Almeida-Sanchez v. United States

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Almeida-Sanchez v. United States
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued March 19, 28, 1973
Decided June 21, 1973
Full case name Almeida-Sanchez v. United States
Citations 413 U.S. 266 (more)
93 S. Ct. 2535; 37 L. Ed. 2d 596; 1973 U.S. LEXIS 44
Prior history Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Searches of automobiles must still have probable cause even in the absence of a warrant.
Court membership
Chief Justice
Warren E. Burger
Associate Justices
William O. Douglas · William J. Brennan, Jr.
Potter Stewart · Byron White
Thurgood Marshall · Harry Blackmun
Lewis F. Powell, Jr. · William Rehnquist
Case opinions
Majority Stewart, joined by Douglas, Brennan, Marshall, Powell
Concurrence Powell
Dissent White, joined by Burger, Blackmun, Rehnquist
Laws applied
U.S. Const. amend. IV

Almeida-Sanchez v. United States, 413 U.S. 266 (1973), was a United States Supreme Court case.

This case involved the United States border patrol which conducted a search without warrant or probable cause. The vehicle was stopped and searched an automobile for illegal aliens twenty-five miles (40 km) from the Mexican border.[1] The Court approached the search from two views: automobile search and border search. As to the validity of the search under the automobile exception, the Court found no justification for the search under the Carroll doctrine because there was no probable cause. The Court added that "the Carroll doctrine does not declare a field day for the police in searching automobiles. Automobile or no automobile, there must be probable cause for the search."


  1. ^ "Almeida-Sanchez v. United States 413 U.S. 266 (1973)". Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. Gale. 2000. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Santana, Mark R. (1975). "Almeida-Sanchez and Its Progeny: The Developing Border Zone Search Law". Arizona Law Review. 17: 214.