Alraune (1928 film)
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (February 2016)|
|Directed by||Henrik Galeen|
|Produced by||Helmut Schreiber|
|Written by||Hanns Heinz Ewers (novel)
|Music by||Willy Schmidt-Gentner|
Alraune (also called Unholy Love, Mandrake, or A Daughter of Destiny) is a 1928 German silent science fiction, horror film directed by Henrik Galeen and starring Brigitte Helm in which a prostitute is artificially inseminated with the semen of a hanged man. The story is based upon the legend of Alraune and the powers of the mandrake root to impregnate women. In this version the symbiosis caused by the sexual union between the human and the root causes the girl to kill all men who fall in love with her.
A Professor is specializing in genetics is ambitious to conduct an experiment with a woman of "low social status", by impregnating her with a mandrake. The plant is believed by legend to sprout from the semen of hanged prisoners. He instructs his young nephew, Franz, to obtain a woman from the "scum of society". Franz reluctantly retrieves a prostitute, and the experiment is performed on her.
The Professor decides to confront Alraune in her dressing room. Alraune is obviously afraid of her "father" and after a few reprimands, decides to leave the circus and return home with him. Alraune is happy for a time in her new life with her "father", who showers her with gifts in a place where nobody knows about her past life. The professor continues to chronicle Alraune's life. He secretly acknowledges that he has fallen for her and wonders if her promiscuous nature is an effect of her mother's promiscuosity. After displaying a winning streak, Alraune leaves the professor mid-round and rushes home to pack her things and escape. The Professor loses his winnings and returns home to find Alraune packing. He begs her to stay, sell her remaining jewels for money and move to a new place where they can find happiness. She replies that she certainly will, but not with him. Enraged, the Professor grabs a knife and pursues Alraune around the house. Luckily, Franz arrives in time to stop him attacking her. Franz spirits Alraune away, leaving the Professor condemned to a life of loneliness and insanity.
- Brigitte Helm as Alraune ten Brinken
- Paul Wegener as Prof. Jakob ten Brinken
- Iván Petrovich as Franz Braun
- Wolfgang Zilzer as Wölfchen
- Louis Ralph as Der Zauberkünstler
- Hans Trautner as Der Dompteur
- John Loder as Der Vicomte
- Mia Pankau as Die Dirne
- Valeska Gert as Ein Mädchen von der Gasse
- Georg John as Der Mörder
- Alexander Sascha as Ein Herr im Coupé
- Heinrich Schroth as Ein Herr in der Bar
The film has received a generally more positive reaction than the other versions based on the same myth. it has been described by leading science fiction author David Wingrove in his Science Fiction Source Book as "a frightening, erotic and highly emotional film with fine cinematography".
In 1928, The New York Times wrote, "if you like this sort of thing you'll find it a superior product. Heinrich Galeen has directed with phototographic imagination—no question that the picture has atmosphere" ; and of Brigitte Helm, "all the promises of "Metropolis" are here fulfilled. To the vampire gallery, which runs from Theda Bara to Greta Garbo, let me add the German Brigitte. She lacks Greta's delectable weakness but she gives in its place power and depth. A most engaging evening's display of erotics." 
- Alraune, 1918 Hungarian film
- Alraune, die Henkerstochter, genannt die rote Hanne, 1918 German film
- Alraune, 1930 German film also starring Brigette Helm
- Alraune, 1952 German film starring Hildegard Knef
- "Movie Review - Alraune - SOME NEW GERMAN FILMS; A Grand Guignol Affair. Mysterious Criminal Yarn. - NYTimes.com".
- David Wingrove, Science Fiction Film Source Book (Longman Group Limited, 1985)
- Internet Movie Database
- Scifilm review