Alstahaug

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Alstahaug kommune
Municipality
Village of Tjøtta in Alstahaug
Village of Tjøtta in Alstahaug
Coat of arms of Alstahaug kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Alstahaug kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Alstahaug within Nordland
Alstahaug within Nordland
Coordinates: 65°57′24″N 12°34′22″E / 65.95667°N 12.57278°E / 65.95667; 12.57278Coordinates: 65°57′24″N 12°34′22″E / 65.95667°N 12.57278°E / 65.95667; 12.57278
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Helgeland
Administrative centre Sandnessjøen
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Bård Anders Langø (Ap)
Area
 • Total 187.22 km2 (72.29 sq mi)
 • Land 186.29 km2 (71.93 sq mi)
 • Water 0.93 km2 (0.36 sq mi)
Area rank 336 in Norway
Population (2011)
 • Total 7,296
 • Rank 134 in Norway
 • Density 39.2/km2 (102/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -1.5 %
Demonym(s) Alstahaugværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1820
Official language form Neutral
Website www.alstahaug.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Alstahaug is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Helgeland region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Sandnessjøen. Other villages in Alstahaug include Søvika and Tjøtta.

The old trading centre at Tjøtta
The old parsonage at Alstahaug is protected
Alsten island, with lowland at the foot of the Seven Sisters mountains

The administrative centre of Alstahaug is the town Sandnessjøen which is situated on the island of Alsta. The characteristic Seven Sisters mountain range is found on the eastern part of the island. Local legend has made this chain of peaks into seven sisters, two adjacent peaks representing twin sisters.

The island is connected to the mainland via the impressive Helgeland Bridge along Norwegian County Road 17. The Sandnessjøen Airport, Stokka is located just south of Sandnessjøen.

General information[edit]

Alstahaug was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1862, the southern district (population: 2,781) was separated to become the new municipality of Tjøtta (Vevelstad was later separated from Tjøtta). In 1864, the western island district (population: 2,438) was separated to become the new municipality of Herøy. Then on 1 July 1899, the northern district (population: 2,673) was separated to form the new municipality of Stamnes (Leirfjord was later separated from Stamnes).

On 1 January 1965, the Husvær area of Alstahaug (population: 461) was transferred from Alstahaug to Herøy. On the same day, the municipalities of Tjøtta (not including the Skogsholmen area), Sandnessjøen, and the rest of Alstahaug were all merged to form the new, larger municipality of Alstahaug. On 1 January 1971, the Skålvær islands (population: 32) were transferred from Vega to Alstahaug. On 1 January 1995, the mainland areas of Alstahaug (population: 70) were transferred to Vefsn.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Alstahaug farm (Old Norse: Alastarhaugr), since the first church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of the name of the island Alöst (now Alsta) and the last element is haugr which means "hill" or "mound".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 8 August 1986. The arms show the Seven Sisters (Norwegian: De syv søstre), a row of mountains in the area, mirrored in the clear waters of the fjord.[4]

The medieval Alstahaug Church

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Alstahaug. It is part of the Nord-Helgeland deanery in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Alstahaug
Parish
(Sokn)
Church Name Location
of the Church
Year Built
Alstahaug Alstahaug Church Alstahaug 12th century
Sandnessjøen Sandnessjøen Church Sandnessjøen 1882
Tjøtta Skålvær Church Skålvær 1851
Tjøtta Church Tjøtta 1867

History[edit]

At Alstahaug, on the southern end of the island of Alsta, lies the medieval Alstahaug Church, where the poet and minister Petter Dass worked around 1700. Tjøtta, an island south of Alsta, is the place where the famous Viking Hårek resided in the 11th century.

Nature[edit]

Birdlife[edit]

Lying just south of the Arctic Circle in an area that is known as Outer Helgeland, Alstahaug offers the visiting bird watcher a chance to do some birding in spectacular scenery, be it coastal or inland where The Seven Sisters mountain chain marks the boundary between the habitats. One of the better areas to birdwatch is Tjøtta. Here you will find the small nature reserve Ostjønna.

The Seven Sisters Mountains in Alstahaug

Geography[edit]

Alstahaug is a municipality consisting entirely of islands. Most residents live on the main islands of Alsta and Tjøtta, and Alstahaug stretches from the Skålvær island group in the west, to the Vefsnfjorden in the east, and to Mindlandet island to the south. The municipalities of Leirfjord, Vefsn, and Vevelstad lie to the east and Dønna, Herøy, and Vega.

Climate[edit]

Alstahaug has an oceanic climate. February is often the coldest month, and August is often the warmest. October is almost as warm as May. The mean annual precipitation is 1,510 millimetres (59 in) at Sandnessjøen and 1,020 millimetres (40 in) at Tjøtta. The wettest period is from September to January with approximately 150 millimetres (5.9 in) each month, while in May and June it averages 60 to 70 millimetres (2.4 to 2.8 in) each month.[5]

Climate data for Sandnessjøen (10 last years)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
−1
(30)
1
(34)
6
(43)
11
(52)
12
(54)
15
(59)
15
(59)
13
(55)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
7.9
(46.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0
(32)
−4
(25)
−2
(28)
2
(36)
7
(45)
8
(46)
11
(52)
12
(54)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
1
(34)
4.7
(40.5)
Source: [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 89. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 18 November 2008. 
  5. ^ Alstahaug climate statistics
  6. ^ "Sandnessjøen average conditions; base period 10 last years". Storm Weather Center. Retrieved 5 December 2009. 

External links[edit]