location in Albacete
|Autonomous community||Castile-La Mancha|
|Comarca||Altiplanicie de Almansa|
|Commonwealth||Monte Ibérico–Corredor de Almansa|
|• Mayor||Francisco J. Núñez Núñez (PP)|
|• Total||531.91 km2 (205.37 sq mi)|
|Elevation||712 m (2,336 ft)|
|• Density||46/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Almansa is a Spanish town and municipality in the province of Albacete, part of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. The name "Almansa" stems from the Arabic المنصف (al-manṣaf), "half way of the road". The municipality borders with Alicante, Valencia and Murcia. Almansa is famous for its Moros y Cristianos festival from celebrated from the 1st to the 6th of May.
Almansa is built at the foot of a white limestone crag, which is surmounted by a Moorish castle, and rises abruptly in the midst of a fertile and irrigated plain. About 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the town centre stands an obelisk commemorating the Battle of Almansa fought there on the 25 April 1707 during the War of Spanish Succession, in which a French, Spanish and Irish army under the command of duke of Berwick, a natural son of James II, routed the allied British, Portuguese and Spanish[dubious ] troops. Annual reenactments of that battle have been formally listed in the Spanish cultural register.
The Sierra del Mugrón is located within the Almansa city limits.
The main sightseeing attraction is the 14th-century Castle of Almansa.
There are other important monuments, such as:
- Church of la Asunción (16th-19th century)
- Palace of Los Condes de Cirat (16th century), today the Town Hall
- Church of the Agustinas Convent (18th century)
- The Convent of San Francisco (17th century)
- Clock Tower (1780)
8 km from the city is the reservoir of Almansa, built in 1584. This reservoir is the oldest one in Europe. 12 km from the city is the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Belen (17th century).
Camino de Santiago
Two pilgrim routes on the Camino de Santiago meet in Almansa. From the south comes the Camino de la Lana and from the east, the Camino de Levante. The Camino de la Lana joins Alicante with Burgos, and the Camino de Levante joins Valencia with Zamora.
- Asín Palacios, Miguel (1940). Contribución a la toponimia árabe de España. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. p. 66.
- Celdrán, Pancracio (2004). Diccionario de topónimos españoles y sus gentilicios (in Spanish). Madrid: Espasa Calpe. p. 54. ISBN 978-84-670-3054-9.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 712.
- (in Spanish) Portal of Almansa