Allobates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Allobates
Allobates femoralis.jpg
Brilliant-thighed poison frog (Allobates femoralis)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Aromobatidae
Subfamily: Allobatinae
Genus: Allobates
Zimmermann and Zimmermann, 1988
Species

48, see text

Allobates is a genus of frogs in the Aromobatidae family.[1] They are native to the Central and South Americas, from Nicaragua to Bolivia and Brazil, with one species on Martinique.[1][2]

Description and ecology[edit]

Allobates are mostly small frogs. Dorsal colouration is cryptic, with the exception of the Allobates femoralis group that has bright colours. They are mostly terrestrial frogs found in the leaf litter of tropical rain forests. Most species deposit eggs in the leaf litter; tadpoles are transported to the water on the backs of the parents. Allobates nidicola and Allobates chalcopis, however, have endotrophic tadpoles that develop into froglets in the nest, without entering water.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Allobates includes 48 species:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Allobates Zimmermann and Zimmermann, 1988". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Vitt, Laurie J.; Caldwell, Janalee P. (2014). Herpetology: An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles (4th ed.). Academic Press. pp. 487–488. 
  3. ^ Philippe J. R. Kok, Monique Hölting, Raffael Ernst. A third microendemic to the Iwokrama Mountains of central Guyana: a new “cryptic” species of Allobates Zimmerman and Zimmerman, 1988 (Anura: Aromobatidae). Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 2013; DOI: 10.1007/s13127-013-0144-4
  4. ^ Simões, P.; Sturaro, M.; Peloso, P.; Lima, A. (2013). "A new diminutive species of Allobates Zimmermann and Zimmermann, 1988 (Anura, Aromobatidae) from the northwestern Rio Madeira—Rio Tapajós interfluve, Amazonas, Brazil". Zootaxa. 3609 (3): 251–273. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3609.3.1. 

External links[edit]

  • Data related to Allobates at Wikispecies
  • Media related to Allobates at Wikimedia Commons