Aloe perryi

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Aloe perryi
Aloe perryi - United States Botanic Garden, Washington. D.C. - Stierch.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Genus: Aloe
Species: A. perryi
Binomial name
Aloe perryi
Baker
Synonyms

Aloe forbesii Balf.f. ; Aloe socotrina

Aloe perryi (syn. Aloe forbesii Balf.f.; Aloe socotrina) is a species of plant in the genus Aloe. It is endemic to Socotra in Yemen, and is often known by its common name, Socotrine aloe.[1] Its natural habitat is rocky areas. Widely distributed and in places abundant. Bitter aloes – the juice of Aloe perryi – has important pharmaceutical and medicinal properties. At present, it is under no immediate threat but some populations are potentially vulnerable to pests, climate change and over-harvesting.

Description[edit]

Perennials; stems 1.5 M. (5°) high, woody, rough from leaf-remnants; leaves glaucous-green, often with darker spots, thick, succulent, bayonet-shaped, margin with reddish spines or serratures; flowers racemose or spicate, tubular, yellowish, orange-red; stamens 6, unequal, 3 longer than corolla. Inspissated juice (aloes - A. Perryi): Socotrine, blackish-brown, opaque, or smooth glistening masses, fracture conchoidal, sometimes soft; odor aromatic, saffron-like, never fetid, putrid; taste nauseous, bitter; 50 p. c. soluble in cold water.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Western Arabia and the Red Sea, Naval Intelligence Division, London 2005, p. 208 ISBN 0-7103-1034-X ; John Hill, A History of the Materia Medica, London 1751, p. 772
  2. ^ David M. R. Culbreth, A Manual of Materia Medica and Pharmacology, Philadelphia 1927 (reprint 1996), p. 112