Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories

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Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories
Official languages
Type Military occupation
A franchise stamp issued by the Allied Military Government (AMG) in 1948 to exempt travellers from fees when crossing borders.[1]
Three revenue stamps of the AMG from 1950 and 1951.
The 1944 Belgian 2 francs. These coins were minted at the Philadelphia Mint in the United States, due to the German occupation of Belgium, and circulated during the American liberation.

The Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories (originally abbreviated AMGOT, later AMG) was the form of military rule administered by Allied forces during and after World War II within European territories they occupied.

Notable AMGOT[edit]

This form of controlled government was implemented in the states of Germany, Italy,[2] Austria and Japan, amongst others.

Opposition of France[edit]

A dollar-like 100-franc note produced by the Americans and supplied in June 1944 following Operation "Overlord".

The AMGOT would have been implemented in France after its liberation if not for General Charles de Gaulle establishing control of the country per the Provisional Government of the French Republic in the name of the Free French Forces and the united French Resistance (FFI) following the liberation of Paris by the French themselves instead of the Allies, in August 1944.[3]


Germany's control was notably divided amongst the powers of the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.



After the Operation Husky, with the Allied Invasion of Sicily, July 10, 1943 was established the Allied Military Government with chief Lord Francis Rodd, 2nd Baron Rennell and at civil affairs the colonel Charles Poletti, until February 1944.

Free Territory of Trieste[edit]

The Allied Military Government of the main Zone A of the Free Territory of Trieste was the provisional Government of a new, in dependent State of the United Nations,[4] not an occupation force[5] and it was assigned to the Trieste United States Troops (USA) and BETFOR (British Element Trieste Force). It was established at the coming into force of the Treaty of Peace with Italy, 15 September 1947. Its military administrations of the new State ended in October 1954 at the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding of London when the Governments of the United Kingdom and of the United States of America handed over temporary civil administration of Zone A to the Italian Government [6] The special trusteeship mandate over the main zone of the Free Territory of Trieste is in force [7] and due to the international recognition of the independence and sovereignty of the Republics of Slovenia and Croatia by the International Community and the United Nations Security Council [8] the main, former Anglo-American zone of the Free Territory of Trieste, which includes the city and the international Free Port of Trieste[9] as well as five municipalities is the current Free Territory of Trieste.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Germany: Allied Military Government Travel Permits 1947-51" by Theo J.F. Schalke in The Revenue Journal, Vol. XXII, No. 3, December 2011, pp. 129-139.
  2. ^ Friendly Isle, Time, July 26, 1943
  3. ^ Charles L. Robertson, "When Roosevelt Planned to Govern France"
  4. ^ see:
  5. ^ Annex VII, Instrument for the Provisional Regime of the Free Territory of Trieste. See:
  6. ^ UNTS Vol.235, 3297 Memorandum of Understanding of London, article 2: see
  7. ^ see: United States Treaties in Force "Memorandum of understanding regarding the free territory of Trieste, with two annexes. Initialed at London October 5, 1954. Entered into force October 5, 1954. 5 UST 2386; TIAS 3099; 235 UNTS 99."
  8. ^ see: United Nations Security Council Resolutions S/RES/754 (1992) and S/RES/753 (1992) LINK:"
  9. ^ Annex VIII, Instrument for the International Free Port of the Free Territory of Trieste. See:
  10. ^ see: Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties - Articles 30.3 about succession of State, 60 about international obligations:

Trieste Revenue stamps listed in Italy Revenues" by J.Barefoot Ltd, York, 2013, ISBN 0-906845-73-4.

External links[edit]