance of Progressives
Alleanza dei Progressisti
Leader Achille Occhetto
Founded February 1994
Dissolved March 1994
Succeeded by The Olive Tree
Political position Centre-left to Left-wing

The Alliance of Progressives (Italian: Alleanza dei Progressisti), also known as simply the Progressives (Progressisti),[1][2] was a centre-left[3][4] to left-wing[2][5] political and electoral alliance of political parties in Italy formed in 1994. The leader of the alliance was Achille Occhetto.[6]

History[edit]

The Alliance suffered a huge defeat in the 1994 general election by the Pole of Freedoms/Pole of Good Government centre-right coalitions led by Silvio Berlusconi. For the 1996 general election the Alliance was succeeded by The Olive Tree coalition, which included the Italian People's Party (diminished by the split of the United Christian Democrats in 1995), Italian Renewal and Segni Pact, and excluding the Communist Refoundation Party,[4] which was an external ally and presented its candidates under the "Progressives" banner in single-seat constituencies in Central Italy.

Composition[edit]

The alliance was composed of:[4][7]

Party Ideology Leader
Democratic Party of the Left (PDS) Democratic socialism Achille Occhetto
Communist Refoundation Party (PRC) Communism Fausto Bertinotti
Federation of the Greens (FdV) Green politics Franco Corleone
Italian Socialist Party (PSI) Social democracy Ottaviano Del Turco
The Network (LR) Anti-corruption Leoluca Orlando
Democratic Alliance (AD) Social liberalism Willer Bordon
Social Christians (CS) Christian left Pierre Carniti
Socialist Rebirth (RS) Social democracy Enzo Mattina

Election results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 12,722,157 (#1) 33.0
213 / 630
Achille Occhetto
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 11,058,770 (#1) 33.4
123 / 315
Achille Occhetto

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roberto D'Alimonte (2005). "Italy: A Case of Fragmented Bipolarism". In Michael Gallagher; Paul Mitchell. The Politics of Electoral Systems. OUP Oxford. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-19-153151-4. 
  2. ^ a b Ram Mudambi; Pietro Navarra; Giuseppe Sobbrio, eds. (2001). Rules, Choice and Strategy: The Political Economy of Italian Electoral Reform. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-78195-082-1. 
  3. ^ Christina Holtz-Bacha; Gianpietro Mazzoleni (2004). The Politics of Representation: Election Campaigning and Proportional Representation. Peter Lang. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8204-6148-9. 
  4. ^ a b c Stefan Köppl (2007). Das politische System Italiens: Eine Einführung. Springer-Verlag. p. 98. ISBN 978-3-531-14068-1. 
  5. ^ Daniela Giannetti; Rose Mulé (2007). "The Democratici di Sinistra: In Search of a New Identity". In Anna Bosco; Leonardo Morlino. Party Change in Southern Europe. Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-136-76777-7. 
  6. ^ Gino Moliterno, ed. (2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture. Routledge. p. 852. ISBN 978-1-134-75877-7. 
  7. ^ Sona Nadenichek Golder (2006). The Logic of Pre-electoral Coalition Formation. Ohio State University Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-8142-1029-1.