Alphonse "Bois Sec" Ardoin
Alphonse "Bois Sec" Ardoin
|Born||November 16, 1915|
Duralde, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||May 16, 2007 (aged 91)|
Eunice, Louisiana, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||Musician, accordionist, singer|
|Instruments||Vocals, cajun accordion|
Alphonse "Bois Sec" Ardoin (November 16, 1915 – May 16, 2007) was a Creole accordionist who specialized in the Creole music called "la la music" or "la musique Creole" (closely related to Cajun music) and was influential in what became zydeco music.
Ardoin was born in the unincorporated rural village of Duralde in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana, to Gustave and Mary Louise (Ceasar) Ardoin. His father owned a guitar but was not a musician, nor was his mother. His father died of pneumonia when Alphonse was four years old. To earn money after Gustave's death, his mother took in laundry from white people and his older brother hired himself out to help support the family.
Ardoin earned his nickname meaning "dry wood" because he would always be the first to run in from the fields during a rainstorm. After starting on the triangle with his cousin Amédé Ardoin and fiddler Dennis McGee, he learned traditional accordion at age 12, playing the style of Louisiana music that was a precursor to zydeco. Through his teenage years, Bois Sec played triangle in Amédé's band at a club in Basile and at numerous house parties throughout the region.
His longtime musical partner was Canray Fontenot. By 1948, they were playing together in the Duralde Ramblers, and performed on local radio stations and in clubs. In 1966, they were invited to perform at the Newport Jazz Festival, where they received an enthusiastic reception. In the same year, they recorded their first album, Les Blues Du Bayou, on the Melodeon label.
In the early 1970s, Bois Sec formed the Ardoin Family Orchestra (sometimes also known as the Ardoin Brothers Band or the Ardoin Family Band) with three of his sons and Canray Fontenot. The popular band played at many folk festivals, made a number of recordings, and appeared in two films, Dry Wood (1973) and J'ai Été Au Bal (1989). Ardoin retired from playing music after the death of his son Gustave "Bud" in a car accident in 1974, but returned a few years later. After Fontenot's death in 1995, Ardoin performed with Christine Balfa, Dirk Powel and their band Balfa Toujours, recording an album, Allons Danser, with them in 1998.
Bois Sec's oldest son Morris played accordion with the family band for many years but left to open and operate Club Morris, a dance hall and bar near his father's home. The Club is considered the focal point for the social life of the Creole community in Duralde. Son Lawrence "Black" Ardoin is also a musician who played in the family band, but left in the early 1980s to form his own group called French Zydeco Band.
- La Musique Creole
- Allons Danser
- Les Blues De Bayou
In 1986, Ardoin and Fontenot were both awarded National Heritage Fellowships by the National Endowment for the Arts, which is the United States government's highest honor in the folk and traditional arts.
- "Alphonse 'Bois Sec' Ardoin". Masters of Traditional Arts. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
- Nyhan, Pat; Rollins, Brian; Babb, David (1997). Let The Good Times Roll!: A Guide to Cajun & Zydeco Music. Portland, Maine: Upbeat Books. pp. 25–27. ISBN 9780965823203. OCLC 38128267.
- Savoy, Ann Allen, ed. (1984). Cajun Music: A Reflection of a People. 1 (2nd ed.). Eunice, LA: Bluebird Press. pp. 312, 320. ISBN 0930169018. OCLC 769213027.
- Govenar, Alan, ed. (2001). "Alphonse "Bois Sec" Ardoin". Masters of Traditional Arts: A Biographical Dictionary. vol. 1 (A-J). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio. pp. 30–32. ISBN 1576072401. OCLC 47644303.
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- Fuselier, Herman (May 18, 2007). Friends, fans mourn legendary Bois Sec Ardoin. Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine The Daily Advertiser
- Juke Blues no.64, 2007, p.66
- Jennings, Dana (November 22, 1998). "In Bayou Country, Music Is Never Second Fiddle (Published 1998)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- Jon Pareles (May 20, 2007). "Bois Sec Ardoin, Musician and Nurturer of Creole Tradition, Dies at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "NEA National Heritage Fellowships 1986". arts.gov. National Endowment for the Arts. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved December 1, 2020.