|44th Chief of Staff of Brazil|
3 February 2014
|Preceded by||Gleisi Hoffmann|
|Minister of Education of Brazil|
24 January 2012 – 3 February 2014
|Preceded by||Fernando Haddad|
|Succeeded by||José Henrique Paim|
13 May 1954 |
|Political party||Workers' Party|
Aloízio Mercadante Oliva (born in Santos, São Paulo on 13 May 1954) is an economist and Brazilian politician. He was a founder of the Workers' Party in February 1980 and vice chairman of the party between 1991 and 1999. Was state senator from São Paulo between 2003 and 2010. From 2011 to 2012 he was Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation in Brazil, and in 2012 he became Minister of Education, due to the departure of Fernando Haddad to run for mayor of São Paulo. In 2014 he became Chief of Staff of Brazil.
Son of Army General and former commander of ESG (War College), graduated in economics from the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP). He holds a Ph.D. and Master's in economics from the University of Campinas (Unicamp), and is a licensed professor of economics at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC-SP).
Mercadante was national vice president of the PT and secretary of international relations, and member of the National Directorate and the National Executive. He participated in the drafting of government programs of the PT and was coordinator of the presidential campaign of the party in the elections of 1989 and 2002. He ran for vice-president of the Republic on the ticket of Lula in the 1994 elections. In his first race for a seat as a federal deputy in 1990, was elected as the most voted deputy in the Brazilian congress. In the House, stood out in two important Parliamentary Committees of Inquiry (CPI): the PC Farias and Budget. In the campaign of 1994, Mercadante waived a probable re-election to the House of Representatives and ran for vice president on the ticket of Lula.
In 1996 he coordinated the government program of the PT and was a candidate for deputy mayor of São Paulo in the ticket of Luiza Erundina. He was a protagonist in the national economic debate, attending lectures and publishing articles proposing an alternative model of development. This period resulted in the launch of the book "The Post-Real Brazil", edited by Mercadante. In 1998, Mercadante returned to the Chamber of Deputies as the third most voted member of the legislative body withn 241,559 votes. In his second term, he attended several specialized committees on the economy, finances and the tax system. He chaired the Committee on the Economy, Trade and Industry (1999), was leader of the PT's Bench (2000) and member of committees on Foreign Relations and National Defence and Finance and Taxation (2001). When running for a Senate seat in 2002, Mercadante received the second highest vote in the history of Brazilian elections - 10,497,348, a record only surpassed by Aloysio Nunes, from the PSDB, who won 11,182,669 votes in the 2010 elections. In the Senate, he held the leadership of the government caucus until June 2006.
In 2006 he was candidate for governor of São Paulo by the PT, when he got the most votes within the state party internal elections- 6,771,582 votes. That same year, he launched the book: "Brazil - First Time", an analysis of the Lula government as the first socialist government of Brazil. From 2007 to 2008, he chaired the Economic Affairs Commission (EAC) of the Senate.
During the impeachment of Senator Renan Calheiros (PMDB-AL) Mercadante defended combining all the accusations against the defendant, so the process would result in one singlr trial, in open session in the Senate. In his speech, he argued: "My vote was not a failure, as some have said. It was a transparent vote, of someone who believes that the correct judgment on the merits of the question can only be made based on the complete judicial process".
In January 2009, Mercadante was elected leader of the PT caucus in the Senate. On 20 August 2009, he announced his resignation from the leadership position because of the party's decision to back the closing of the investigation by the Ethics Committee against the President of the Senate, José Sarney. The next day, however, in a speech in the Senate, after a long night of talks with President Lula, he announced that - against the wishes of his family - he had accepted the request of the president that he continue as the Party's leader in the chamber.
In 2010, he ran as PT's candidate for governor of São Paulo: however, he was defeated in the first round by Geraldo Alckmin. Mercadante was then invited to join the cabiner of President Dilma Rousseff as Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation in 2011. On 18 January 2012, he was invited to assume the Ministry of Education in President Rousseff's cabinet due to the departure of the current minister, Fernando Haddad, to run for mayor of São Paulo.
- "Mercadante fica na liderança do PT "em respeito a pedido de Lula"". A Tarde On Line. 21 August 2009. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- "Brazil's Rousseff shifts Cabinet into election gear". Reuters. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "Mercadante deixa cargo de líder do PT no Senado". Abril.com.
- "Mercadante é convidado e aceita Ciência e Tecnologia". A Folha de São Paulo. 3 December 2010.