Alnus subcordata

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Caucasian Alder
Alnus subcordata 7067.JPG
Alnus subcordata in Azerbaijan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Alnus
Subgenus: Alnus
Species: A. subcordata
Binomial name
Alnus subcordata

Alnus subcordata, Caucasian Alder, is a species in the family Betulaceae, native to temperate areas of Iran and the Caucasus.

It is a deciduous tree growing to 15-25 m tall, closely related to the Italian Alder (A. cordata), with similar glossy green cordate leaves 5-15 cm long. The flowers are catkins, the male catkins very slender, 8-15 cm long, the female catkins small, maturing into a woody cone-like fruit 2-3 cm long containing numerous small winged seeds.


Its wood is employed in paper production. It has a calorific value of about 4.6 cal/g.