Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
|Hereditary Prince and Regent of Liechtenstein|
|Regent of Liechtenstein|
|Regency||15 August 2004 – present|
|Born||11 June 1968|
|Father||Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein|
|Mother||Marie Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau|
|Princely family of Liechtenstein|
Alois, Hereditary Prince and Regent of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (Alois Philipp Maria; born 11 June 1968), is the eldest son of Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein, and Countess Marie Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau. The heir apparent to the throne of Liechtenstein, Alois has also been regent of the country (Stellvertreter des Fürsten) since 15 August 2004. He is married to Duchess Sophie in Bavaria.
Life and career
Alois attended the Liechtenstein Grammar School in Ebenholz (Vaduz) and then the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in the United Kingdom. He served in the Coldstream Guards in Hong Kong and London for six months before entering the University of Salzburg, from which he earned a master's degree in jurisprudence in 1993.
In a constitutional referendum in 2003, Hans-Adam II retained his sweeping powers (the right to veto laws and elect judges). On Liechtenstein Day in 2004, Hans-Adam II formally turned the power of making day-to-day governmental decisions over to Alois, preparing for the transition to a new generation. Hans-Adam II remains head of state.
On 27 November 2005, Liechtenstein voters rejected an initiative that would prohibit abortion and birth control in the principality. The initiative was supported by Roman Catholic Archbishop Wolfgang Haas. Alois was initially sympathetic to the proposal, but he became neutral during the run-up to the vote. Instead, a government-sponsored counter proposal was ratified.
In 2011, Alois threatened to exercise his princely veto if voters approved a forthcoming referendum to legalize abortion in the principality. Such a veto was not necessary, as the voters rejected the proposal.
Following the prince's threat, an initiative called "Damit deine Stimme zählt" ("So that your voice counts") was launched to change the constitution of Liechtenstein to prevent the prince from vetoing legislation approved in referenda. The referendum was held on 1 July 2012, and 76% of voters upheld the prince's power to veto referendum results.
Marriage and children
They have four children:
- Prince Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (born 24 May 1995 at the Portland Hospital in London)
- Princess Marie-Caroline Elisabeth Immaculata of Liechtenstein, Countess of Rietberg (born 17 October 1996 in Grabs, Canton of St. Gallen)
- Prince Georg Antonius Constantin Maria of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (born 20 April 1999 in Grabs, Canton of St. Gallen)
- Prince Nikolaus Sebastian Alexander Maria of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (born 6 December 2000 in Grabs, Canton of St. Gallen)
- Austria : Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria (08/06/2000).
- Netherlands : Recipient of the King Willem-Alexander Inauguration Medal (30/04/2013).
- Sweden : Recipient of the King Carl XVI Gustaf's Jubilee Commemorative Medal for the 70th Birthday (30/04/2016).
- Sovereign Military Order of Malta : Grand Cross pro Merito Melitensi – civilian special class – (16/09/2011).
|Ancestors of Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein|
- "Hereditary Prince Alois". Fuerstenhaus.li. Archived from the original on 21 June 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- Liechtenstein prince wins powers BBC News Online, 16 March 2003. Retrieved 29 December 2006.
- Rosenbaum, Harry (28 November 2005). "Voters defeat restrictive initiative". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Liechtenstein prince threatens to veto referendum". HuffPost. 7 July 2013. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Zeldin, Wendy (27 September 2011). "Liechtenstein: No to Legalized Abortion". Global Legal Monitor. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Liechtenstein, 1. Juli 2012 : Vermindertes Vetorecht des Fürsten" (in German). Sudd.ch. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- Coronation of Willem Alexander of the Netherlands
- Parliamentary question, page=1381
- Sovereign Military Order of Malta