AlmaLinux

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
AlmaLinux
AlmaLinux Icon Logo.svg
AlmaLinux 8.4 desktop screenshot.png
AlmaLinux 8.4 in the "Workstation" configuration, showing the Activities overview of the included GNOME desktop environment and its file manager, Files.
DeveloperThe AlmaLinux OS Foundation
Written inC (kernel)
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release30 March 2021 (16 months ago) (2021-03-30)
Latest release
9:9.0 / 26 May 2022 (2 months ago) (2022-05-26)
8:8.6 / 12 May 2022 (2 months ago) (2022-05-12)
Repositorygithub.com/AlmaLinux
Marketing targetServers, desktop computers, workstations, supercomputers
Update methodDNF
Package managerRPM
Platformsx86-64 AArch64 ppc64le s390x
Kernel typeMonolithic
UserlandGNU
Default
user interface
GNOME Shell, Bash
LicenseGPLv2 and others
Preceded byCentOS
Official websitealmalinux.org

AlmaLinux is a free and open source Linux distribution, created originally by CloudLinux to provide a community-supported, production-grade enterprise operating system that is binary-compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). The first stable release of AlmaLinux was published on March 30, 2021.[1]

History[edit]

On December 8, 2020, Red Hat announced that development of CentOS Linux, a free-of-cost downstream fork of the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), would be discontinued and its official support would be cut short to focus on CentOS Stream, a rolling release officially used by Red Hat to preview what is intended for inclusion in updates to RHEL.[2][3][4]

In response, CloudLinux – which maintains its own commercial Linux distribution, CloudLinux OS – created AlmaLinux to provide a community-supported spiritual successor to CentOS Linux, aiming for binary-compatibility with the current version of RHEL.[5] A beta version of AlmaLinux was first released on February 1, 2021,[6] and the first stable release of AlmaLinux was published on March 30, 2021.[1] AlmaLinux 8.x will be supported until 2029.[5] Numerous companies, such as ARM, AWS, Equinix, and Microsoft, also support AlmaLinux.[7] On March 30, 2021, the AlmaLinux OS Foundation was created to take over AlmaLinux development and governance from CloudLinux, which has promised $1 million in annual funding to the project.[8]

The name of the distribution comes from the Portuguese and Spanish word "alma", meaning "soul", chosen to be an homage to the Linux community.[9]

Releases[edit]

AlmaLinux version Codename Architectures RHEL base Kernel AlmaLinux release date RHEL release date Delay (days)
Old version, no longer maintained: 8.3 Purple Manul x86-64 8.3 4.18.0-240 2021-03-30[1] 2020-11-03[10] 147 / 110 *
Old version, no longer maintained: 8.4 Electric Cheetah x86-64, ARM64 8.4 4.18.0-305 2021-05-26[11] 2021-05-18[10] 8
Old version, no longer maintained: 8.5 Arctic Sphynx x86-64, ARM64, ppc64le 8.5 4.18.0-348 2021-11-12,[12] 2022-02-25[13] 2021-11-09[10] 3
Older version, yet still maintained: 8.6 Sky Tiger x86-64, ARM64, ppc64le 8.6 4.18.0-372 2022-05-12[14] 2022-05-10[10] 2
Current stable version: 9.0 Emerald Puma x86-64, ARM64, ppc64le, s390x 9.0 5.14.0-70.13.1 2022-05-26[15] 2022-05-17[10] 9

* AlmaLinux was announced 10 December 2020 (2020-12-10), first beta release was 53 days later.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Vaughan-Nichols, Steven J. (March 30, 2021). "CloudLinux Launches AlmaLinux, CentOS Linux clone". ZDNet. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  2. ^ "FAQ/CentOSStream - CentOS Wiki". wiki.centos.org. Retrieved 2021-06-20.
  3. ^ Salter, Jim (2020-12-10). "CentOS Linux is dead—and Red Hat says Stream is "not a replacement"". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2021-06-20.
  4. ^ Janvier 2021, Par Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols | Jeudi 14. "CloudLinux prépare le remplacement de CentOS Linux : AlmaLinux". ZDNet France (in French). Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  5. ^ a b AlmaLinux (January 26, 2021). "Frequently asked questions". Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  6. ^ Business Wire (February 1, 2021). "CloudLinux Releases AlmaLinux Beta". Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  7. ^ "AlmaLinux: Everything you need to know about the Linux operating system". IONOS Digitalguide. Retrieved 2022-05-10.
  8. ^ Business Wire (March 30, 2021). "CloudLinux Establishes AlmaLinux Open Source Foundation, Launches First Stable Release".
  9. ^ "FAQ | AlmaLinux Wiki". wiki.almalinux.org. Retrieved 2021-06-20.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Release Dates". Red Hat.
  11. ^ "AlmaLinux OS 8.4 Stable Now Available". almalinux.org. 2021-05-26. Retrieved 2021-05-28.
  12. ^ "AlmaLinux OS 8.5 Stable Now Available". almalinux.org. 2021-11-12. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  13. ^ "AlmaLinux for PowerPC 8.5 Stable Now Available!". almalinux.org. 2022-02-25. Retrieved 2022-03-11.
  14. ^ "AlmaLinux 8.6 Stable is Now Available!". almalinux.org. 2022-05-12. Retrieved 2022-05-13.
  15. ^ "AlmaLinux 9 Now Available!". almalinux.org. 2022-05-26. Retrieved 2022-05-26.

External links[edit]