Alpine, Arizona

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Alpine, Arizona
Alpine, AZ, 2012 - panoramio.jpg
Alpine is located in Arizona
Alpine
Alpine
Coordinates: 33°50′53″N 109°08′35″W / 33.84806°N 109.14306°W / 33.84806; -109.14306Coordinates: 33°50′53″N 109°08′35″W / 33.84806°N 109.14306°W / 33.84806; -109.14306[1]
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyApache
Area
 • Total0.56 sq mi (1.46 km2)
 • Land0.56 sq mi (1.46 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
8,012 ft (2,442 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total146
 • Density258.41/sq mi (99.72/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
ZIP Code
85920
Area code928
FIPS code04-01920
GNIS Feature ID25603

Alpine is a census-designated place in Apache County, Arizona, United States,[1] in Bush Valley in the east central part of the state. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 145.[3] It is located near the eastern border of the state.

History[edit]

Located approximately 75 miles south of the Navajo Nation, Alpine was settled in 1876 by Anderson Bush, a European-American who built a log house there. He originally used it as a trading post known as "Fort Bush". Bush sold his holdings in 1879 to William Maxwell and Fred Hamblin, Mormon settlers who established the town as a Mormon community.[4] They named the community for its lofty elevation.[5]

The Alpine post office has the ZIP code of 85920.[6]

Geography[edit]

Alpine (center of image); Luna Lake, right center. NASA perspective image created by joining Landsat 7 and Digital Elevation Model data.

Alpine is located at an elevation of 8,050 feet (2,450 m) above sea level in the eastern end of the White Mountains and surrounded by the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest. Alpine is near the headwaters of the San Francisco River and six miles from the New Mexico border. Alpine is a popular destination for hunting, fishing, and camping. As of 1960, it was the highest place in the United States where farming was successfully conducted.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920147
1930139−5.4%
1960300
2010145
20201460.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

Alpine first appeared on the 1920 U.S. Census as the Alpine Precinct of Apache County.[8] It also was recorded in 1930. In that census it had a white majority.[9] All county precincts were combined into three districts in 1940. Alpine's population was 165 in 1940.[10] The 1960 census estimated 300 persons.[11] In 2010, it was defined as a census-designated place (CDP).

Climate[edit]

Alpine has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) influence by its very high altitude and the North American Monsoon, which brings frequent thunder showers during the summer. Although temperatures are generally comfortable during the daytime, the sun is very intense and at night frosts have occurred even in summer and are an almost daily occurrence from October to May.

Winters are cold, with storms bringing precipitation mostly in the form of snow. Because Alpine is on the eastern end of the Mogollon Rim, it experiences a rain shadow from the White Mountains and receives less snowfall than points west at a similar elevation.

On February 25, 1987, Alpine tied the 24-hour snowfall record for Arizona at 38 inches (96.5 cm); it shares the record with Heber Ranger Station, which first set the record on December 14, 1967.[12]

Climate data for Alpine, Arizona (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1912–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
72
(22)
74
(23)
79
(26)
92
(33)
94
(34)
94
(34)
89
(32)
87
(31)
86
(30)
77
(25)
72
(22)
94
(34)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 57.6
(14.2)
59.4
(15.2)
64.6
(18.1)
70.5
(21.4)
78.2
(25.7)
86.2
(30.1)
86.4
(30.2)
82.4
(28.0)
78.6
(25.9)
73.7
(23.2)
65.6
(18.7)
60.2
(15.7)
87.7
(30.9)
Average high °F (°C) 45.6
(7.6)
48.0
(8.9)
53.9
(12.2)
60.6
(15.9)
68.8
(20.4)
78.3
(25.7)
78.5
(25.8)
75.9
(24.4)
71.9
(22.2)
63.8
(17.7)
53.8
(12.1)
46.2
(7.9)
62.1
(16.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 30.5
(−0.8)
33.2
(0.7)
38.2
(3.4)
43.4
(6.3)
50.1
(10.1)
58.4
(14.7)
62.6
(17.0)
61.2
(16.2)
55.5
(13.1)
46.7
(8.2)
37.8
(3.2)
30.9
(−0.6)
45.7
(7.6)
Average low °F (°C) 15.3
(−9.3)
18.4
(−7.6)
22.5
(−5.3)
26.2
(−3.2)
31.5
(−0.3)
38.5
(3.6)
46.7
(8.2)
46.4
(8.0)
39.2
(4.0)
29.6
(−1.3)
21.7
(−5.7)
15.7
(−9.1)
29.3
(−1.5)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −3.4
(−19.7)
1.6
(−16.9)
8.4
(−13.1)
14.6
(−9.7)
19.3
(−7.1)
27.2
(−2.7)
38.3
(3.5)
39.6
(4.2)
28.2
(−2.1)
16.3
(−8.7)
6.2
(−14.3)
−2.9
(−19.4)
−8.1
(−22.3)
Record low °F (°C) −32
(−36)
−28
(−33)
−25
(−32)
−6
(−21)
8
(−13)
13
(−11)
27
(−3)
29
(−2)
17
(−8)
−1
(−18)
−18
(−28)
−28
(−33)
−32
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.26
(32)
1.13
(29)
0.92
(23)
0.53
(13)
0.71
(18)
0.83
(21)
3.91
(99)
4.31
(109)
2.34
(59)
1.61
(41)
1.16
(29)
1.44
(37)
20.15
(512)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.7
(27)
9.9
(25)
8.2
(21)
1.7
(4.3)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.3
(3.3)
4.6
(12)
7.9
(20)
44.8
(113.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 5.3 4.7 4.4 2.4 3.8 4.2 14.3 14.9 7.8 5.3 2.8 4.6 74.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 3.7 2.8 2.3 1.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.4 3.1 15.1
Source 1: NOAA[13]
Source 2: National Weather Service[14]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The U.S. Postal Service operates the Alpine Post Office on U.S. Route 191.[15]

Attractions[edit]

Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, south of Alpine

Education[edit]

The Alpine Elementary School District, operating Alpine Elementary School, serves Alpine.

The Apache County Library District operates the Alpine Public Library.[17]

Picture gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alpine
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Alpine CDP, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Byrd H. Granger (1960). Arizona Place Names. University of Arizona Press. p. 3. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
  5. ^ The Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, Volumes 9-10. 1918. p. 9.
  6. ^ Zip Code Lookup Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "State Compendium: Arizona" (PDF). Fourteenth Census of the United States. Bureau of the Census. 1920.
  9. ^ "Population" (PDF). Fifteenth Census of the United States. Bureau of the Census. 1930.
  10. ^ The Attorneys List. United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company, Attorney List Department. 1940. p. 85.
  11. ^ "Arizona". World Book Encyclopedia. Vol. A. Chicago: Field Enterprises Educational Corporation. 1960. p. 557.
  12. ^ "State Climate Extremes Committee Records".
  13. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 11, 2022.
  14. ^ "NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service. Retrieved October 11, 2022.
  15. ^ "Post Office™ Location – ALPINE Archived August 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  16. ^ "Coronado Trail Scenic Byway".
  17. ^ "Alpine Public Library Archived August 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.

External links[edit]