This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Hudson Joshua Creighton Allison
December 9, 1881
|Died||April 15, 1912 (aged 30)|
|Spouse(s)||Bess Allison (1886–1912)|
Bess Waldo Daniels
November 14, 1886
|Died||April 15, 1912 (aged 25)|
|Spouse(s)||Hudson Allison (1881–1912)|
Helen Loraine Allison
June 5, 1909
|Died||April 15, 1912 (aged 2)|
Hudson Trevor Allison
May 7, 1911
|Died||August 7, 1929 (aged 18)|
New York City, U.S.
Hudson Joshua Creighton Allison (December 9, 1881 – April 15, 1912), his wife, Bess Waldo Allison (née Daniels) (November 14, 1886 – April 15, 1912), their daughter, Helen Loraine Allison (June 5, 1909 – April 15, 1912), and son, Hudson Trevor Allison (May 7, 1911 – August 7, 1929), were 1st class passengers on board the RMS Titanic, which struck an iceberg and sank on April 15, 1912. Only Trevor survived.
The Allisons, bound for Montreal, booked first-class passage on the Titanic. They boarded the ship in Southampton along with four servants: a maid, Sarah Daniels (no relation to Bess); a nurse, Alice Cleaver; a cook, Amelia Mary Brown (Mildred); and a butler, George Swane. Hudson and Bess occupied cabin C-22, Sarah and Loraine occupied C-24, and Alice and Trevor occupied C-26. Two second-class cabins were also booked for George and Mildred.
After the ship struck the iceberg, Hudson left to find out what was going on. While he was gone, Alice took Trevor and went to get the rest of the servants in second class. Hudson returned to find them gone. He delivered Bess and Loraine to Boat 6, and apparently left before it was launched. Major Peuchen recalled how they were almost rescued:
Mrs. Allison could have gotten away in perfect safety, but somebody told her Mr. Allison was in a boat being lowered on the opposite side of the deck, and with Loraine she rushed away from the boat. Apparently she reached the other side to find that Mr. Allison was not there. Meanwhile our boat had put off.
George saw Alice, Mildred, and Trevor safely into Boat 11, which left the ship at around 1:45 am, nearly an hour after Boat 6 had. Sarah had gone up on deck early to investigate the commotion and was hurriedly placed into a boat by a steward who promised to inform the Allisons of her whereabouts. Varying stories claim that Alice panicked and grabbed Trevor, without informing Bess that she was leaving, and that Bess refused to leave the ship without him, though it is possible that the entire group went up on deck together, and that Alice and Trevor were simply lost in the crowd.
Hudson, Bess, Loraine, and George were lost in the sinking. Whether or not George found the Allisons and informed them that Trevor was safely off the ship is unknown, but if he did, it is likely the information came too late for any of them to leave the ship. Bess was one of only four first-class women (including Ida Straus and Edith Corse Evans) who perished, while Loraine was the only child of first and second class to do so. Hudson's body was the 135th recovered by the Mackay-Bennett; George's was the 294th. Hudson's was brought to be buried in the family plot in Maple Ridge Cemetery near Winchester, Ontario.
Alice and Trevor were met in New York City by Hudson's brother, George, who, along with his wife, Lillian, took custody of the now orphaned Trevor. He died on August 7, 1929, at age 18 of food poisoning. He was buried beside Hudson.
Claim by Helen Loraine Kramer to be Loraine Allison
In 1940, a woman named Helen Loraine Kramer claimed that she was Loraine Allison and that, at the last minute, her parents gave her up to a man calling himself Hyde (whose identity she said to be that of shipbuilder Thomas Andrews), who raised her on a farm in the American Midwest. Her claim, however, was not accepted by the Allisons. Eventually, she moved away and they never heard from her again.
In December 2013, the Loraine Allison Identification Project announced results of mitochondrial DNA testing performed on a sample donated by a female-line descendant of Kramer, and descendants of the Allisons. The test was performed by DNA Diagnostics Center, a facility accredited by the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors. The results were negative, demonstrating that no relationship existed between Kramer and the Allisons.
The Allisons in film
The 1912 German silent film about the disaster, In Nacht und Eis (English: "In Night and Ice"), includes the Allison family story, but not by name.
The Allisons were major characters in the 1996 miniseries Titanic. The subplot regarding them was highly fictionalized and filled with historical inaccuracies: for example, it added the story of the long-standing myth that Alice (portrayed by Felicity Waterman) was a child murderess who stole Trevor in a fit of panic, thus forcing the rest of the family to remain on the ship looking for him until it was too late. Their other servants (Sarah, Mildred, and George) were not featured in it – the only one travelling with them was Alice.
The Allisons are also featured in the 2012 miniseries Titanic.
- "Mr Hudson Joshua Creighton Allison". Encyclopedia Titanica. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Mrs Bessie Waldo Allison". Encyclopedia Titanica. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Miss Helen Loraine Allison". Encyclopedia Titanica. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Master Hudson Trevor Allison". Encyclopedia Titanica. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Miss Alice Catherine Clever". Encyclopedia Titanica. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- Titanic Passengers | Genealogical and Biographical Information on Titanic's passengers and Crew
- "Child Feared Lost On Titanic Reported Living In Michigan". Chicago Daily Tribune. 5 September 1940.
- Geller, Judith B. (October 1998). Titanic: Women and Children First. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-393-04666-3.
- "Loraine Allison Identification Project".
- Copping, Jasper (19 January 2014). "Lost child of the Titanic and the fraud that haunted her family". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 20 January 2014.