Alnashsky District

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Alnashsky District
Алнашский район (Russian)
Алнаш ёрос (Udmurt)
Location of Alnashi Region (Udmurtia).svg
Location of Alnashsky District in the Udmurt Republic
Alnashi centre.jpg
View of Alnashi, the administrative center of the district
Coat of Arms of Alnashi Region (Udmurtia).svg
Flag of Alnashi Region (Udmurtia).svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Udmurt Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of July 2012)
Administrative center selo of Alnashi[2]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
selsoviet 12
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Rural localities 81
Municipal structure (as of July 2005)
Municipally incorporated as Alnashsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 12
Statistics
Area 896 km2 (346 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 20,403 inhabitants[5]
• Urban 0%
• Rural 100%
Density 22.77/km2 (59.0/sq mi)[6]
Time zone SAMT (UTC+04:00)[7]
Official website
Alnashsky District on WikiCommons

Alnashsky District (Russian: Ална́шский райо́н; Udmurt: Алнаш ёрос) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-five in the Udmurt Republic, Russia. It is located in the south of the republic. The area of the district is 896 square kilometers (346 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Alnashi.[2]

Geographic information[edit]

The district is bordered by Grakhovsky District of Udmurtia in the west, Mozhginsky District of Udmurtia in the north, also by Agryzsky District of the Republic of Tatarstan in the east and by Mendeleevsky District of Tatarstan in the south-west. The area of the district is 896 square kilometers.[8]

Relief and Soil[edit]

The district is located in the Mozhga Hills that is a weak-high plain with calm character of relief. At the preagriculrural time in the vegetative cover fir-spruce forests with broad-leaved trees (lime tree, maple, oak, elm, common hazel) were dominated. At the present time second aspen-birchen and lime forests are dominated.[9] The woodiness - 18,0 %.[10]

The district is dominated by Alfisols and sod-calcareous loamy soils that have high natural fertility and are some of the best soils in Udmurtia.[11]

Climate[edit]

The average annual temperature varies between + 2,3-2,6 °C. The average temperature in January is -14,0-14,2 °C, in July is + 18,9-19,2 °C. The amount of active temperature is 2000-2100 °C. The frost-free period lasts about 130–135 days per year, the annual rainfall - 490–530 mm.[9]

Hydrology[edit]

The district is located in the basin of the Kama River, the southern boundary of the district runs along the banks of the Nizhnekamsk reservoir. On the territory of Alnashsky District there are rivers - Varzi, Toyma, Alnashka, Varali, Varaga, Utchanka and many others. The average annual runoff of rivers is 4.5-5.0 l / s*km², the density of the river network - 0.58 km / km².[9] At the beginning of 2009, the water fund of the district is 677 hectares.[12]

History[edit]

The Alnashsky District was established July 15, 1929 from 15 village Soviets (Selsoviets, or village councils) of the Alnashskaya volost and the Bolshekib'inskaya volost of the Mozhginsky Uezd. At the time in the structure of the district there were included Azamatovsky, Alnashsky, Asanovsky, Bayteryakovsky, Bolshekib'insky, Varzi-Yatchinsky, Voznesensky, Gondyrevsky, Ivanovsky, Kadikovsky, Kucherenovsky, Muvazhinsky, Piseevsky, Staroutchansky, Tutashevsky, Udmurt-Toymobashsky and Chemoshur-Kuyuksky village Soviets. In 1932, in the structure of the district from Tatarstan the Staroyum'insky village Soviet was additionally passed.[13] In 1937 during the formation of the Pychassky District some village Soviets of the Alnashsky District were passed into its composition. In 1954, there was the consolidation of village Soviets, their number reduced to 10. In 1963, the district was abolished and its territory became a part of the Mozhginsky District, but in 1965 the Alnashsky District was restored.[14]

The modern structure of the district was formed as a result of the municipal reform in 2006. At the moment, the district consists of 12 rural settlements.

Rural settlement Administrative center The number
of inhabited
localities
Population
(January 1,
2015)[15]
Area,
hectare[8]
(2012)
municipal formation "Azamatovskoe" Azamatovo 10 1260 8868
municipal formation "Alnashskoe" Alnashi 1 6047 1305
municipal formation "Asanovskoe" Nizhnee Asanovo 5 895 5866
municipal formation "Bayteryakovskoe" Bayteryakovo 11 1221 10198
municipal formation "Varzi-Yatchinskoe" Varzi-Yatchi 6 1884 8203
municipal formation "Kuzebaevskoe" Kuzebaevo 5 857 7516
municipal formation "Muvazhinskoe" Muvazhi 5 653 4179
municipal formation "Piseevskoe" Piseevo 3 847 6268
municipal formation "Romashkinskoe" Alnashi 15 1260 13905
municipal formation "Staroutchanskoe" Staryy Utchan 10 1050 9177
municipal formation "Tekhnikumovskoe" Asanovsky sovkhoz-tekhnikum 3 1650 3352
municipal formation "Udmurt-Toymobashskoe" Udmurtsky Toymobash 7 1159 10763

Population[edit]

Population: 20,403 (2010 Census);[5] 22,258 (2002 Census);[16] 21,931 (1989 Census).[17] The population of Alnashi accounts for 30.9% of the district's total population.[5] The average population density - 22.77 pers. / km². The district occupies the 11th place in the population and 4th place in the density among the municipal districts of Udmurtia. On January 1, 2013, from 81 Inhabited localities of the district 7 had no permanent population.[18]

In 2011, the birth rate was 18,3 ‰, mortality rate - 15,4 ‰, the natural population growth - 2,9 ‰. The population of the district continues to decline due to migration loss (the difference between the number of departures and arrivals on the territory of the district), in 2011 the migration population loss amounted to 511 people.[11] The total number of pensioners in the district is 5440 persons, youth from 18 to 29 years - 5490 persons, voters - 15900 persons.[19]

Ethnic composition[edit]

As a result of the 2002 census, among the district population Udmurts turned out 81.7%, Russians - 12.2%, Tatars - 3.4%, Mari - 2.1%.[20][21] The Alnashsky District is one of 16 rural district of the Udmurt Republic where Udmurts make up the majority,[21] as well as one of the four districts of compact residence of Mari people.[22] Besides, the Alnashsky District along with the Grakhovsky District and the Kiznersky District is the residence territory of the Kryashens in the rural area of Udmurtia.[23]

Jewish community[edit]

In the district fairly large the rural Jewish community was located,[24][25][26][27] whose members spoke the Alnashic subdialect of the Udmurt Idiom of Yiddish[25][28][29] (see Jews from Udmurtia and Tatarstan), and also many Jews spoke Udmurt and/or Tatar languages.[25][29][30] The Ashkenazi Jews in the Alnashsky District first appeared in the early 20th century (in the 1910s and 1920s).[25][28] In the 1940–1960s the maximum number of the Jews in the district was 25–35 humans.[31] The primary residences of the Jews there were three settlements: the village (selo) of Alnashi, the village (selo) of Varzi-Yatchi and the hamlet (derevnya) of Garga.[25][28][32] The Alnashsky District's Jewry celebrated all Jewish holydays except for Tu Bishvat. The most revered feasts were Passover (Pesach), Simchat Torah (Simches To(y)reh), Yom Kippur (Yom Kipper), Hanukkah and Purim.[25][28] The Udmurts of the district often mistook the Jews for Russians but sometimes for russianized Germans or Udmurts.[33] In the 1980s, the Jews practically left Alnashsky District however in 2015 it was fixed inhabitation of a few Jews in the district as members of interethnic (Jewish-udmurt) families.[25][30]

Besides, the Alnashsky District occasionally attended the Subbotniks (Hebrew/Yiddish gerim; Russian subbotniki literally "sabbatarians", novyye zhidy literally "new Jews", zhidovstvuyushchiye literally "Judaizers", iudeystvuyushchiye literally "Judaizers", zhidovery literally "Jewbelievers"; Russian endoethnonym gery to Hebrew ger). The Subbotniks came for a recreation (Varzi-Yatchi sanatorium) or on working affairs.[25][28]

Sights[edit]

On the territory of Alnashsky District, there are the following types of historic, natural and cultural monuments:

1) Protected areas of the Alnashsky District:[34]

  • The Varzi-Yatchi sanatorium is a unique therapeutic mud bath. It was founded in the XIX century.
  • The northern peatbog of Varzi-Yatchi mineral therapeutic muds.
  • The southern peatbog of Varzi-Yatchi mineral therapeutic muds.
  • The Kuzebaevo peatbog.
  • The Muvazhi peatbog.
  • The Varzibash peatbog.
  • The Varzino-Alexeevo peatbog.
  • The Il'insky spring from the village (derevnya) of Il'inskoe.
  • The spring "Moshchnyy" near from the village (derevnya) of Rozhdestvenskoe.
  • The Karashurka River is a spawning-ground of brown trout (Salmo trutta morfa fario (Linnaeus, 1758)).
  • The Nizhne-Syr'ezskoe urochishche where there is large diversity of species composition of herbs.

2) Monuments of architecture:[34]

3) Monuments of folk architecture:[34]

  • The wooden windmill in the village (derevnya) of Shadrasak-Kib'ya. It was built in the XIX century.
  • The peasant's house of the Dmitrievs family in the village (derevnya) of Kuzebaevo. It was built in the XIX century.
  • The peasant's house of the Speranskys family in the village (derevnya) of Muvazhi. It was built in the XIX century.
  • The building of the primary school in the village (derevnya) of Yattsaz. It was built in the XIX century.
  • The house of clergyman in the village (selo) of Alnashi. It was built in the XIX century. The address of the house is 427880, Russia, Udmurtia, Alnashi, Sadovaya Str., 4.

4) Historic Burials:[34]

  • The grave of the first udmurt poetess Ashalchi Oki, the real name is Lina Grigorevna Vekshina (1898 - 1973), the cemetery of the village (selo) of Alnashi.
  • The grave of the Udmurtia national poet Herman Alekseevich Khodyrev (1932 - 1995).

5) Sacral territories of the three pagan religious formation of southern udmurts (Lud-vyzhy, Bulda-vyzhy, Byd'z'ym kua-vyzhy) from near the village (derevnya) of Kuzebaevo where until now the village inhabitants collectively celebrates udmurt pagan holidays (without interruptions since the beginning of the pagan practices on those territories).[35][36][37][38][39] This feature of the village makes of its a unique place because it is the rare case of preservation of ethnic religion in Europe. The Jews called the village of Kuzebaevo וואָסיאַשןדאָרף vös'ašndorf [vəˈsʲaʃ(ə)ndɔʁf] < Yiddish vös'ašn- "priestly, sacerdotal (the word was used only in relation to udmurt pagan priests)" < udmurt vös'as' "pagan priest in udmurt ethnic religion" + Yiddish dorf "village".[40][41]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Constitution of the Udmurt Republic
  2. ^ a b Law #46-RZ
  3. ^ a b c Law #64-RZ
  4. ^ a b "Descriptive Statistics - Alnashsky" (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service, Russian Federation. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики База данных муниципальных образований
    Для вывода информации необходимо заполнить поисковые поля. (Russian)
  9. ^ a b c Удмуртская республика: Энциклопедия / Гл. ред. В. В. Туганаев. Ижевск: Удмуртия, 2000. С. 23-37. ISBN 5-7659-0732-6. (Russian)
  10. ^ Разработан ООО «Леспроект» совместно с ФГОУ ВПО «Ижевская ГСХА» при консультационной поддержке филиала ФГУП «Рослесинфорг» — Поволжский леспроект (2010). Лесной план Удмуртской Республики. Ижевск. p. 33.  (Russian)
  11. ^ a b Министерство экономики Удмуртской Республики (2012). "Краткий социально-экономический паспорт МО "Алнашский район"". Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-29.  (Russian)
  12. ^ "Алнашский район - общая информация." (Russian)
  13. ^ Справочник по административно-территориальному делению Удмуртии / Составители: О.М. Безносова, С.Т. Дерендяева, А.А. Королёва. Ижевск: Удмуртия, 1995. С. 119. ISBN 5-7659-0425-4. (Russian)
  14. ^ Справочник по административно-территориальному делению Удмуртии / Составители: О.М. Безносова, С.Т. Дерендяева, А.А. Королёва. Ижевск: Удмуртия, 1995. С. 196. ISBN 5-7659-0425-4. (Russian)
  15. ^ "Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2015 года." Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Росстат). Москва, 2015. (Russian)
  16. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  17. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  18. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики. "Число административно-территориальных единиц и муниципальных образований на 1 января 2013 года по Удмуртской Республике". Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-21.  (Russian)
  19. ^ "История." Алнашский район. (Russian)
  20. ^ "Алнашский район". Аппарат Главного федерального инспектора по Удмуртской Республике. Archived from the original on 2008-05-18. Retrieved 2010-01-09.  (Russian)
  21. ^ a b ru:Алнашский район#.D0.9D.D0.B0.D1.86.D0.B8.D0.BE.D0.BD.D0.B0.D0.BB.D1.8C.D0.BD.D1.8B.D0.B9 .D1.81.D0.BE.D1.81.D1.82.D0.B0.D0.B2 (Russian)
  22. ^ Попова Е.В., "Марийцы Удмуртии: Краткие историко-этнографические сведения." Марийцы Удмуртии: история, традиции и современность: материалы межрегиональной научно-практической конференции с международным участием, 6 декабря 2015 года, г. Ижевск / Под общ. ред. А.Е. Загребина. Ижевск: Изд-во "Монпоражен", 2015. С. 24. ISBN 978-5-906306-09-8 (Russian)
  23. ^ "Кряшены Удмуртии." Кряшенская духовная миссия. (Russian)
  24. ^ Goldberg-Altyntsev A.V., "A short ethnographic overview of the Ashkenazic Jews' group in Alnashsky District of Udmurt Republic". Die Sammlung der wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten der jungen jüdischen Wissenschaftler. Herausgegeben von Artur Katz, Yumi Matsuda und Alexander Grinberg. München, Dachau, 2015. S. 51-52.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h Гольдберг-Алтынцев А.В., "Краткий этнографический обзор группы ашкеназских евреев в Алнашском районе Удмуртской Республики / пер. с англ. яз. А.Й. Каца." Jewish studies in the Udmurt Republic: Online. Part 1. Edited by A. Greenberg. February 27, 2015 published. P. 1-4. (Russian)
  26. ^ Goldberg-Altyntsev A.V., "Some characteristics of the Jews in Alnashsky District of Udmurt Republic." The youth. The creativity. The science. Edited by V. Cox, A. Katz and A. Greenberg. Trenton, 2014, p. 27-29. (גאלדבערג-אלטינצעוו א.ו., ". איניגע באזונדערהייטן פון די יידן אין אלנאשסקער רייאן פון ודמורטישע רעפובליק" The youth. The creativity. The science. = Die Jugend. Die Kreativität. Die Wissenschaft. = נוער. יצירתיות. מדע Edited by V. Cox, A. Katz and A. Greenberg. Trenton, 2014. P. 27-29.) (Yiddish)
  27. ^ Altyntsev A.V., "The Concept of Love in Ashkenazim of Udmurtia and Tatarstan", Nauka Udmurtii. 2013. № 4 (66), p. 131. (Алтынцев А.В., "Чувство любви в понимании евреев-ашкенази Удмуртии и Татарстана". Наука Удмуртии. 2013. №4. С. 131: Комментарии.) (Russian)
  28. ^ a b c d e Goldberg-Altyntsev A.V., "A short ethnographic overview of the Ashkenazic Jews' group in Alnashsky District of Udmurt Republic". Die Sammlung der wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten der jungen jüdischen Wissenschaftler. Herausgegeben von Artur Katz, Yumi Matsuda und Alexander Grinberg. München, Dachau, 2015. S. 51.
  29. ^ a b Goldberg-Altyntsev A.V., "Some characteristics of the Jews in Alnashsky District of Udmurt Republic." The youth. The creativity. The science. Edited by V. Cox, A. Katz and A. Greenberg. Trenton, 2014, p. 28. (גאלדבערג-אלטינצעוו א.ו., ". איניגע באזונדערהייטן פון די יידן אין אלנאשסקער רייאן פון ודמורטישע רעפובליק" The youth. The creativity. The science. = Die Jugend. Die Kreativität. Die Wissenschaft. = נוער. יצירתיות. מדע Edited by V. Cox, A. Katz and A. Greenberg. Trenton, 2014. P. 28.) (Yiddish)
  30. ^ a b Goldberg-Altyntsev A.V., "A short ethnographic overview of the Ashkenazic Jews' group in Alnashsky District of Udmurt Republic". Die Sammlung der wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten der jungen jüdischen Wissenschaftler. Herausgegeben von Artur Katz, Yumi Matsuda und Alexander Grinberg. München, Dachau, 2015. S. 52.
  31. ^ Goldberg-Altyntsev A.V., "The Jews in Alnashsky District." Theses about the Jewry of Alnashsky District of Udmurt Republic. Edited by A. Greenberg. January 7, 2014 published. (Yiddish)
  32. ^ Goldberg-Altyntsev A.V., "Some characteristics of the Jews in Alnashsky District of Udmurt Republic." The youth. The creativity. The science. Edited by V. Cox, A. Katz and A. Greenberg. Trenton, 2014, p. 27. (גאלדבערג-אלטינצעוו א.ו., ". איניגע באזונדערהייטן פון די יידן אין אלנאשסקער רייאן פון ודמורטישע רעפובליק" The youth. The creativity. The science. = Die Jugend. Die Kreativität. Die Wissenschaft. = נוער. יצירתיות. מדע Edited by V. Cox, A. Katz and A. Greenberg. Trenton, 2014. P. 27.) (Yiddish)
  33. ^ Алтынцев А.В. Основные социологические особенности населения на территории Варзи-Ятчинского сельского поселения Алнашского района Удмуртской Республики // Осінні наукові читання / Збірка наукових праць за матеріалами Міжнародної наукової конференції «Осінні наукові читання-2012», 28 листопада 2012 року. Київ: НАІРІ, 2012. Частина 1. С. 67. (Russian)
  34. ^ a b c d "Достопримечательности." Алнашский райнон. (Russian)
  35. ^ Шутова Н.И., "Дохристианские культовые памятники в удмуртской религиозной традиции: Опыт комплекстного исследования". Ижевск: Удмуртский институт истории, языка и литературы УрО РАН, 2001. С. 49-58, С. 265-267 (Russian)
  36. ^ Altyntsev A.V., Tuganaev V.V., "A short description of ecological state of udmurt sacred place Lud near the village Kuzebaevo in Alnashsky District of Udmurt Republic." Сельскохозяйственные науки и агропромышленный комплекс на рубеже веков: сборник материалов X Международной научно-практической конференции. Под общ. ред. С.С. Чернова. Новосибирск: Издательство ЦРНС, 2015. С. 8.
  37. ^ Kosareva I.A., "On Lud and Kuala social-cult groups of the Udmurts. " Herald of Chelyabinsk State University. 2011. № 34 (249). P. 13-15. (Косарева И.А., "О социально-культовых группах Луда и Куалы у удмуртов ." Вестник Челябинского государственного университета. № 34 (249). С. 13-15.) (Russian)
  38. ^ Kosareva I.A., "The spread of Bulda cult and the problem of discovering ethnographic subdivisions of Southern Udmurts ." Herald of Chelyabinsk State University. 2011. № 34 (249). P. 17-18. (Косарева И.А., "Распространение культа Булды и проблема выявления этнографических подразделений южных удмуртов." Вестник Челябинского государственного университета. № 34 (249). С. 17-18.) (Russian)
  39. ^ Овсянникова Е., "Кузёбай вӧсьёс." Инвожо. 2001. №12. 60-68-тӥ б. (Udmurt)
  40. ^ Altynzew A.W., Tuganaew W.W., "Die kurze Charakteristik des ökologischen Zustands des udmurtischen sakralen Orts Lud neben dem Dorf Kusebajewo im Rajon Alnaschi der Udmurtischen Republik ". Die Sammlung der wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten der jungen jüdischen Wissenschaftler / Herausgegeben von Artur Katz, Yumi Matsuda und Alexander Grinberg. München, Dachau, 2015. S. 17. (German)
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Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Удмуртской Республики. №663-XII 7 декабря 1994 г. «Конституция Удмуртской Республики», в ред. Закона №37-РЗ от 9 октября 2009 г «О внесении поправок к Конституции Удмуртской Республики». Опубликован: "Известия Удмуртской Республики", №№198-199, 27 декабря 1994 г. (Supreme Council of the Udmurt Republic. #663-XII December 7, 1994 Constitution of the Udmurt Republic, as amended by the Law #37-RZ of October 9, 2009 On Amending the Constitution of the Udmurt Republic. ).
  • Государственный Совет Удмуртской Республики. Закон №64-РЗ от 16 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований на территории Алнашского района Удмуртской Республики», в ред. Закона №39-РЗ от 12 июля 2005 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Удмуртской Республики об установлении границ муниципальных образований и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований на территории Удмуртской Республики в связи с уточнением статуса и наименования отдельных населённых пунктов Удмуртской Республики». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г.. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства Удмуртской Республики", №5, 25 июля 2005 г. (State Council of the Udmurt Republic. Law #64-RZ of November 16, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations and Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Alnashsky District of the Udmurt Republic, as amended by the Law #39-RZ of July 12, 2005 On Amending Various Laws of the Udmurt Republic on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations and Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations on the Territory of the Udmurt Republic Due to Clarifications of Status and Names of Various Inhabited Localities in the Udmurt Republic. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Государственный Совет Удмуртской Республики. Закон №46-РЗ от 19 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Удмуртской Республики», в ред. Закона №60-РЗ от 12 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Удмуртской Республики». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Известия Удмуртской Республики", №185, 12 декабря 2006 г. (State Council of the Udmurt Republic. Law #46-RZ of October 19, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Udmurt Republic, as amended by the Law #60-RZ of October 12, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Udmurt Republic. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).

Coordinates: 56°11′N 52°28′E / 56.183°N 52.467°E / 56.183; 52.467