Aloe forbesii Balf.f. ; Aloe socotrina
Aloe perryi (syn. Aloe forbesii Balf.f.; Aloe socotrina) is a species of plant in the genus Aloe. It is endemic to Socotra in Yemen, and is often known by its common name, Socotrine aloe. Its natural habitat is rocky areas. Widely distributed and in places abundant. Bitter aloes – the juice of Aloe perryi – has important pharmaceutical and medicinal properties. At present, it is under no immediate threat but some populations are potentially vulnerable to pests, climate change and over-harvesting.
Perennials; stems 1.5 M. (5°) high, woody, rough from leaf-remnants; leaves glaucous-green, often with darker spots, thick, succulent, bayonet-shaped, margin with reddish spines or serratures; flowers racemose or spicate, tubular, yellowish, orange-red; stamens 6, unequal, 3 longer than corolla. Inspissated juice (aloes - A. Perryi): Socotrine, blackish-brown, opaque, or smooth glistening masses, fracture conchoidal, sometimes soft; odor aromatic, saffron-like, never fetid, putrid; taste nauseous, bitter; 50 p. c. soluble in cold water.
- Western Arabia and the Red Sea, Naval Intelligence Division, London 2005, p. 208 ISBN 0-7103-1034-X ; John Hill, A History of the Materia Medica, London 1751, p. 772
- David M. R. Culbreth, A Manual of Materia Medica and Pharmacology, Philadelphia 1927 (reprint 1996), p. 112