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April 5, 1838|
|Died||January 15, 1902(aged 63)|
|Institutions||Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Marine Biological Laboratory|
Alpheus Hyatt II was born in Washington, D.C. to Alpheus Hyatt and Harriet Randolph (King) Hyatt. He briefly attended the Maryland Military Academy and Yale University, and after graduating from Harvard University in 1862, he enlisted as a private in the Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry for the Civil War, emerging with the rank of captain.
After the war he worked for a time at the Essex Institute (now the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts. He and a colleague founded American Naturalist and Hyatt served as editor from 1867 to 1870. He became a professor of paleontology and zoology at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1870, where he taught for eighteen years, and was professor of biology and zoology at Boston University from 1877 until his death in 1902. He also served as curator of the Boston Society of Natural History, where his longtime assistant was his former student Jennie Maria Arms Sheldon, and he established a laboratory at the Norwood-Hyatt House in 1879 for the study of Marine Biology in Annisquam, Massachusetts. The River Road building gave him access to the Annisquam River, a salt water estuary. This enterprise was moved to Woods Hole and became the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory in 1888.
Hyatt studied under Louis Agassiz and was a proponent of Neo-Lamarckism with Edward Drinker Cope. In 1875 he was elected a fellow of the National Academy of Sciences and in 1898 received the honorary degree of LL.D. from Brown University.
He and his wife, Audella Beebe, were the parents of famed sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington; their other children were Harriet Randolph Hyatt Mayor, who was also a sculptor though less well known, (and mother of the art historian A. Hyatt Mayor), and Alpheus Hyatt III.
- Hyatt, A (Oct 1880). "Transformation of Planorbis: A Practical Illustration of the Evolution of Species". Science. 1 (17): 196. doi:10.1126/science.os-1.17.196. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17736203.
- Hyatt, A (Feb 1884). "The Evolution of the Cephalopoda.--Ii". Science. 3 (53): 145–149. Bibcode:1884Sci.....3..145H. doi:10.1126/science.ns-3.53.145. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17756220.
- Hyatt, A (Oct 1884). "The primitive Conocoryphean". Science. 4 (88): 351. doi:10.1126/science.ns-4.88.351-c. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17770756.
- Hyatt, A (Oct 1885). "Cruise of the Arethusa". Science. 6 (143): 384–386. doi:10.1126/science.ns-6.143.384-a. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17830507.
- Hyatt, A (Oct 1887). "The Scientific Swindler Again". Science. 10 (246): 203. Bibcode:1887Sci....10R.203H. doi:10.1126/science.ns-10.246.203. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17775319.
- Hyatt, A (Feb 1895). "Laboratory Teaching of Large Classes". Science. 1 (8): 197–203. Bibcode:1895Sci.....1..197H. doi:10.1126/science.1.8.197. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17746309.
- Hyatt, A (Jan 1897). "Cycle in the Life of the Individual (Ontogeny) and in the Evolution of Its Own Group (Phylogeny)". Science. 5 (109): 161–171. Bibcode:1897Sci.....5..161H. doi:10.1126/science.5.109.161. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17781838.
- "University Library, "Alpheus Hyatt Papers"". Syracuse University Library. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Alpheus Hyatt (1838–1902)".
- "Alpheus Hyatt II Papers". Syracuse University Library.
- Whyld, Bea (May–June 2005). "Anna Hyatt Huntington and the Huntington Great Danes". Subrosa. 42.
- National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir