Alma Siedhoff-Buscher

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Alma Siedhoff-Buscher
Alma Siedhoff-Buscher.jpg
Born4 January 1899
Kreuztal, Germany
Died25 September 1944(1944-09-25) (aged 45)
Buschlag, Germany
Other namesAlma Buscher; Alma Siedhoff
Education
Years active1923-1944
Known forFurniture and toy design
WorksFurniture for Haus am Horn
Spouse(s)de:Werner Siedhoff (1899-1976) (actor)
Children

Alma Siedhoff-Buscher (4 January 1899 – 25 September 1944), born Alma Buscher, was a German designer. She trained at the Reimann School in Berlin, the Unterrichtsanstalt des Kunstgewerbemuseums Berlin and the Bauhaus.

Life and Work[edit]

Alma Buscher was born on 4 January 1899 in Kreuztal in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.[1] From 1917 she studied at the Reimann School in Berlin, and aftewards at the Unterrichtsanstalt des Kunstgewerbemuseums Berlin, a former school of applied arts that was a department of the Berlin Museum of Decorative Arts (Kunstgewerbemuseum Berlin).[2]

In 1922 Buscher began studying at the Bauhaus in Weimar and like all students initially attended the preliminary course run by Johannes Itten and classes by Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky. She was subsequently accepted into the weaving workshop, but in 1923, under the guidance of Georg Muche and Josef Hartwig, she switched to the wood sculpture workshop. As part of the first exhibition of Bauhaus work in 1923, she designed furniture for the children’s room in the Haus am Horn in Weimar, as well as a puppet theater and children’s toys.[3]

In 1924, while Buscher was still a student, the Zeiss Kindergarten in Jena was fitted out with furniture she designed. In the same year her furniture designs and toys were shown at a conference held in Jena for kindergarten teachers, youth leaders and day-care providers and also at the Youth Welfare in Thuringia exhibition held in Weimar.[1]

She married the actor and dancer de:Werner Siedhoff (1899-1976) and when the Bauhaus moved to Dessau in 1925 and she and her husband also moved with it. She graduated in 1927, and they remained in Dessau until 1928.[2][1] She had two children with Siedhoff; the actor de:Joost Siedhoff, born 1926 and a daughter, Lore, born in 1928. From 1928, because of her husband's acting work, the family moved a number of times.[1]

Siedhoff-Buscher was killed in a World War II air raid in Buchschlag near Frankfurt am Main on 25 September 1944.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Siedhoff-Buscher's ship-building game at a 2016 exhibition in Tokyo.

Two of her most well known works were Kleine Schiffbauspiel ("Little ship-building game") which she made in 1923. It consists of 32 coloured wooden pieces and Große Schiffbauspiel made in 1924, which has 39 pieces. She also created the Wurfpuppen (bendy string dolls, with wooden heads) in 1923, and, in 1927, crane and sailing boat cut out kits, which were originally published by Otto Maier-Verlag in Ravensburg. The ship building games and the cut out kits became available again in 1977.[2][1]

A solo exhibition of her work, Alma Siedhoff-Buscher: Eine neue Welt für Kinder (Alma Siehoff-Buscher: a new world for children) was shown at the Bauhaus Museum, Weimar in 2004-2005 and at the Bauhaus Archive, Berlin in 2006.[2]

The 1923 Haus am Horn, which presented a revolutionary prototype for modern living and for which Siedhoff-Buscher designed furniture, has been part of the World Heritage Site Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau since 1996.[4] In 2018 it underwent a major restoration in preparation for the 2019 celebrations of the Bauhaus centenary.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Bauhaus100. Alma Siedhoff-Buscher. Retrieved 24 November 2018
  2. ^ a b c d Müller, Ulrike (2007). Die klugen Frauen von Weimar: Regentinnen, Salondamen, Schriftstellerinnen und Künstlerinnen. München: Elisabeth Sandmann Verlag
  3. ^ "Revolt, They Said". www.andreageyer.info. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  5. ^ Klassik Stiftung Weimar. Haus am Horn. Retrieved 9 December 2018

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