Alnwick branch line
|Alnwick Branch Line|
North east England
|Successor||North Eastern Railway|
|Line length||2 3⁄4 miles (4.4 km)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The Alnwick branch line is a partly closed railway line in Northumberland, northern England. A heritage railway operates a short section of the line, which originally ran from Alnmouth railway station, on the East Coast Main Line, to the town of Alnwick, a distance of 2 3⁄4 miles (4.4 km).
It opened on 5 August 1850 to both freight and passenger traffic; passenger operations included direct Newcastle to Alnwick services, as well as regular shuttle runs between Alnmouth and Alnwick. As late as 1966, some of the Alnmouth to Alnwick shuttles were operated by steam locomotives.
All Newcastle-Alnwick services and some local trains were taken over by diesel multiple units from 21 April 1958, with schedules cut by up to 15 minutes.
Passenger service was withdrawn in January 1968 and completely in October 1968 on cost grounds. The old embankment after the line had crossed the A1 road now forms the rear boundary of some of the gardens on the Royal Oak Gardens residential development.
Preservation and revival
|Aln Valley Railway|
Hudswell Clarke 0-6-0T no. 9 "Richboro", arriving into Alnwick Lionheart Station.
North East England
|Name||Alnwick Branch Line|
|Built by||York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway|
|Original gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Operated by||Aln Valley Railway Trust|
|Length||0.5 miles (1 km)|
|Preserved gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Opened||5 August 1850|
|Closed||29 January 1968|
|1995||Aln Valley Railway Society formed|
|April 2000||Aln Valley Railway takes up residence at Longhoughton Station Goods Yard|
|1 July 2010||Planning Permission granted for new Alnwick Lionheart station and reopened railway to Edenhill Bridge|
|27 February 2012||Construction of Alnwick Lionheart station begins|
|28 March 2013||Passenger rides begin|
|30 October 2013||Alnwick Lionheart station officially opened|
|28 December 2017||Passenger trains return to the original trackbed|
The Aln Valley Railway is a heritage railway based in Alnwick, Northumberland. Construction of the railway is an ongoing project with the eventual intention being to reopen the old Alnwick Branch Line from the newly completed Alnwick Lionheart terminus station in Alnwick (not built on the site of the original station due to it being unavailable and there being new buildings on some of the trackbed into the town centre) to Alnmouth station. At present the railway carries passengers for approximately 0.5 miles (1 km) from the new Lionheart station along a short section of the original route but work is currently underway to extend the line towards Edenhill Bridge in the short-term (see below). The railway project is managed by the Aln Valley Railway Trust (AVRT), a registered charity.
The project first emerged with the foundation of the Aln Valley Railway Society (since merged into the Aln Valley Railway Trust) in 1995 and plans were announced in 1997 to reopen almost the entire length of the original branch line. However this proposal would have required the construction of a costly bridge over the A1 Dual Carriageway on the edge of Alnwick (and was later hindered further by the construction of a Lidl supermarket on the approach to the original station) and so plans were later revised and it was instead decided that a new station should be built on site close to where the A1 intersected the original line.
Between April 2000 and November 2014 the Aln Valley Railway also had a presence at Longhoughton goods yard, where rolling stock and other items were temporarily stored and prepared for eventual movement to the Lionheart site, once it became available.
Planning permission was granted by Northumberland County Council on 1 July 2010 and the lease for the site signed on 22 February 2012. The site first opened to visitors five months later on 14 July, but only to demonstrate the ongoing work alongside exhibits of rolling stock as well as an indoor exhibition area, café, souvenir shop and model railway; the first train (an engineer's train) did not run until 3 November 2012. Passengers were first carried 28 March 2013 using the railway's Wickham trolley, a service which continued throughout the 2013 season. Later that year, on 10 September, the first trial steam service was operated (though not for public passengers) and the railway was formally opened by the Duke of Northumberland on 30 October 2013.
Following the virtual completion of the initial plans for Lionheart station, the railway began works to extend the line onto the original trackbed of the Alnwick Branch Line (which passed the site in a cutting and thus had to be partially raised so as to allow trains to gradually descend from the station) in October 2015. On 28 December 2017, a public passenger train from Lionheart station ran along a section of the original branch line for the first time since the line closed nearly 50 years previously. As of August 2018, passenger trains regularly run from Lionheart station to Alndyke Farm Crossing, just beyond Bridge 6.
In July 2018, the AVRT was awarded a Rural Development Programme for England grant (using funds jointly provided by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) together with 20% match funding from Sustrans which constitute a total of £146,600. The grant is to be used to cover the costs of groundworks and track materials to extend the running line for a further 1 mile to a point just before the line passed under Edenhill Bridge where it will also cover the costs of constructing a new station, Greenrigg Halt, together with a run-round loop. A railway coach - BG No. 31407 - will also be purchased and converted to provide facilities for the new station.
Though it remains the goal of the AVRT to reopen the rest of the line through to Alnmouth, for it to continue beyond Edenhill Bridge, it must obtain a Transport and Works Act Order. Further planning permission will also be required and a lease will have to be negotiated with Network Rail for the final section of the former line into Alnmouth station, which ran alongside to the East Coast Main Line.
- Hudswell Clarke 0-6-0 T no. 9 "Richboro", built in 1917. Operational
- Hawthorn Leslie 0-4-0 ST no. 3799 "Penicuik", built in 1935. Stored undercover at Lionheart. Undergoing cosmetic restoration.
- Drewry 0-6-0 DM no. 8199 "Drax", built in 1963. Operational.
- Andrew Barclay 0-6-0 no. 615, built in 1977. Operational and on loan (private owner). This was the final surface locomotive to work for the National Coal Board.
- British Rail Class 11 0-6-0 no. 12088 "Shirley", built in 1951. Operational. Undergoing major overhaul (April 2017). Also requires minor body work before being repainted into BR black.
- Ruston and Hornsby 0-4-0 no. S518256, built in 1948. Pending major restoration.
- Ruston and Hornsby 0-4-0 no. L2, built in 1952. Requiring major works. Currently on display at the entrance of the Lionheart site.
Diesel Multiple Units
|Western end – Alnwick railway station|
|Lionheart railway station complex|
|Eastern end – Alnmouth railway station|
- Boost for railway as major funding agreed - Northumberland GazetteNorthumberland Gazette; Retrieved 2018-19-08
- Railway Magazine June 1958 p. 432
- "Home - Aln Valley Railway". Aln Valley Railway. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- Charity Commission. THE ALN VALLEY RAILWAY TRUST, registered charity no. 1063332.
- "About Us - Aln Valley Railway". Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln_Valley_Railway_Newsletter_Mar2012" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln_Valley_Railway_Newsletter_Jun2012" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- Branch Line News (1174): 420/12. 8 December 2012.CS1 maint: untitled periodical (link)
- "Aln_Valley_Railway_Newsletter_Mar2013" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln_Valley_Railway_Newsletter_Apr2013" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln_Valley_Railway_Newsletter_Sep2013" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- Daniel, Brian (7 October 2013). "Northumberland steam rail link set to reopen after 45 years - The Journal". The Journal. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln_Valley_Railway_Newsletter_Nov2013" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln Valley Railway Newsletter November 2015". Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln_Valley_Railway_Newsletter_December_2017" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln_Valley_Railway_Newsletter_February_2018" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln Valley Railway July - August 2018". Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Latest - Grant Funding Awarded - Aln Valley Railway". Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- Nigel, Devereux (24 July 2018). "Aln Valley Railway bags £146k grant for new halt and run-round - Heritage Railway". Heritage Railway. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Aln Valley Railway Trust".
- Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0049-7. OCLC 19514063. CN 8983.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137.
- Jowett, Alan (2000). Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas (1st ed.). Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687.
- "Northumbrian Railways".
- "Sub Brit Page".
- "RAILSCOT on Alnwick Branch (York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway)".
- "RAILSCOT on Cornhill Branch (North Eastern Railway)".
- "RAILSCOT on Newcastle and Berwick Railway".
- BVE simulation of Alnmouth to Alnwick
- The line on navigable O.S. map