Alphabet soup (linguistics)

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Alphabet soup is a metaphor for an abundance of abbreviations or acronyms, named for a common dish made from alphabet pasta. It use dates at least as far back as Franklin D. Roosevelt's alphabet agencies of the New Deal.[1] In the United States, the federal government is described as an alphabet soup on account of the multitude of agencies that it has spawned, including the NSA, CIA, FBI, USSS, ATF, DEA, EPA, NCIS, IRS and INS. In 1938, a US barbershop harmony organization was founded, aptly named SPEBSQSA or the Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America, as a humorous lampoon to these numerous "alphabet soup" agencies.

The alphabet soup metaphor has been used to describe issues in comprehension that have major effects on scholarship, including confusion between different theories. One such example of alphabet soup affecting scholarship is in statistical testing, in which distinction between p and α are not always made clear because of the "alphabet soup" of letters referring to statistical evidence and errors.[2] The many distinctions between types of pneumonia have also been described as an alphabet soup, requiring a scholarly article detailing the differences between the many acronyms.[3]

Alphabet soup has also been used to describe longer initialisms based on LGBT such as LGBTQQIAAP.[4][5] Alphabet soup is also used to describe historical language scripts that appear as long sequences of symbols that do not have clear demarcations of words.[6]


  1. ^ "Relief: Alphabet Soup", Time, December 11, 1933.
  2. ^ Hubbard, Raymond (2016-08-18). "Alphabet Soup: Blurring the Distinctions Betweenp's anda's in Psychological Research". Theory & Psychology. 14 (3): 295–327. doi:10.1177/0959354304043638. S2CID 15799213.
  3. ^ Anand, Nitin; Kollef, Marin (2009-02-01). "The Alphabet Soup of Pneumonia: CAP, HAP, HCAP, NHAP, and VAP". Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 30 (1): 003–009. doi:10.1055/s-0028-1119803. ISSN 1069-3424. PMID 19199181.
  4. ^ "LGBTQQIAAP - 'Alphabet Soup 101'". Archived from the original on October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  5. ^ DeMarco, Linda; Bruni, Sylvain (18 July 2012) [1st pub. 18 May 2012]. "No More Alphabet Soup". The Huffington Post. 1527958. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015.
  6. ^ Howe, Nicholas R.; Feng, Shaolei; Manmatha, R. (2009). "Finding words in alphabet soup: Inference on freeform character recognition for historical scripts". Pattern Recognition. 42 (12): 3338–3347. CiteSeerX doi:10.1016/j.patcog.2009.01.012.