Alpine, Arizona

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Alpine, Arizona
Alpine (center of image); Luna Lake, right center. NASA perspective image created by joining Landsat 7 and Digital Elevation Model data.
Alpine (center of image); Luna Lake, right center. NASA perspective image created by joining Landsat 7 and Digital Elevation Model data.
Alpine is located in Arizona
Alpine
Alpine
Coordinates: 33°50′53″N 109°08′35″W / 33.84806°N 109.14306°W / 33.84806; -109.14306Coordinates: 33°50′53″N 109°08′35″W / 33.84806°N 109.14306°W / 33.84806; -109.14306[1]
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyApache
Area
 • Total0.60 sq mi (1.56 km2)
 • Land0.60 sq mi (1.56 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
8,012 ft (2,442 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total145
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
N/A
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
ZIP Code
85920
Area code(s)928
FIPS code04-01920
GNIS Feature ID25603

Alpine is a census-designated place in Apache County, Arizona United States,[1] in Bush Valley in the east central part of the state. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 145.[4]

History[edit]

Alpine was settled in 1876 by Anderson Bush, who built a log house originally known as "Fort Bush". Bush sold his holdings in 1879 to William Maxwell and Fred Hamblin, Mormon settlers who established the town as a Mormon community.[5] The community was named for its lofty elevation.[6]

Geography[edit]

Alpine is located at an elevation of 8,050 feet (2,450 m) above sea level in the eastern end of the White Mountains and surrounded by the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest. Alpine is a popular destination for hunting, fishing, and camping. Alpine is near the headwaters of the San Francisco River and six miles from the New Mexico border. As of 1960, it was the highest place in the United States where farming was successfully occurring.[5]

The Alpine post office has the ZIP code of 85920.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920147
1930139−5.4%
2010145
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

Alpine first appeared on the 1920 U.S. Census as the Alpine Precinct of Apache County.[9] It also returned again in 1930. It was recorded as having a White majority for that census.[10] With the combination of all county precincts into 3 districts in 1940, it did not formally appear again until 2010, when it was made a census-designated place (CDP).

Climate[edit]

Alpine has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) influence by its very high altitude and the North American Monsoon, which brings frequent thunder showers during the summer. Although temperatures are generally comfortable during the daytime, the sun is very intense and at night frosts have occurred even in summer and are an almost daily occurrence from October to May.

Winters are cold, with storms bringing precipitation mostly in the form of snow. Because Alpine is on the eastern end of the Mogollon Rim, it experiences a rain shadow from the White Mountains: it gets less snowfall than points west at a similar elevation.

Climate data for Alpine, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
72
(22)
74
(23)
79
(26)
92
(33)
94
(34)
94
(34)
88
(31)
87
(31)
86
(30)
77
(25)
72
(22)
94
(34)
Average high °F (°C) 44.8
(7.1)
47.6
(8.7)
52.3
(11.3)
59.7
(15.4)
67.6
(19.8)
77.5
(25.3)
78.4
(25.8)
75.3
(24.1)
71.2
(21.8)
62.6
(17.0)
52.6
(11.4)
46.2
(7.9)
61.3
(16.3)
Average low °F (°C) 13.4
(−10.3)
16.7
(−8.5)
20.8
(−6.2)
24.4
(−4.2)
29.7
(−1.3)
36.5
(2.5)
44.7
(7.1)
43.9
(6.6)
37.4
(3.0)
27.9
(−2.3)
19.7
(−6.8)
14.2
(−9.9)
27.4
(−2.6)
Record low °F (°C) −32
(−36)
−28
(−33)
−25
(−32)
−6
(−21)
8
(−13)
13
(−11)
27
(−3)
29
(−2)
17
(−8)
−1
(−18)
−18
(−28)
−28
(−33)
−32
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.35
(34)
1.29
(33)
1.30
(33)
0.63
(16)
0.75
(19)
0.86
(22)
3.43
(87)
4.47
(114)
2.41
(61)
2.38
(60)
1.44
(37)
1.35
(34)
21.66
(550)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.4
(19)
6.8
(17)
5.8
(15)
1.4
(3.6)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(3.6)
4.0
(10)
5.8
(15)
32.8
(83.71)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 6.2 6.2 6.7 4.7 4.9 5.3 16.5 17.4 9.7 6.8 4.5 5.1 94
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.6 1.4 1.9 11.6
Source: NOAA[11]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The U.S. Postal Service operates the Alpine Post Office on U.S. Route 191.[12]

Attractions[edit]

Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, south of Alpine

Education[edit]

The Alpine Elementary School District, operating Alpine Elementary School, serves Alpine.

The Apache County Library District operates the Alpine Public Library.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alpine
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Alpine CDP, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  5. ^ a b Byrd H. Granger (1960). Arizona Place Names. University of Arizona Press. p. 3. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
  6. ^ The Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, Volumes 9-10. 1918. p. 9.
  7. ^ Zip Code Lookup Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. ^ http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/06229686v1-7ch02.pdf
  10. ^ https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/10612963v3p1ch02.pdf
  11. ^ "ALPINE, AZ" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. December 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Post Office™ Location – ALPINE Archived August 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ "Alpine Public Library Archived August 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.

External links[edit]