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The entrance to the La Vache Cave
The entrance to the La Vache Cave
Alliat is located in France
Coordinates: 42°49′05″N 1°35′14″E / 42.8181°N 1.5872°E / 42.8181; 1.5872Coordinates: 42°49′05″N 1°35′14″E / 42.8181°N 1.5872°E / 42.8181; 1.5872
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Ariège
Arrondissement Foix
Canton Tarascon-sur-Ariège
Intercommunality Pays de Tarascon
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Alain Brillu
Area1 3.46 km2 (1.34 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 64
 • Density 18/km2 (48/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 09006 / 09400
Elevation 500–1,268 m (1,640–4,160 ft)
(avg. 560 m or 1,840 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Alliat is a commune in the Ariège department and Occitanie region in southwestern France.


Commune in the "Haute-Ariège" part of the Pyrenees located 15 km from the city of Foix and 5 km from the city of Tarascon-sur-Ariège, in the "Parc naturel régional des Pyrénées ariégeoises".


Inhabitants of Alliat are called Alliatois.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1806 96 —    
1851 129 +34.4%
1856 97 −24.8%
1901 106 +9.3%
1921 81 −23.6%
1946 55 −32.1%
1962 67 +21.8%
1968 71 +6.0%
1975 68 −4.2%
1982 65 −4.4%
1990 55 −15.4%
1999 62 +12.7%
2008 64 +3.2%


  • The "cave of the cow (grotte de La Vache): the cave of the cow, with distinctive archeological strata discovered in its entry and in the "Salle Monique", opened to the public in 1979. It produced one of the richest collection of prehistorical objects from the Magdalenian era (12,000 to 14,000 years old), including a large number of harpoons and assegai points as well as more than 200 pieces of art: bones, engraved reindeer and red deer antlers, sculpture of animals, sometimes of humans, including of rare species for that period: panther, bear, wolves, salmon, antelope saïga and birds.
It was one of the first cave explored in Ariège by Félix Garrigou, before 1867. A second site was discovered in 1952 and was explored by its discoverer, Romain Robert, until 1964.
  • Fortified cave Spoulgas d’Alliat: located 100 m from the cave of the cow. Maps and descriptions available in "Monographies villageoises en Sabarthès", Florence Guillot, 1999.


  • Rock climbing around the caves
  • Horse ridding

See also[edit]