Allied High Commission
The Allied High Commission (also known as the High Commission for Occupied Germany, HICOG; in German Alliierte Hohe Kommission, AHK) was established by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France after the 1948 breakdown of the Allied Control Council to regulate and supervise the development of the newly established Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
The Occupation Statute specified the prerogatives of the Western allies vis-à-vis the German government, and preserved the right to intervene in areas of military, economic, and foreign policy importance. These rights were revised in the Petersberg Agreement several weeks later.
With the creation of the Federal Republic and the institution of the High Commission, the position of the Military Governors was abolished. Instead each of the three Western allies named a High Commissioner.
|France||André François-Poncet||21 September 1949 – 5 May 1955|
|United Kingdom||Sir Brian Robertson||21 September 1949 – 24 June 1950|
|Sir Ivone Kirkpatrick||24 June 1950 – 29 September 1953|
|Sir Frederick Millar||29 September 1953 – 5 May 1955|
|United States||John J. McCloy||2 September 1949 – 1 August 1952|
|Walter J. Donnelly||1 August 1952 – 11 December 1952|
|Samuel Reber (acting)||11 December 1952 – 10 February 1953|
|James Bryant Conant||10 February 1953 – 5 May 1955|
- Buse, Dieter K. and Doerr, Juergen C., eds. Modern Germany: An Encyclopedia of History, People, and Culture, 1871-1990 (2 vol. Garland, 1998) p 20.
- Garner, Curt. "Remaking German democracy in the 1950s: Was the civil service an asset or a liability?." German Politics 6.3 (1997): 16-53.
- Miller, Paul D. "A bibliographic essay on the Allied occupation and reconstruction of West Germany, 1945–1955." Small Wars & Insurgencies 24.4 (2013): 751-759.
- Plischke. Elmer. History of the Allied High Commission for Germany, Its Establishment, Structure, and Procedures ( Research Project No. 107 of the Allied High Commission for Germany. 1951) 122pp.
- Schwartz, Thomas Alan. America’s Germany: John J. McCloy and the Federal Republic of Germany (Harvard University Press, 2013).
- Records of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany (USHCG) in the National Archives