Aloisea Inyumba

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Aloisea Inyumba
Aloisea Inyumba.png
Aloisea Inyumba at the UNCTAD XIII High Level Event on Women in Development, April 2012
Minister for Gender and Family Promotion

Aloisea Inyumba (28 December 1964 – 6 December 2012) was a Rwandan politician, who served as the country's Minister for Gender and Family Promotion and as executive secretary of the National Unity and Reconciliation Commission.[1]

While studying social work and social administration at Makerere University in Uganda, she joined the Rwandan Patriotic Front.[1]

The eulogy at her funeral was given by President Paul Kagame.[1]

Early life[edit]

Aloisea Inyumba was born on 28 December 1964 in Uganda, to Rwandan born parents.[1] She was born in the aftermath of the 1959 Rwandan Revolution, which saw the creation of a republic dominated by the majority Hutu, and persecution of the minority Tutsi.[2] While her parents were still living in Rwanda, and before she was born, Inyumba's father was killed in a massacre of Tutsi; her mother escaped with her five siblings, and the family fled to the safety of Uganda.[1]

Inyumba lived her childhood in Uganda, completing her schooling there, and then proceeded to Makerere University in Kampala, to study for a degree in social work and social administration.[1] In 1985, she had her first meeting with Paul Kagame,[3] another Rwandan refugee who was at the time serving in the rebel army of Yoweri Museveni.[4] One year later, Museveni took control of the country and promoted Kagame and fellow Rwandan Fred Rwigyema to officers in the country's national army.[5] Kagame and Rwigyema took these positions, but their ultimate goal was to return with force to their own country, in order to facilitate the return of the refugees.[6] Kagame and Rwigyema joined and took over the Rwandan Patriotic Front,[7] a Rwandan liberation organisation, and Inyumba joined as well.[1]

Political career[edit]

After the RPF military victory in July 1994, Inyumba was appointed into the newly formed transitional government;[1] this government was headed by President Pasteur Bizimungu, but the country was de facto led by Paul Kagame.[8] She was appointed to the post of Minister of Gender and Family Promotion,[1] and began a concerted programme to involve women in the rebuilding of Rwanda.[1]

In 2011, she was re-appointed to her previous role of Minister of Gender and Family Promotion, a role she held until her death in 2012.[1]

Personal life and death[edit]

Aloisea Inyumba was married to Dr Richard Masozera, who is the former Director-General of Rwanda Civil Aviation Authority (RCAA).[9] The pair began dating when they were both students at Makerere University in Kampala.[9] The couple had two children, a girl and a boy.[3]

Inyumba died on 6 December 2012 at her home in Kigali.[10] She had been suffering from throat cancer,[11] and had recently returned home after seeking treatment in Germany.[3] Inyumba was granted a state funeral at the Parliament of Rwanda building in Kigali, and her eulogy was delivered by the country's president, Paul Kagame.[3] Kagame described her as a selfless leader who was "a very good cadre and ideologically clear".[3] Other speakers at the funeral included Cabinet Affairs minister Protais Musoni and the vice-governor of the National Bank of Rwanda, Monique Nsanzabaganwa.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Melvern, Linda (8 March 2013). "Aloisea Inyumba: Politician who played a key role in the rebuilding of Rwanda". The Independent. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Prunier 1999, p. 51.
  3. ^ a b c d e f The New Times (10 December 2012). "Kagame pays last respects to late Inyumba". Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Kinzer 2008, pp. 44–45.
  5. ^ Kinzer 2008, pp. 50–51.
  6. ^ Kinzer 2008, pp. 51–52.
  7. ^ Kinzer 2008, pp. 48–50.
  8. ^ Prunier 1999, p. 369.
  9. ^ a b Rwirwahira, Rodrigue (14 December 2012). "Kagame leads nation in eulogising patriot and freedom fighter Inyumba". The East African. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  10. ^ Musoni, Edwin (7 December 2012). "Minister Aloisea Inyumba dies at 48". The New Times. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  11. ^ Nsanzimana, Jean-Christophe (10 December 2012). "Aloisea Inyumba Laid to Rest". Rwanda Focus. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 

Cited works[edit]