Allium flavum

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Fragrant Yellow Onion
Allium flavum sl 2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
A. flavum
Binomial name
Allium flavum

Allium flavum, the small yellow onion[3] or yellow-flowered garlic,[4] is a species of flowering plant in the genus Allium, which also includes the flowering and culinary onions and garlic. A bulbous herbaceous perennial, it is native to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas, from France + Morocco to Iran + Kazakhstan.[5][6]


Allium flavum produces one bulb, and a scape up to 40 cm tall. Umbel contains bright yellow, bell shaped flowers with a pleasing scent.[7][8][9][10][11] The species epithet flavum is Latin for yellow and indicates its flower colour.[12] It flowers between June and July and is hardy to USDA zones 4 to 8.[3]

In cultivation in the UK, A. flavum has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[4]

Varieties & Subspecies[edit]

Numerous names have been proposed but only the following are accepted by the World Checklist[2]


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Ellen Spector Platt Garlic, Onion, and Other Alliums, p. 150, at Google Books
  4. ^ a b "RHS Plantfinder - Allium flavum". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Allium flavum
  6. ^ Dave's Garden Plant Files, Allium flavum, Fragrant Yellow Onion
  7. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 298-299
  8. ^ Soó von Bere, Károly Rezső. 1971. Acta Botanica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. Budapest. 16(3-4): 365, as Allium flavum var. adriaticum
  9. ^ Priszter, Szaniszló. 1972. Botanikai Közlemenyek. Budapest 59(1): 46, as Allium flavum f. bulbilliferum
  10. ^ Allioni, Carlo. 1785. Flora Pedemontana sive Enumeratio Methodica Stirpium Indigenarum Pedemontii ii. 157., as Allium paniculatum
  11. ^ Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel 1837. Flora Telluriana 2: 19, as Kalabotis flavum
  12. ^ Archibald William Smith A Gardener's Handbook of Plant Names: Their Meanings and Origins, p. 258, at Google Books