Almora

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Almora
अल्मोड़ा
Hill station
Nickname(s): Cultural City
Almora is located in Uttarakhand
Almora
Almora
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Coordinates: 29°37′N 79°40′E / 29.62°N 79.67°E / 29.62; 79.67Coordinates: 29°37′N 79°40′E / 29.62°N 79.67°E / 29.62; 79.67
Country  India
State Uttarakhand
District Almora
Area
 • Total 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 1,642 m (5,387 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,50,550
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 263601
Telephone code 91-5962
Vehicle registration UK-01
Sex ratio 1132 /
Climate Alpine (BSh) and Humid subtropical(Bsh) (Köppen)
Avg. annual temperature −3 to 28 °C (27 to 82 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 12 to 28 °C (54 to 82 °F)
Avg. winter temperature −3 to 15 °C (27 to 59 °F)
Website almora.nic.in

Almora is a municipal board and a cantonment town in the Almora district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. Almora was founded in 1568.[1] It is the district headquarters of Almora district.[2]

It is considered the cultural heart of the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand.

The nearest railway station is Kathgodam 82 km (via Bhimtal), 86 km (via NH 87). Pantnagar Airport is the nearest at 113 km.

Administration[edit]

Municipal board Almora established in 1864.

Cantonment Board Almora established in 1815.

Census Town Khatyari, Almora.

Geography[edit]

Almora is at 29°37′N 79°40′E / 29.62°N 79.67°E / 29.62; 79.67.[3] It has an average elevation of 1,861 metres (6,100 feet). It is on a ridge at the southern edge of the Kumaon Hills of the Himalaya range. In the shape of a horse saddle shaped hillock, it is surrounded by thick forests of pine and fir trees. Flowing alongside the city are rivers of Koshi, (Kaushiki), and Suyal (Salmale). The snow-capped Himalayas can be seen in the background.

Almora got its name from "kilmora" a short plant found nearby region, which was used for washing the utensils of Katarmal Temple. The people bringing kilmora were called Kilmori and later "Almori" and the place came to be known as "Almora".[citation needed]

Distances[edit]

ISBT - Here an interstate bus terminal is constructing near lower mall road which will be very helpful for establishing a large tourist network in city and around nearby destinations of kumaon region.It will be the first ISBT of uttarakhand in hilly region.

Demography[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Almora had a population of 30,613. Males number 16,443 and constitute roughly 53.7% of the population and females number 14,170 or roughly 46.3%. Almora has an average literacy rate of 84.09%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 86.39% of the males and 81.43% of females literate. Nearly 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Schools[edit]

Koormanchal Academy

NBU International School

Kendriya Vidyalaya Almora

Vivekanand Girls Inter College

Vivekanand Intermediate College

Adam's Girls Inter College

Holy Angel Public School

New Modern Public School

New Inspiration School

Maharishi Vidya Mandir

Beersheba Sr. Secondary Public School

Sharada Public School

Almora Inter College

Ramsay's Inter College

Govt. Girls Inter College

Govt. Inter College

Aarya Kanya Inter College

St. Paul public school

Army Public School

Grace Public School

Green Field Public School

Spring Dales public school

Saraswati Shishu Mandir Narsingh Badi, Shivaji Nagar, Jeewan Dham

Lorraine's Public School

Mangal Deep Vidya Mandir

Quotes[edit]

These mountains are associated with the best memories of our race: Here, therefore, must be one of centres, not merely of activity, but more of calmness of meditation, and of peace and I hope some one to realize it.

— Swami Vivekananda (replying to the address given to him by the people of Almora.)

Temples[edit]

Almora has many noted temples, including Kasar Devi, Nanda Devi, Doli Daana, Shyayi Devi, Khakmara, Asht Bhairav, Jakhandevi, Katarmal (Sun Temple), Pataal Devi, Raghunath Mandir, Badreshwar, Banari Devi, Chitai, Jageshwar, Binsar Mahadev, Garhnath and Baijnath.

Kasar Devi temple was visited by Swami Vivekananda and this area has a Chabad House.[5] Rudreshwar Mahadev Temple, near Sanara Ganiya, is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is beside the river Ram Ganga. A sun temple (only the second in the world) is at Katarmal, a short distance from the town. The famous temple of Manila Devi, Devi Maa, the family goddess of the Katyuri clan, lies around 85 km from Ranikhet. Udaipur a famous temple of Golu devta is 5 km. from Binta near Dwarahat.

Dunagiri has the highly revered temple of Shakti or Mother Goddess. Dunagiri is known as the birthplace of modern-day Kriya Yoga. There is a very famous and notable temple in Almora district which is in the village of Chaura near Bhaisor Gaun, Someshwar. This temple is dedicated to lord Golu who is considered as a lord of justice in Uttarakhand. This temple is about 40 km from Almora town. Another very famous temple of Almora district is Airdau which is in Someshwar. Someshwar is a small town of Almora which is very rich in agricultural way.

Pandu Kholi is another famous and ancient temple in Almora district. According to Hindu mythology Pandvas spent some time here to escape from Dhuryodhana. The distance of this temple from Almora is about 80 km. Another very ancient and holy Shiva temple in Someshwar town is known as Khakeshwar Mahadev temple. It is in the area of village Bhaisor Gaun on the bank of a river.

View of Almora, with soldiers of 3rd Gurkha Rifles, 1895.

District administration[edit]

Presently, district administration is headed by the District Magistrate, who is also the head of the Civil Service in the entire district. The District Magistrate is empowered to decide on issues relating to public law and order and general administration. Under the District Magistrate are Additional District Magistrate and Sub-divisional Magistrates. The number of sub-divisional magistrates varies from district to district. There are nine sub-divisions in Almora district. In Someshwar, Ranikhet and many other small areas exists tehsil as well.

List of district magistrates[edit]

  • Shri Chanar Ram
  • Shri Rajeev Chandra
  • Smt. Nidhi Mani Tripathi
  • Shri Suvardhan
  • DS Garbyal
  • Akshat Gupta
  • Shri Vinod Kumar Suman
  • Shri Savin Bansal

List of taluks[edit]

1.Hawalbagh 2.Ranikhet 2.Dwarahat 4.Jainty 5.Bhanoli 6.Syalde 7.Sult 8.Chaukhtia 9.Bhikiyasan

Institutions[edit]

  • G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, Ranikhet road
  • ICAR Vivekanand Hill Agriculture and Research, Mall road
  • GIHM Nainital road
  • Govt. Girls Polytechnic College Patal Devi
  • NRDMS Kumaon University
  • CEMS Almora
  • Govt. Law college SSJ Campus

Media and communications[edit]

All India Radio has a local station in Almora which transmits programs of mass interest.

Notable people[edit]

Almora Bazaar, c1860
Kosi River valley near Almora, Uttarakhand, India
  • Rabindranath Tagore spent time in Almora and purchased a house in nearby Ramgarh where he stayed during the First World War.
  • Swami Vivekananda visited Almora thrice during his Himalayan sojourns. He expressed great eagerness in making an Ashrama in the bosom of Himalayas for the practice of pure Advaita Vedanta.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was in the Almora jail for a short time during the freedom struggle.
  • Govind Ballabh Pant (10 September 1887 – 7 March 1961), noted freedom fighter, first chief minister of Uttar Pradesh and later Home Minister of India, was born in Almora.
  • Uday Shankar's dance school was established at Almora in the late 1930's. Ravi Shankar, BabaAlauddin Khan, Ali Akbar Khan, Annapurna Devi,Amala Shankar et al were some of the celebrities among people who became famous later and learnt to dance and act here like Guru Dutt, Zohra Sehgal.
  • Sumitranandan Pant, (May 20, 1900 – December 28, 1977) one of the most famous modern Hindi poets, was born at Kausani village of Bageshwar, in the hills of Kumaon.
  • Bhairab Dutt Pande, former cabinet secretary of India and governor of West Bengal, Punjab was a resident of Almora.
  • Sir Ronald Ross, winner in 1902 of Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his path-breaking discovery in malaria parasite, was born here in 1857.
  • Manohar Shyam Joshi the eminent Hindi writer and Indian TV's soap opera pioneer was from an Almora family of Galli village.
  • Swami Satyananda Saraswati of the Bihar School of Yoga and Rikhiapeeth was born in Almora on 25 December 1923 in Zamindari Family of Bhikiyasen and Gaja.
  • Anagarika Govinda a leading authority on Tibetan Buddhism lived in Almora for a long time, along with his partner Li Gotami.
  • Alfred Sorensen, John Blofeld, Beat Poets Allen Ginsberg, Peter Orlovsky and Gary Snyder - the original Dharma Bums, the LSD Gurus Timothy Leary and Ralph Metzner, the psychiatrist R. D. Laing, and Tibetologist Robert Thurman were among the many celebrities who lived or stayed in Almora.
  • Walter Evans-Wentz, Anthropologist and pioneer of Tibetan Buddhism studies lived in Almora.
  • American actress Uma Thurman spent a small part of her childhood at Crank's Ridge, near Almora, with her father Robert Thurman.
  • Begum Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan (née Sheila Irene Pant) (1905 - June 13, 1990) was born in a Kumauni Hindu-turned-Christian family at Almora. She was the wife of Pakistan's first prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan.
  • ComradeP.C. Joshi, the first chairman of the Communist Party of India (CPI), was born in Almora.
  • Murli Manohar Joshi, the Union Human Resources Development minister of India (born January 5, 1934) in the NDA government.
  • B.C. Joshi, General Bhuwan Chandra Joshi, PVSM, AVSM, ADC (1935 - November 19, 1994) was the Chief of Army Staff (CoAS) of the Indian Army, belongs to Almora district (Talladaniya).
  • Devendra Kumar Joshi former chief of Naval Staff, Admiral D. K. Joshi, PVSM, AVSM, ADC, YSM (born: July 4, 1954) in Almora
  • Shivani, popular Hindi writer was from Almora
  • Prasoon Joshi, writer poet-lyrcist Adguru
  • Singer-musician Mohan Upreti, and many other artistic gems have roots in Almora.
  • Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian cricketer, has his roots here. Dhoni's father is from the Lwali village here before he settled in Ranchi in 1964.
  • Ekta Bisht is an Indian women's cricket player. She is a left-handed batswoman and slow left-arm orthodox bowler. She is the first International woman cricketer from Uttarakhand.
  • Baba Hari Dass (Hari Datt Karnatak, also known as Haridas Baba, born in Almora, 26 March 1923), a silent master yogi, founder of several teaching projects in US, Canada, and India, builder of temples and the author of scriptural commentaries.
  • Nilamber Pant, former vice chairman of ISRO and a Padma Shri winner.[6]
  • Roop Durgapal, is a Television actress from Almora who rose to fame through her role in the longest running cult TV show Balika Vadhu. She has worked in various other TV shows like, Swaragini , Kuch Rang Pyar Ke Aise Bhi, Baalveer & Akbar Birbal apart from appearing in several tv commercials too.She holds a degree in Instrumentation & controls engineering & is a trained Software Engineer as well.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Almora history
  2. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 174. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Almora
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ Kasar Devi
  6. ^ "Shri N. Pant". Space Applications Centre, ISRO. 2015. Retrieved July 18, 2015. 

External links[edit]