Allograpta

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Allograpta
Allograpta obliqua1366030.jpg
Allograpta obliqua male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Subfamily: Syrphinae
Tribe: Syrphini
Genus: Allograpta
Osten Sacken, 1875[1]
Type species
Scaeva obliqua
Say, 1823
Subgenera
Synonyms

Miogramma Frey, 1947[2]

Allograpta is a very large and diverse genus of hoverflies present throughout the world except most of the palearctic region. The adults are brightly coloured flower pollinators and most larvae have a predatory feeding mode involving soft-bodied sternorrhynchans. Certain species have diverged from this and their larvae have been found to be leaf-miners, stem-borers or pollen-feeders. Allograpta is currently being studied using both molecular and morphological methods to produce a robust phylogeny of the genus and its related genera. Preliminary studies show the genus to be monophyletic with the genera Sphaerophoria and Exallandra placed within which obviously complicates matters. A more complete review is needed before any major taxonomic changes can occur i.e. splitting the genus up or incorporating related genera.[1][3]

List of species by subgenus or species group[3][edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mengual, Ximo; Ståhls, Gunilla; Rojo, Santos (2008). "Molecular phylogeny of Allograpta (Diptera, Syrphidae) reveals diversity of lineages and non-monophyly of phytophagous taxa". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Elsevier. 49 (3): 715–727. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.09.011. PMID 18848633. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Smith, Kenneth G.V.; Vockeroth, J.R. (1980). Crosskey, R.W., ed. Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region (Print). London: British museum (Natural History). ISBN 0565 00821 8. 
  3. ^ a b Ximo Mengual; Carlos Ruiz; Santos Rojo; Gunilla Ståls; Frederic Christian Thompson (2009). "A conspectus of the flower fly genus Allograpta (Diptera: Syrphidae) with description of a new subgenus and species" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2214: 1–28. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  4. ^ a b c Marinoni, Luciane; Thompson, F. Christian (2003). "Flower flies of southeastern Brazil (Diptera: Syrphidae) Part I. Introduction and new species". Studia dipterologica. 10 (2): 565–578. ISSN 0945-3954.