Almería air raid shelters
The Spanish city of Almería suffered up to 52 bombings from air and sea, with a total of 754 bombs dropped during the Spanish Civil War. This led to the decision to create a system of underground shelters for the protection of, approximately, 40,000 civilians. These shelters measure more than 4.5 km long, and they are equipped with a surgery room and a food storage room. They were designed by the local architect Guillermo Langle Rubio, being today the most important and better preserved shelters in all Europe. These refuges have stood the most important attack in all Almería's history, the Bombardment of Almería, by the nazis in 1937.
Its history began on 22 January 1937, after signing a project known as "The Project of Shelters against bombings in the city of Almería. The cost of its construction was estimated to be 4.5 million pesetas, of which the Central Government subsidized for 2 million. During the construction of these shelters, the government of the city established a special tax of 1% on all purchases to allow this expenditure, along with the cooperation of political parties and unions, contributions from business and voluntary labor work of some citizens. Its construction took a total of 16 months.
There is only one original plan, which is supposedly incomplete, that of the layout of the shelters. It is a document printed on onionskin paper dating from 1937, which designs for engravings on the outside of the shelters taken after rehabilitation.
- Virginia Martínez Ruiz. "los refugios de la guerra civil" (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- Milagros Soler. "Refugios de la ciudad de Almería" (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- Alberto M. Molina (15 January 2009). "Paseo subterráneo a través de los refugios de la Guerra Civil" (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 July 2012.