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Alpenglow on Mt. Forbes in the Canadian Rockies
Solar ray 1 is the lowest from the Sun – the Sun is set. Solar ray 2 is reflected in the (snow) clouds to the observer.

Alpenglow (from German: Alpenglühen, lit.'Alps glow'; Italian: enrosadira) is an optical phenomenon that appears as a horizontal reddish glow near the horizon opposite to the Sun when the solar disk is just below the horizon.[1]



Strictly speaking, alpenglow refers to indirect sunlight reflected or diffracted by the atmosphere after sunset or before sunrise. This diffuse illumination creates soft shadows in addition to the reddish color. The term is also used informally to include direct illumination by the reddish light of the rising or setting sun, with sharply defined shadows.

Reflected sunlight


When the Sun is below the horizon, sunlight has no direct path to reach a mountain. Unlike the direct sunlight around sunrise or sunset, the light that causes alpenglow is reflected off airborne precipitation, ice crystals, or particulates in the lower atmosphere. These conditions differentiate between direct sunlight around sunrise or sunset and alpenglow.[2]

The term is generally confused to be any sunrise or sunset light reflected off the mountains or clouds, but alpenglow in the strict sense of the word is not direct sunlight and is only visible after sunset or before sunrise.[1]

After sunset, if mountains are absent, aerosols in the eastern sky can be illuminated in a similar way by the remaining scattered reddish light above the fringe of Earth's shadow. This backscattered light produces a pinkish band opposite of the Sun's direction, called the Belt of Venus.[3]

Direct sunlight


Alpenglow in a looser sense may refer to any illumination by the rosy or reddish light of the setting or rising Sun.[4][5]

See also



  1. ^ a b Lynch, David K.; Livingston, William (June 2001). Color and Light in Nature. Cambridge University Press. p. 41. ISBN 9780521775045.
  2. ^ Cushman, Ruth Carol; Jones, Stephen (December 28, 2009). "Catch Boulder's 'alpenglow' -- blushing mountains -- this winter". Archived from the original on 2018-01-10. Retrieved 2018-01-10.
  3. ^ Powell, Jonathan (2018). "Atmospheric Factors and Features". The Patrick Moore Practical Astronomy Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 105–130. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-97701-0_8. ISBN 978-3-319-97700-3. ISSN 1431-9756.
  4. ^ "What Is Alpenglow?". Digital Photography School. 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2018-01-10.
  5. ^ "alpenglow". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 2021-09-05.