Allium moly

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Golden garlic
lily leek
Allium moly
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. moly
Binomial name
Allium moly
L. 1753 not Griseb. & Schur ex Regel 1875 nor Ucria 1789 nor Georgi 1780[1]
  • Cepa moly (L.) Moench
  • Kalabotis moly (L.) Raf.
  • Molyza moly (L.) Salisb.
  • Nectaroscordum moly (L.) Galasso & Banfi
  • Allium aureum Lam.
  • Allium flavum Salisb. 1796, illegitimate homonym not L. 1753
  • Allium moly var. bulbilliferum Rouy

Allium moly, also known as yellow garlic,[3] golden garlic and lily leek, Is a species of flowering plant in the genus Allium, which also includes the flowering and culinary onions and garlic. A bulbous herbaceous perennial from the Mediterranean,[4][5] it is edible and also used as a medicinal and ornamental plant.[6][7]

Allium moly is primarily found in Spain and Southern France with additional populations in Italy, Austria, Czech Republic, Algeria, and Morocco.[2][8][9][10]

With lance-shaped grey-green leaves up to 30 cm long, in early summer it produces masses of star-shaped bright yellow flowers in dense umbels. The cultivar ‘Jeannine’ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[3]

The related Odyssey story[edit]

In The Odyssey, Odysseus visited the witch-goddess Circe. She turned half of his men into swine after feeding them cheese and wine. Hermes met with Odysseus and gave him a drug called moly, a resistance to Circe’s magic. Circe, being attracted to Odysseus' resistance, fell in love with him. Circe released his men. Odysseus and his crew remained with her on the island for one year, while they feasted and drank. Finally, Odysseus' men convinced Odysseus that it was time to leave for Ithaca.[11][6]

formerly included[2]


  1. ^ The International Plant Names Index
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b "RHS Plantfinder - Allium moly 'Jeannine'". Royal Horticultural Society. 1993. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  4. ^ Tropicos, Allium moly L.
  5. ^ Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris
  6. ^ a b Plants For A Future: Allium moly
  7. ^ Missouri Botanical Garden Gardening Help: Allium moly
  8. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana
  9. ^ Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich. Stapfia 95: 141-161.
  10. ^ Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic. Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  11. ^ Homer. 8th Century BCE. Ὀδύσσεια, Odýsseia