(F.Muell. & F.M.Bailey) L.A.S.Johnson
Allocasuarina inophloia, also known as woolly oak, or stringybark she-oak, is a shrub or small tree of the she-oak family Casuarinaceae endemic to inland New South Wales and Queensland. The hairy bark is an unusual feature.
First collected near Roma in central Queensland, the stringybark she-oak was described by Ferdinand von Mueller and Frederick Manson Bailey in 1882 as Casuarina inophloia. Exactly 100 years later, Lawrie Johnson moved it to its current genus Allocasuarina in his revision of the she-oaks.
Allocasuarina inophloia grows as a small tree with an open habit ranging from 3 to 10 metres (10 to 33 ft) high. It is dioecious. Like all she-oaks, its foliage is composed of segmented branchlets with segments known as articles, its leaves reduced to tiny scales between them.
Distribution and habitat
In New South Wales it occurs in areas such as the Clarence River valley, Emmaville, Yetman, south to Waralda, while it ranges in Queensland north to Herberton. It is found in woodland on sandstone, ironstone or laterite ridges. Associated species include grasstrees (Xanthorrhoea) and eucalypts, such as drooping ironbark (Eucalyptus caleyi).
Northwest of Glen Innes it is found in tall scrub on granitic soil uplands with other dominant species such as the she-oak species Allocasuarina brachystachya, wattle species Acacia williamsiana and the endangered Severn River heath-myrtle (Micromyrtus grandis) and understory shrubs such as Leucopogon neo-anglicus and fringe myrtle (Calytrix tetragona).
Its shaggy bark gives the species its horticultural potential. It is frost hardy and able to tolerate poor soils.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Allocasuarina inophloia.|
- "Allocasuarina monilifera - Casuarinaceae Necklace sheoak". Australian Plants Society Tasmania Inc. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Casuarina inophloia F.Muell. & F.M.Bailey". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
- "Allocasuarina inophloia (F.Muell. & F.M.Bailey) L.A.S.Johnson". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
- "Plant Net - New South Wales Flora Online". Allocasuarina inophloia. NSW Government. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Ahrendt, Lucy (2006). "Allocasuarina inophloia". Growing Native Plants. Canberra, Australian Capital Territory: Australian National Botanic Gardens, Australian Government. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- "Allocasuarina inophloia (F.Muell. & F.M.Bailey) L.A.S.Johnson". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
- Hunter, John T.; Clark, Peter J. (1998). "The vegetation of granitic outcrop communities on the New England Batholith of eastern Australia" (PDF). Cunninghamia. 5 (3): 547–618.
- Downey, Paul O. (1998). "An inventory of host species for each aerial mistletoe species (Loranthaceae and Viscaceae) in Australia" (PDF). Cunninghamia. 5 (3): 685–720.