Alphabetic Presentation Forms

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Alphabetic Presentation Forms
Range U+FB00..U+FB4F
(80 code points)
Plane BMP
Scripts Armenian (5 char.)
Hebrew (46 char.)
Latin (7 char.)
Assigned 58 code points
Unused 22 reserved code points
Unicode version history
1.0.1 1 (+1)
1.1 57 (+56)
3.0 58 (+1)
Note: One character was moved from the Hebrew block to the Alphabetic Presentation Forms block in version 1.0.1 during the process of unifying with ISO 10646.[1][2][3]

Alphabetic Presentation Forms is a Unicode block containing standard ligatures for the Latin, Armenian, and Hebrew scripts.


Alphabetic Presentation Forms[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+FB1x ﬞ 
1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Alphabetic Presentation Forms block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
1.0.1 U+FB1E 1 (to be determined)
1.1 U+FB00..FB06, FB13..FB17, FB1F..FB36, FB38..FB3C, FB3E, FB40..FB41, FB43..FB44, FB46..FB4F 56 (to be determined)
3.0 U+FB1D 1 X3L2/95-124 N1364 David, Mark (1995-09-29), Proposal for Inclusion of One Additional Character, HEBREW LETTER YOD WITH HIRIQ, in the Unicode/ISO 10646 Standard 
L2/97-122 N1557 Name for the character coded FB1D, 1997-05-11 
L2/01-004 Duerst, Martin (2000-12-20), The impact of normalization (proposal to add U+FB1D to the Composition Exclusion list) 
L2/01-008 Constable, Peter (2000-12-22), Argument to add U+FB1D to the Composition Exclusion list 
L2/01-038 Rosenne, Jonathan (2001-01-18), Add U+FB1D to the Composition Exclusion List 
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Unicode 1.0.1 Addendum" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. 1992-11-03. Retrieved 2016-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09. 
  3. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.