|Incorporated||December 11, 1858|
|• Mayor||Jim Gilvin|
|• Total||27.27 sq mi (70.62 km2)|
|• Land||26.90 sq mi (69.68 km2)|
|• Water||0.37 sq mi (0.95 km2)|
|Elevation||1,135 ft (346 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,498.44/sq mi (964.66/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
30004, 30005, 30009, 30022
|Area codes||770, 404, 678|
|GNIS feature ID||0310497|
Alpharetta is a city located in northern Fulton County, Georgia, United States, and is a part of the Atlanta metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, Alpharetta's population was 57,551. The estimated population in 2019 was 67,213.
In the 1830s, the Cherokee people in Georgia and elsewhere in the South were forcibly relocated to the Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) under the Indian Removal Act. Pioneers and farmers later settled on the newly vacated land, situated along a former Cherokee trail stretching from the North Georgia mountains to the Chattahoochee River.
One of the first permanent landmarks in the area was the New Prospect Camp Ground (also known as the Methodist Camp Ground), located beside a natural spring near what is now downtown Alpharetta. It later served as a trading post for the exchanging of goods among settlers.
Known as the town of Milton through July 1858, the city of Alpharetta was chartered on December 11, 1858, with boundaries extending in a 0.5-mile (0.80 km) radius from the city courthouse. It served as the county seat of Milton County until 1931, when Milton County was merged with Fulton County to avoid bankruptcy during the Great Depression.
Although the city's name may be a variation of a fictional Indian girl, Alfarata, in a 19th-century song, "The Blue Juniata" it is more probably derived from the Greek word “alpha” meaning first and “retta” meaning town.
Alpharetta is located in northern Fulton County and is bordered to the southeast by Johns Creek, to the south and west by Roswell, to the north by Milton, and to the northeast by unincorporated land in Forsyth County. Downtown Alpharetta is 26 miles (42 km) north of downtown Atlanta.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Alpharetta has a total area of 27.3 square miles (70.7 km2), of which 26.9 square miles (69.7 km2) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), or 1.37%, is water.
|Climate data for Alpharetta, GA|
|Average high °F (°C)||50.4
|Average low °F (°C)||29.6
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.96
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||0.6
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||9.8||9.5||9.0||8.0||9.0||8.5||10.2||8.7||6.4||6.4||7.8||9.6||102.9|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||0.4||0.4||0.1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||1.0|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 34,854 people, 13,911 households, and 8,916 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,631.6 people per square mile (630.0/km2). There were 14,670 housing units at an average density of 686.7 per square mile (265.2/km2). The population has been gradually increasing over the last decade. During the workday, the city swells to more than 120,000 residents, workers, and visitors, due to the more than 3,600 businesses that are located in the city.
According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of the city of Alpharetta was as follows:
- White: 72.0%
- Asian: 13.7%
- Black or African American: 11.2%
- Hispanic or Latino : 8.7%
- Other: 2.9%
- Two or more races: 2.8%
- Native American: 0.2%
- Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.1%
There were 13,911 households, out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city, 27.0% of the population was under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 40.5% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $95,888, and the median income for a family was $111,918. The per capita income for the city was $42,431. Males had a median income of $79,275 versus $59,935 for females. About 2.9% of families and 1.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.3% of those under age 18 and 0.6% of those age 65 or over.
According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top private sector employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
Retail and mixed-use complexes
Complexes in the area include:
- North Point Mall, a traditional mall set for redevelopment
- An 86-acre (35 ha) mixed-use development, Avalon, opened in 2014.
- The Halcyon mixed residential-retail-entertainment-dining complex opened in 2019 in nearby Forsyth County, has an Alpharetta postal address, but in not within the city limits or in the same county.
Tech Alpharetta (formerly known as the Alpharetta Technology Commission or simply ATC) is an advisory organization established by the City of Alpharetta in 2012. The organization is an independent, 501(c)(6) nonprofit organization which aims to help the City of Alpharetta lead in technology innovation. Tech Alpharetta runs an advisory board of technology companies based in the city, holds monthly technology events for technology executives, and operates the Tech Alpharetta Innovation Center, a technology startup incubator. As of early 2020 about ten companies have "graduated" from Tech Alpharetta's incubator and were hiring employees in the North Fulton County region.
The following companies also have offices in Alpharetta:
- AGC Glass North America
- Alimera Sciences
- AT&T Inc.
- Avanos Medical
- Ciox Health
- Costco Wholesale
- Eaton Corporation
- Emerson Electric
- Ernst & Young
- General Electric
- Graebel Relocation
- Hanjin Shipping
- Hi-Rez Studios
- Intelligrated Software
- Kiepe Electric (formerly Vossloh Kiepe)
- McKesson Corporation
- Morgan Stanley
- NCC Group
- NCR Corporation
- Ryder System
- SAP Ariba
- Scientific Games
- Sequence Health
- Synchrony Financial
- Travelers Insurance
- Verint Systems
Alpharetta is governed by a city council composed of six members and a mayor. The mayor and council members serve staggered four-year terms.
|Post 1||Donald Mitchell||2018–2021||Mayor pro tem|
|Post 2||Ben Burnett||2018–2021|
|Post 3||Karen Richard||2018–2021|
|Post 4||John Hipes||2020–2023|
|Post 5||Jason Binder||2020–2023|
|Post 6||Dan Merkel||2020–2023|
- Jim Gilvin, 2018–present
- David Belle Isle, 2012–2018
- Arthur Letchas, 2001–2011
- Chuck Martin, 1995–2002
- Jimmy Phillips, 1979–1994
- George Wills
- Randall Moore
- Sindey Dees
Pedestrians and cycling
- There are plans for the creation of the Alpha Loop. The multi-use path will serve to connect residents of Alpharetta to activity centers, parks, and jobs by a network of multi-use trails providing safe alternatives to driving and offering recreational benefit.
- The Big Creek Greenway is a concrete multi-use trail that runs from Windward Parkway to Mansell Road. The concrete trail is approximately 8 miles and meanders along Big Creek parallel to North Point Parkway, from Windward Parkway at Marconi Drive on the north end to Mansell Road on the south end. A soft mulch trail encircles a large wetland between Haynes Bridge Road and Mansell Road. Wildlife such as blue heron, deer, ducks and Canada geese can be observed in this preserved water setting. Future plans are to connect the trail to Cumming.
Attractions and events
The Downtown Alpharetta Welcome Center is located at 178 South Main Street and has more than 200 complimentary brochures providing information on the surrounding area. The center is open Monday — Friday from 9 a.m. - 5 p.m., and a Virtual Information Kiosk is available on Saturdays from 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.
The Alpharetta Family Skate Center (aka The Cooler) is on 10800 Davis Drive. It is also home to the Atlanta Sparks special needs hockey team.
The Alpharetta Brew Moon Fest is held the first Saturday in October on the streets of downtown Alpharetta.
The Scarecrow Harvest is held the first Saturday in October in downtown Alpharetta. The streets are lined with 100 scarecrows to celebrate its fall spirit.
The Alpharetta Arboretum at Wills Park was established in September 2008 and includes 26 trees. A brochure about the arboretum guides readers through a walking tour of the trees and is available at the Downtown Alpharetta Welcome Center.
The Alpharetta Arboretum at Cogburn Road Park was established in December 2008 and showcases seven trees. A complimentary brochure for the arboretum is available at the Downtown Alpharetta Welcome Center and provides a starting point for a self-guided walking tour.
The Alpharetta Farmers Market is a weekly farmers' market in the downtown area that opens every Saturday from 8 AM to 12:30 PM from April to October, and features farmers and gardeners from the surrounding area selling fresh vegetables, flowers, and edible goods such as jam. The market was named "Best Saturday Morning Excursion" in 2007 by Atlanta magazine.
The Downtown Alpharetta Historic District is located in the center of Alpharetta at the intersection of North Main Street, South Main Street, Milton Avenue, and Academy Street. Around this area are several historic buildings dating from the late 19th century and older. The downtown area has been restored, replacing more modern buildings with period structures, and includes dining, shopping, and widened brick sidewalks.
Ameris Bank Amphitheatre is a 12,000-capacity outdoor venue that serves as the summer home to the Grammy Award-winning Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and plays host to acts like the Dave Matthews Band, Rod Stewart, Steve Miller Band and the Eagles.
North Point Community Church is based in Alpharetta, Georgia. It is the main campus of North Point Ministries, the largest church organization in the United States, run by evangelical preacher Andy Stanley. The campus welcomes more than 5,000 people every Sunday.
The Walk of Memories is located at American Legion Post 201 and pays tribute to veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces, community and friends, through a brick walk inscribed with the names of all Georgia residents killed in service including and following World War II. A separate section is reserved for those who served in the military and survived. A tank and helicopter are on display.
The Alpharetta Big Creek Greenway is a 6.1-mile-long (9.8 km), 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) concrete path that meanders through the woods along Big Creek, offering a place to walk, jog, inline skate and bike. The path includes additional mountain bike trails.
The Wire and Wood Alpharetta Songwriters Festival in downtown Alpharetta is held in October.
Avalon is a multi-use development on the east side of downtown adjacent to State Route 400. It includes 500,000 square feet (46,000 m2) of retail space, a 12-screen Regal Cinemas theater, 105,000 square feet (9,800 m2) of office space over retail, 101 single-family residences and 250 luxury rental homes.
The Alpharetta Bulls Rugby Football Club is a Men's Division 3 Rugby Team competing in the Georgia Rugby Union and USA Rugby competitions.
Primary and secondary schools
Elementary schools (Grades K-5)
- Abbotts Hill Elementary School
- Alpharetta Elementary School
- Birmingham Falls Elementary School in Milton
- Cogburn Woods Elementary School in Milton
- Crabapple Crossing Elementary School in Milton
- Creek View Elementary School
- F.A.S.T. k-8
- Hembree Springs Elementary School in Roswell
- Lake Windward Elementary School
- Manning Oaks Elementary School
- Mimosa Elementary School in Roswell
- New Prospect Elementary School
- Ocee Elementary School in Johns Creek
- Summit Hill Elementary School in Milton
Middle schools (Grades 6-8)
- Autrey Mill Middle School in Johns Creek
- Elkins Pointe Middle School in Roswell
- Haynes Bridge Middle School
- Holcomb Bridge Middle School
- Hopewell Middle School in Milton
- Northwestern Middle School in Milton
- Taylor Road Middle School in Johns Creek
- Webb Bridge Middle School
- Amana Academy, a public charter school in Alpharetta for students in Kindergarten to 8th grade
- Fulton Science Academy (FSA), a private school in Roswell for students in 6th to 8th grade
High schools (Grades 9-12)
- Alpharetta High School serves most of Alpharetta
- Cambridge High School in Milton
- Centennial High School in Roswell
- Chattahoochee High School in Johns Creek
- Johns Creek High School in Johns Creek
- Milton High School in Milton
- Northview High School
- Roswell High School in Roswell
- Independence High School, an alternative school located on the old Milton High School campus.
- Fulton Science Academy High School (formerly T. E. A. C. H.), a public charter school in Alpharetta for students in 9th to 12th grade.
- Anthony Fisher (born 1986), basketball player in the Israeli Basketball Premier League
- Marjorie Taylor Greene (born 1974), member of the United States House of Representatives from Georgia
- Jaycee Horn, Professional Football player for the Carolina Panthers
- Lisa Wu, actress and former cast member of The Real Housewives of Atlanta
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- "City and Town Population Totals: 2010-2019". Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "City of Alpharetta website – History". Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
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- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. November 2, 2013.
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- Verizon Wireless South Area Headquarters
- David Ibata, For the AJC. "Alpharetta technology panel gets new name". ajc. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- "History". Tech Alpharetta. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- "Tech Alpharetta Appoints Six New Members to Its Strategic Board". www.businesswire.com. December 19, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Moscarello, Lindsay. "Upcoming Tech Alpharetta panel focused on 'technology's transformation of healthcare'". MDJOnline.com. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- David Ibata, For the AJC. "Alpharetta OKs $200K for city's technology incubator". ajc. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- "North Fulton taking aim at tech, health-care worker shortages". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- NetBank (January 11, 2001). "NetBank Royal Centre Three, Suite 100 11475 Great Oaks Way Alpharetta, GA 30022". Archived from the original on January 11, 2001. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
- "Elected Officials". City of Alpharetta. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- Northam, Mitchell (May 23, 2018). "Gilvin is Alpharetta's new mayor; Richard, Hipes elected to council". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- "Alpharetta City Council Minutes from April 17, 2006" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 2, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- "Introducing Alpha Loop". Alpharetta.ga.us. December 3, 2017. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
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- "Plans for MARTA Rail to Alpharetta are Taking Shape". Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- "Alpharetta GA Visitor Bureau Alpharetta Convention and Visitors Bureau". September 4, 2019.
- "Alpharetta Arboretum Inc. receiving state award". Northfulton.com. September 25, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- "Travelers Journal". Travelersjournal.com. Archived from the original on October 24, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
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- "Verizon Wireless Amphitheatre at Encore Park". Vzwamp.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- "City of Alpharetta Website || Big Creek Greenway Trail". Alpharetta.ga.us. Archived from the original on October 4, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- "Zoning Map : City of Alpharetta" (PDF). Alpharetta.ga.us. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2009. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
- "North Fulton Elementary Schools" (PDF). Fulton County School System. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 12, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
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- "Amanaacademy.org". Amanaacademy.org. December 31, 1999. Archived from the original on July 21, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
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- "Zoning Map" (PDF). Johns Creek. Retrieved May 8, 2020. - "Holy Redeemer Catholic School" indicated on the map. The school's address may be stated as being in "Alpharetta, GA" but the school is not in the Alpharetta city limits.
- "Alpharetta Branch". Afpls.org. Archived from the original on August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Alpharetta.|
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