Almirante Clemente-class destroyer

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Venezuelan frigate Genereal José Trinidad Moran (F-12).JPEG
Destroyer General Moran
Class overview
Name: Almirante Clemente class
Builders: Ansaldo Stabilimento Luigi Orlando, Livorno
Operators:  Bolivarian Armada of Venezuela
Preceded by: Captain class
Completed: 6
Retired: 6
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • Standard: 1,300 tons
  • Full load: 1,500 tons
Length: 99.1 m (325 ft)
Beam: 10.8 m (35 ft)
Draught: 3.7 m (12 ft)
Propulsion: 2 Foster Wheeler boilers 650 psi (4.5 MPa), 850 °F (454 °C)), Parsons steam turbines, 2 shafts, 24,000 horsepower (18 MW)
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range: 3,500 nmi (6,500 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Complement: 162
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • AN/SPS-6 air search radar
  • AN/SPS-10 surface search radar
  • AN/SPG-34 fire control radar
  • AN/SQS-4 sonar
Armament:

The Almirante Clemente class of destroyer escorts is a class of warships built for several countries. The class was designed by Luigi Ansaldo Ficantieri for the Venezuelan Naval Forces, currently Venezuelan Navy, in the 1950s to complement its Nueva Esparta-class destroyers.

The Venezuelan Navy has 2 out of 6 ships originally ordered, and Portugal, Algeria, and Indonesia each have 2 ships of this design. In the Portuguese navy, these ships are referred as patrol boats. In the 1950s Venezuelan Navy, the ships were classified as DLV (Destroyer Light Vessel) or light destroyers, in the 1980s were reclassified as ASW frigate, and are currently classified as coast guard vessels.

Technical specifications[edit]

These ships include among their specs these characteristics:

The usage of the fin stabilizer is a weapons systems support device to stabilize the ship making it a more steady gun platform in rough seas. This can be tracked to HMS Bittern, the most of the Hunt-class destroyers after refit have it, but the very first Battle-class destroyers HMS Finisterre and HMS Camperdown have it, even ships as HMS Amethyst have it, but do not use form higher consumption of power, according to several conversations lines in the Maritime History forum MARHST in the US navy ships as USS Gyatt (DD-712) have it.

Ships in class[edit]

Code Name Shipyard ID Keel date Launch date Commissioned AA & ASW Refit Weapons Refit Coast Guard Major maint. Status Decommissioned Life Cycle
D12 Almirante Clemente 1491 05/05/1954 12/12/1954 04/12/1956 N/A 1968/75 1984/85 1986 Dismantled 2011 >51,22
D13 General Flores 1493 05/05/1954 12/12/1954 1956 N/A 1968/75 N/A N/A Sunk 1978 22
D22 General Moran 1492 05/05/1954 12/12/1954 10/01/1957 N/A 1968/75 1984/85 1986 Dismantled 2009 >51,12
D23 Almirante Brión 1496 12/12/1954 04/09/1955 1957 1962 N/A N/A N/A Sunk 1978 22
D32 General Austria 1497 12/12/1954 04/09/1956 1957 1962 N/A N/A N/A Sunk 1976 20
D33 Almirante García 1498 12/12/1954 12/10/1956 1957 1962 N/A N/A N/A Sunk 1977 21

Venezuelan Navy[edit]

Ships[edit]

Almirante Clemente (F-11) and General Moran (F-12) during UNITAS XX

The construction contracts for these destroyers were awarded on 25/01/1954, and their names were an homage to Venezuelan war of independence heroes who lie at Panteón Nacional:

Almirante Clemente-class destroyer
  • D-12 Almirante Clemente, named after Lino de Clemente, an officer of the Spanish and Venezuelan navies and prominent politician in early Venezuela. Sunk in 2009.
  • D-13 General Flores, named after Juan José Flores, Venezuelan soldier, as well as the first president of Ecuador. Sunk in 1978.
  • D-22 General Moran, named after José Trinidad Moran, a soldier who fought with Simón Bolívar's independence movement. transferred to Coast Guard. Ship has been removed from service and partially been dismantled as of 2011.[3]
  • D-23 Almirante Brion, named after Luis Brión, an admiral in Bolivar's navy. Sunk in 1978.
  • D-32 General Austria, named after José de Austria, a general under Francisco de Miranda's command. Sunk in 1976.
  • D-33 Almirante Garcia, named after José María García, a naval officer under Juan Bautista Arismendi. Sunk in 1977.

Fleet Arrangement[edit]

  • First Division
    • D11 Nueva Esparta (Nueva Esparta Class Destroyer)
    • D12 Almirante Clemente (Almirante Clemente class)
    • D13 General Flores (Almirante Clemente class)
  • Second Division
    • D21 Zulia (Nueva Esparta class)
    • D22 General Moran (Almirante Clemente class)
    • D23 Almirante Brion (Almirante Clemente class)
  • Third Division
    • D31 Aragua (Nueva Esparta class)
    • D32 General Austria (Almirante Clemente class)
    • D33 Almirante Garcia (Almirante Clemente class)

References[edit]

  • Jane's fighting ships edition 1970-71

External links[edit]