Alp Er Tunga

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Alp Er Tunga or Alp Er Tonğa[1] ("Brave Soldier Tiger": Alp "brave, hero, conqueror, warrior",[2] Er "man, male, soldier, Tom",[3] Tonğa "Siberian tiger", Divanü Lugati't-Türk Veri Tabanı) is a mythical hero who was mentioned in Mahmud al-Kashgari's Divânu Lügati't-Türk (Arabic: دیوان لغات الترک Compendium of the language of Turks), Turkic mythology and Turkish literature.

In Turkic literature he is considered to be the same character as Afrasiab in the Persian Epic Shahnameh.[4][5] He is sometimes mentioned as a khan of Saka (Scythia).[6]


  1. ^ Besim Atalay (ed.), Divanü Lügati't - Türk, Vol.1, Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2006, ISBN 975-16-0405-2, p. 41.
  2. ^ Divanü Lugati't-Türk Veri Tabanı Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine. (Turkish Language Association)
  3. ^ "Divanü Lugati't-Türk Veri Tabanı". Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
  4. ^ Emel Esin, Antecedents and Development of Buddhist and Manichean Turkish Art in Eastern Turkestan and Kansu, The Handbook of Turkish Culture, supplement to volume II, section of the history of art, Milli Eğitim Basimevi, 1967, p. 11.
  5. ^ M. Öcal Oğuz, Turkey's Intangible Cultural Heritage, Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey Publications, 2008, ISBN 975-17-3369-3, p. 23.
  6. ^ William M. Clements, The Greenwood Encyclopedia of World Folklore and Folklife: Southeast Asia and India, Central and East Asia, Middle East, Greenwood Press, 2006, ISBN 0-313-32849-8, p. 432.